251 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2019
  2. Nov 2018
    1. The author's research method is based on a comparative analysis of educational environments based on Virtual Reality (VR) and respectively on Augmented Reality (AR)/Mixed Reality (MR) as particular immersive environments for developing student's 3D spatial skills, their cultural awareness and also for enabling self-training and social and professional collaboration.

      "The author's research method is based on a comparative analysis of educational environments based on Virtual Reality (VR) and respectively on Augmented Reality (AR)/Mixed Reality (MR) as particular immersive environments for developing student's 3D spatial skills, their cultural awareness and also for enabling self-training and social and professional collaboration. "

    1. However, Sykes et al. (2008) considered that the above two types of VR were originally developed for commercial and business use. In contrast, an SIE emphasizes its educational objectives by carefully incorporating pedagogy into the immersive spaces. Regardless of the original purposes for which VLEs were designed, researchers in the computer-assisted language learning (CALL) field have tried to employ pedagogical principles and practices that are innovative and theoretically grounded to understand the pedagogical values of VLEs in language learning.

      This article examines the different types of VR tools that existed in the past, are currently being used and predictions for the future of SIEs (Synthetic Immersive Environments), in education.

    1. Another approach, however, can dramatically impact the effectiveness of blended learning professional development.

      Although a relatively new concept in adult learning, blended learning in professional development can impact the effectiveness of PD and provide greater learning opportunities for students through well trained teachers.

    1. most importantly, however, when the group has real synergy, it will by far exceed the best individual performance. Synergy is best thought of as members of the same team feeding off one another in positive ways; as result the "whole" becomes better than "the sum of the parts". Collaboration can actually raise the "group IQ" – i.e. the sum total of the best talents of each member on the team.


    1. In effective collaboration, all people involved use their emotional intelligence well to balance emotional needs with their thinking, build authentic relationships and make good quality decisions on behalf of the organisation. Whether working with others one-to-one, in small groups or large teams, there is exemplary communication with empathy that engages hearts and minds.  This occurs at all levels of the organisation.

      How emotional intelligence affects collaboration.

    1. t turns out emotional intelligence in a group setting accelerates the group's development. Team members need EI on an individual level. And when we work together with EI, it's fascinating to see what happens. Studies are finding that collaboration among those with high emotional intelligence creates outcomes that exceed the sum of their individual talents. Shared emotional intelligence not only improves work processes, it improves the work product!

      Emotional intelligence helps increase collaboration.

    1. Significantandlong‐lastingchangesoccurwhenaschool’s“policies,practices,culture,andfunding”arestructuredtofacilitatetheintegrationofeducationaltechnology.Successfulchangeintheclassroommustbesupportedatthebuildinganddistrictlevels.Ifaccesstoanduseoftechnologyarenotcontinuousfromyear‐to‐year,itisdifficulttoeffectmeaningfulchangeinpedagogy

      Technology is ever changing, opening a door to effect meaningful change in the education sector. For these changes to be adequately implemented, it is important to provide the necessary professional development training for all stakeholders involved in the teaching and learning environment.

    2. Professional Development for Technology Integration

      Professional Development for Tech Integration. This article would be crucial for anyone that is performing professional development for K-12 educators. It dissects best practices in how to train these individuals. It goes through pros and cons of a variety of practices.

      Content Depth: 4/5

      Content Breadth: 4/5

      Ease of Access: 4/5

    1. Why not let teachers take the lead? Through the formation of teacher-led professional learning communities, teachers can create and discuss instructional techniques within an environment characterized by ongoing supportive mentorship and turn the single session workshop into a powerhouse for instructional improvement.

      Professional development that promotes engagement and interaction amongst peers will support mentorship and create an atmosphere for instructional improvement.

    1. In today's fast-paced knowledge-intensive economy, work of importanceis increasingly accomplished coUaboratively through informal networks. As aresult, assessing and supporting strategically important informal networks inorganizations can yield substantial performance benefits. In addition, networkrelationships are critical anchoring points for employees, whose loyalty andcommitment may be more to sets of individuals in their network than to a givenorganization. Our research (and that of others) has found that these informalnetworks are increasingly important contributors to employee job satisfactionand performance. Yet despite their importance, these networks are rarely well-supported or even understood by the organizations in which they are embedded.Social network analysis provides a means with which to identify and assess thehealth of strategically important networks within an organization. By makingvisible these otherwise "invisible" patterns of interaction, it becomes possible towork with important groups to facilitate effective collaboration

      The author does a great job of examining social relationships and the effect they have in the workplace. The author asserts that by making the connections and work visible there will be a better result.


    1. A number of authors argue that professional development requires adual focus on both knowledge of subject matter content and an understand-ing of how children learn specific content.

      This article addresses what makes professional development effective and why. It reviews study results to show what works in a national sample of teachers. This article has good information on professional development.


    1. Social-based tools are gaining acceptance in the workplace.

      This article explains how a wiki can be used as a collaborative tool in the workplace. The author explains how they can be used, the advantages, and tips.


    1. Listening. Many different podcasts are available to add listening opportunities to almost any topic or theme33 For example, elllo (http://www.elllo.org) offers more than 1,300 podcasts for ELLs on a variety of topics, with various levels of difficulty, utilizing different voices. Each short podcast has associated comprehension and vocabulary activities. of study in the adult English language acquisition classroom. Not only can podcasts provide listening practice, they can also be used to teach a variety of specific listening or note-taking strategies to increase the rig

      This brief details some practical ways that technology can be integrated in all language skills for adults and is applicable to various ESL contexts.

      This article is well-researched and is rich with resources for adult ESL teachers. Rating 10/10

    2. This issue brief is a part of the LINCS ESL Pro suite of resources on Integrating Digital Literacy into English Language Instruction. The purpose of this Issue Brief is to provide teachers and administrators with a broad overview of digital literacy as it relates to adult English language learners (ELLs) in English language acquisition programs. It is intended to serve as an introduction to the topic of digital literacy that teachers and administrators can use as a springboard to additional in-depth resources on this topic. Although this Issue Brief provides links to resources that help illustrate the current issues in developing digital literacy, it is not intended to be used as an instructional guide. For more comprehensive, targ

      This resource is a goldmine of information on how, when, and why technology should be integrated for adult ESL learners. At the end of the article are a list of resources for teachers as well.

      This resource is credible and has so much relevant information for adult ESL teachers. I can't get distracted as I could spend the rest of the night looking at all of this information and I need to find several more sources for this assignment. Rating: 10/10

      P.S. This has a great resource for teaching students to write emails. Jim and I were just talking about this idea this morning. He could use this resource for his Level 3 writing class.

    1. “The schools that do it well tie professional development around technology into a larger framework of learning goals and the mission of the school,” says Inman. “They’re looking for growth over time as technology is integrated into the classroom. They don’t look at it short-term, even if they’re training for a specific tool.”

      This article shares the benefits of having technology integrated into professional development for three high schools in separate states. It highlights the benefits reported from small to large school districts and what technology specialists should consider when providing PD for adult learners with busy schedules.


    1. It is desirable that the common reference points are presented in different ways for different purposes. For some purposes it will however be appropriate to summarise the set of proposed Common Reference Levels in a holistic summarized table. Such a simple ‘global’ representation will make it easier to communicate the system to non-specialist users and will provide teachers and curriculum planners with orientation points.

      This website will provide a point of reference for my readers to understand English proficiency levels of my students as I give the context for my essay.

      This website is very credible and the CEFR scale is references worldwide in my profession. Rating 10/10

    1. This article takes a different perspective on technological integration, showing that sometimes technology, when used improperly, can set a class backwards.Examples in the article clearly show that effective use of technology is extremely important, otherwise the technology may cause more problems than it offers solutions.

      Rating: 9/10

    1. This article takes the perspective that education should not necessarily be solely focused on educational experiences, as we tend to do. Rather, technology should also have a focus in supporting non-academic areas and using data to drive instruction.

      Rating: 7/10

    1. This research takes an interesting look into the role gender plays in self-efficacy in technology. The research finds that self-efficacy in technology was primarily effected by gender and gender roles, not specifically by biological sex.

      Rating: 10/10

    1. Several problems and barriers to technological integration are often included in the discussion about using technology in higher education, however it is less common that solutions are presented. This article proposes solutions for transforming educational technology through personalized experiences and collaboration.

      Rating: 8/10

    1. This article suggests that perhaps keeping updated and informed on technology can prevent the shut-down and closure of specific degrees and the departments they come from. Technology is constantly changing, and it is expected that institutions will change with it. Rating: 7/10

    1. Facilitating Adult Learning Through Computer-Mediated Distance Education

      This is an interesting article to discover the history of adult learning technology in a hybrid setting. The study included both face-to-face and online meetings/assignments.

    1. English Teachers' Barriers to the Use of Computer-assisted Language Learning

      This article discusses the use of Computer-assisted Language Learning (CALL) technologies to teach English. Each stage of learning aligns with a level of computer technology. There are also many barriers that impede the process of integrating the CALL into the classroom, which include financial, access to hardware and software, teacher training, technical knowledge, and acceptance of technology.

      RATING: 8/10

    1. The Flipped Classroom:An OpportunityTo Engage MillennialStudents Through ActiveLearning Strategies

      This article discussing using the flipped classroom using accessible technology and expand learning activities. The authors point out that the use of technology must be based on training provided to teachers to implement the technology in the classroom.

      RATING: 8/10

    1. Factors influencing teachers’ adoption and integration of information and communication technology into teaching: A review of the literature

      This article is a review of literature regarding what influences teachers to adopt and integrate information and communication technology (ICT) in the classroom. This discussion takes into consideration age, gender, prior exposure to technology, and teacher attitudes. Further consideration is given to institutional support, technical support, available professional development, and access to both hardware and software. The conclusion is that there are numerous levels of support that are required to make technology support and training available to educators.

      RATING: 7/10

    1. Technological Pedagogical ContentKnowledge: A Framework for TeacherKnowledge

      The authors discuss the fact that traditional learning has been an intersection of content knowledge and pedagogical knowledge, but with today's learning environment, it must also intersect with technological knowledge which requires further professional growth and development. The authors further discuss the challenges keeping up with the rate of change of technology and suggest that this is just a foundation for the ongoing research in educational technology.

      RATING: 7/10

    1. Early Attrition among First Time eLearners: A Review of Factors that Contribute to Drop-out, Withdrawal and Non-completion Rates of Adult Learners undertaking eLearning Programmes

      NEW - This study researches dropout rates in eLearning. There are many reasons for attrition with adult eLearners which can be complex and entwined. The researched provide different models to test and also a list of barriers to eLearning - where technology issues ranked first. In conclusion, the authors determined that further research was necessary to continue to identify the factors that contribute to adult learner attrition.

      RATING: 7/10


      This article discusses the effects of fetal alcohol exposure in adult learning by studying the effects of exercises that stimulates the hippo-campus in the adult rats that were effected by fetal alcohol exposure. The study is entirely based on the scientific research of the neurology of the participants, but provides a course of action that could be applied to human participants as well. The encouraging results indicated that partial restoration of neurological functions in the adult rats was achieved. This inspires hope of introducing exercise to human participants and warrants further exploration of the application to humans since this is not an invasive therapy with low risk to participants. This may also provide some educational changes in special education to include exercise as part of the classroom experience.

      RATING: 5/10

    1. Preceptors must create an environment that is friendly to novice nurses and conducive to perioperative nurse education, particularly in light of the current nursing shortage. Effective teachers use principles of adult learning to facilitate the education of new employees. This results in increased satisfaction for preceptors, preceptees, other staff members, and ultimately, patients.

      The article focuses on adult learning in the medical profession. It is a different perspective than a traditional subject and shows how much education effects all the student comes in contact with in their career.


    2. Creating an environment conducive to adult learning

      Creating a conducive adult learning environment is an article directed to training nurses in a clinical setting, but it can also be applied to any other learning environment. It identifies the responsibilities of the preceptor (instructor) and the preceptee (learner) and the best means for parceling out duties to the learners.<br> The recommended process of assigning tasks to start with a single task and have the learner participate in parts of the medical procedure until the complete task has been practiced. The concept of repetition is also identified as an important tool for learning a given task. The task of correcting or counseling a student is also discussed. These principles are applicable to all learning situations and can be adapted to fit the specific area of training.

      RATING: 10/10

    1. Adult learners face numerous challenges that include changing definitions, overcoming circumstances, relearning, and motivation. Addressing these challenges in a timely and personal way is especially important in distance learning environments. This roundtable will discuss how WGU addresses these challenges and prepares educators in a manner independent of place and time.

      This article discusses ways to help adults in distance learning environments. The panelists are university workers sharing how they address the issues.

    1. n recent years, college instructors have begun to abandon traditional approaches to instruction, which merely transfer knowledge from faculty to students, for cutting-edge strategies, which allow students to construct their own learning. This change in instructional strategy has also brought about a change in the tools which are used for instruction. As students gain more control over their learning, they also want to have more control over the tools that guide their learning. In many way

      This article discusses some of the advantages of ebooks, but the conclusion at the end mentions that it hasn't caught on very much (at that point, this was published in 2009). The authors hypothesize that there would be a combination of printed and ebooks.

      There are some helpful ideas in this article. It is a little outdated considering there have been new enough software to help with some of the downsides (such as making annotations!), but some relevant ideas are included. Rating 7/10

    1. The paper argues that the adult learning environment can in some instances be a ‘double-edged sword’, in that it can both enhance and limit student engagement.

      This article is about a study performed on both students and teachers about the adult learning environment and the pro and cons. They call it a "double edge sword" because there are different positives and drawbacks.

    1. As with many teaching strategies, there are common methods in usingtechnology that can be applied across various academic disciplines and grade levels.

      It's always key that technology supports teaching strategies and enables learners to develop technology rich skills (fluency) whilst independently developing critical thinking, promoting collaborations, and providing a reflective experience across all disciplines.


    2. Using Model Strategies forIntegrating Technology into Teaching

      In this pdf, there are many helpful tips and techniques in creating a foundation for technology. The introduction of model strategies are laid out with lots of supporting detail and examples and weblinks. It includes nearly 400 pages of peer-reviewed lessons, models and various strategies.

      RATING: 5/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. When technology integration is at its best, a child or a teacher doesn't stop to think that he or she is using a technology tool -- it is second nature. And students are often more actively engaged in projects when technology tools are a seamless part of the learning process.

      This article presents key points to implementing technology into the classroom and for clear purposes. Technology should support curriculum and not overshadow it with all its bells and whistles.


    2. We often talk about avoiding the use of technology for technology's sake and ensuring here is relevance in the integration. This site lays out specific characteristics of effective technologies in the classroom.

      Rating: 9/10

    3. This article has several resources teachers can use to incorporate technology into their lessons. It also gives ideas on how to become more proficient with adding technology to the classroom and what to do if the technology enhanced lesson fails. Ratings: 4/5

    1. Learning needs analysis of collaborative e-classes in semi-formal settings: The REVIT exampl

      This article explores the importance of analysis of instructional design which seems to be often downplayed particularly in distance learning. ADDIE, REVIT have been considered when evaluating whether the training was meaningful or not and from that a central report was extracted and may prove useful in the development of similar e-learning situations for adult learning.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. This article stuck me immediately as a former K-12 teacher who now works in higher education. Andragogy and Pedagogy are both extremely similar and unalike in many ways. It is important to understand technological styles in pedagogy, as this article demonstrates, in order to effectively apply similar principles in the higher education setting.

      Rating: 8/10

    2. The latest technology and the most popular pedagogy of the day cannot be effective unless individual learner needs drive the educative process. When considering styles of teaching and learning, the central question for all educators is what should drive the process of learning – the preferences of the teacher or the needs of individual learners.

      Rating: 8/10

    3. At the intersection of technology and pedagogy:considering styles of learning and teaching

      When examining the pedagogy of learning, teacher and student centered approaches, there is additional evidence supporting a model moving more towards technology-based learning. This articles considers the question of technology in the classroom and its' advantages/disadvantages.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. This site includes five highly effective technological resources that instructors can use in their higher ed classrooms. What is especially useful about this site is that it includes a rationale for all the proposed technologies, ensuring that the technology is not just including in lesson planning for technology's sake.

      Rating: 10/10

    1. This article brings up the important issue of accessibility as a barrier to technology integration. It is suggested that accessibility should be a much more pressing concern than technological relevance to a lesson plan. First it is important to know whether or not all students will still have equal access and ability to reach mastery with the deliver method provided.

      Rating: 7/10

    1. This article focuses on the importance of using technological integration in the classroom correctly and effectively. Barriers to effectiveness, as the article states, are often linked to lack of rational, vision, or necessity for including technology in instruction.

      Rating: 8/10

    1. This is scholarly article that shares research findings in questions such as, to what extent is there a relationship between faculty's comfortableness with technology and perception of technology integration and student success? The data is very interesting, including the fact that students in the sample reported being most proficient with a printer and least proficient with a smarboard. This definitely indicates a shift in what technological knowledge a professor will need verses their students.

      Rating: 9/10

    1. Our Sample Professional Development (PD) Activity Collection is designed to serve as a resource to PD providers creating training events both for practicing educators and beginning teachers engaged in induction experiences. In this collection, users will find examples of the ways in which information about evidence-based practices,

      The page has a template, activities, and resources instructors can use to help create professional development courses. Rating: 4/5

    1. Teachers often attend professional development that does not pertain to them and what they do. This article looks into various adult learning theories that can be implemented to make professional development more meaningful for the teachers. These learning theories are action learning, experiential learning, project based learning, and self-directed learning. The article recommends blending the different adult learning theories to create a professional development teachers will find relevant to them. The article also states leadership helps direct the relevance of the professional development. Different leadership styles are highlighted and how it helps improve professional development. Rating: 5/5

  3. teacherlink.ed.usu.edu teacherlink.ed.usu.edu
    1. This article looks at several adult learning theories. The theories are: age and stage, cognitive development, and functional, Age and stage theory sates that a learner's age and stage of development plays a part in they way they learn. Cognitive development is when learning goes from concrete to more abstract and learning is intrinsic. Functional theory is when learning problem centered and self directed. Rating: 5/5

    1. In addition to discussing Knowles Andragogy learning theory this article also looks into two other adult learning theories: experiential and transformational. For learning to be successful in adults instructional designers need to "tap into prior experiences," "create a-ha moments," and "create meaning" by connecting to reality. Rating: 5/5

    2. Adult learning theories are not just a collection of jargons, concepts, and ideas about how adults learn. These theories help you plan your course during conception, development, and execution, in a way that will facilitate the learning process. Here’re four reasons why instructional designers MUST get acquainted with these theories: To create relevance by mapping courses with perceived learner needs To devise instructional strategies in alignment with real learning contexts To choose the technology that best supports the instructional strategy To plan instructional strategies relevant for digital-age and on-the-go learners

      Adult learners' needs and goals are all vary progressively throughout life, and this article presents the creation and implementation of strategies to the adult education instructional design.

      Rating: 7/10

    1. In this case study the instructional designers used a contextualized model of active learning to provide professional learning to teachers in urban alternative high schools. The teachers were given reading assignments, activities that were relevant and engaging to them, and time to reflect at the end of the session. The participants enjoyed the "learner-centered" model of professional development and found it effective and worth to their learning. Rating: 4/5

    1. This article looks into the different ways technology can be incorporated into adult learning. These methods include technology as curriculum, technology as delivery mechanism, technology as complement to instruction, and technology as an instructional tool. The benefits and limitations of each method is also discussed. Rating: 4/5

    2. This site gives a thorough overview into the integration of technology in the classroom. The most helpful element it includes is a list of limitations to consider within this integration. The downside is you will have to "dig" a little through the article to find the solutions to these problems, as they are not immediately obvious. Rating: 8/10

  4. www.ijbhtnet.com www.ijbhtnet.com
    1. This article highlights how the constructive teaching model can be used to incorporate technology in learning. To do this learning has to be meaningful to the students and should allow for student discourse to compare ideas and modify if necessary. Rating: 4/5

    2. As technology becomes integrated into the teaching/learning process, the role of the classroom teacherchanges noticeably. Classroom teachers become facilitators who assist students in constructing their own understandings and capabilities in carrying out tasks on computer technologies. The shift from lecture and recitation, which often still occurs in secondary classrooms, to coaching automatically supports a constructivist approach to learning; computer encourages the teacher to play the role of a coach (Collins 1991).

      This article provides multiple definitions and principles of the constructivist approach and its impact on technology and learning in classroom situations. The design of instructional practices that engages the experiences, collaborative discourses and reflections of the adult learner.


    1. This article documents how Ohio State University trains new elementary and middle school teachers to incorporate technology into their lessons. It highlights that technology integration is a tool not a theory or education. It also states that technology integration should be used to enhance the students' learning instead of forcing it into the curriculum. Rating: 5/5

    2. To be effective, teachers must not only demonstrate a knowledge of how to integrate content or concepts within a particular discipline, but they must justify that this method is having a positive effect in their classroom as evidenced through student learning. Integration can only be justified when students’ understanding of the content is enhanced (Lonning, 1997).

      This article presents an anecdotal description of a Ohio State University Education program and faculty's attempt to integrate technology in a single course for preservice teachers. It highlights the student population, data sources, study results, developmentally appropriate practices, integrating technology to fit particular concepts and theories of learning, and suggestions for technology meeting the needs of college education programs.


    1. While this article does not deal with technology in adult education, it does discuss several elements needed to make professional development for educators more meaningful. This helps find the learning valuable thereby creating opportunity for them to implement strategies and techniques learned into their own teaching. Rating: 5/5

    1. This article gives us seven tips on how to create a successful learning environment for adults. The takeaway from this article is that adults understand who they are. They are intrinsically motivated and want their learning to be purposeful. Ratings: 4/5

    1. This article discusses the main points of Malcolm Knowles main ideas of adult learning. It also mentions the different styles of learning. Additionally. the ADDIE instructional model is described. I properly constructed the ADDIE model helps merge and implement the different learning styles and needs of the adult learner. Ratings: 3/5

    1. This website details a case study that was performed in order to determine the effectiveness of online advising (a position I am currently involved in myself). There were several studies conducted and student responses are detailed in charts-- overwhelmingly, students felt the online advising format was a success.

      Rating: 10/10

    1. This page has easy-to-follow methods for integrating technology into academic advising practices. Many of the theories listed are quite similar to simply good teaching techniques such as using data to drive instruction and maintaining continuous outreach. Rating: 8/10

    1. This article gives a few quick insights into how technology is useful in academic advising. This article makes the distinction between technology "complementing" advising and actually impacting student success. In other words, technology should never be a sole substitute for success. I would like to see more numerical-based data supporting the claims listed, but there are some great resources cited.

      Rating: 7/10

    1. Even though features of effective PD for technology integration have been identified in research studies (e.g., O’Hara, Pritchard, Huang, & Pella, 2013; Smolin & Lawless, 2011), teachers continue to report technology PD as not effective to support their use of technology in classrooms

      Effective teacher PD should help teachers understand, adapt to, and implement technology into their teaching practice with ease and comfort so as to further support the student learning environment. This paper addresses the various concerns, levels of support, experiences and methodology for effective participation of teachers in technology PD.


    1. Successful schools create “learning communities that are committed to continuous improvement, collective responsibility, and goal alignment” (Learning Forward, 2015a, para. 1), and instructional coaching offers one model of professional development that is focused on improvement through learning communities.

      This paper examines the use of technology, specifically peer video coaching for inservice teachers. The use of technology in coaching is said to offer real time discussions and feedback from coaches around the world improving the traditional model of professional development.


    1. Understanding how people learn, then, should inform the process by which we support learners, both teachers and students, in moving toward that goal.

      This article speaks to the theory and facilitation of professional development through technologies geared towards educators. It provides a scenario study of teachers examining their classroom instructions in order to achieve the desired learning outcomes using a problem based approach. It provides the context, method and use of technology.


    1. Reflection is well suited to situations where students are on placements, internships or otherwise in the workplace. This is because a formal reflection process helps the students to take time to think about what they have learned in their working environment, perhaps with little conscious thought, and how it fits with their existing knowledge from their studies and past experience. The reflections can also help serve as a record of learning that can be drawn upon in later assessments.

      This article provides support to the reflection principle in several learning theories.

    1. 9 themes to explore the multiple ways that Pockets of Innovation are developed and adopted for each of these applications and link to examples from Ontario, Canada and around the world.

      A broad range of publications that present examples of good practices in several aspects of online teaching and learning throughout Canada and around the world.

    1. Today's students grew up in a world where technology is a natural part of their environment. Their expectation is that technology is used whenever appropriate to help them learn, develop essential informational and technological literacy skills, and master the fluency necessary in their specific subject domain.

      This article shares relevant information about pedagogy trends and how such is being shaped by the integration of technology within the teaching and learning experience. It highlights key elements contributing to the development of this 'new' pedagogy, its impact on instructional delivery and course design, as well as three emerging pedagogy trends. Great source for faculty interested in distance education.


  5. s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com
    1. Guiding adults is not easy and requires leaders to adopt a positive strengths-based approach in the way they interact with others. Biech (2007) states that a good leadercan take staff on their ownpersonal journey by establishing relationships with them, having a vision for the changes that need to be made, trusting others, and being trusted as a leader. When people feel they are making a difference in the classroom, they becomemoreinvolved in their workand their job performance improves.

      It's a useful article presents the tips for coaching adults in an workplace environment.

  6. s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com
    1. Technologies are cognitive tools help learners to elaborate on what they are thinkingand to engage in meaningful learning (Jonassen, 2000).

      Using technology as a learning tool, not just new cool thing for students. Technology must be relevant and interactive to the coursework.

    1. educated adults (ISCED 0–2) have lower averagenumeracy scores than intermediate-educatedadults in all countries. Country variation in themean numeracy skills of the two e

      These results are not surprising. Out of the countries they studied, only Japan and Korea are places where I get students from. It would have been helpful to have Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and China on that list! However, the information is still helpful and the information can be extrapolated.

    2. Our anal-yses show that the two features are indeed associ-ated with country differences in the average skillslevels of, and skills gaps between, less- andintermediate-educated individuals

      This information is highly relevant to my teaching context as I have students who have come straight from high school (and some of them from countries where their high school educational system is poor) and other students who have already taken some higher education classes and/or who come from countries with a much more rigorous educational system.

  7. s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com
    1. Formal learningis a learning activity that is structured and sequentially organized in which learners follow a program of study ora series of experiences planned and directed by a teacher or trainer and generally leading to some formal recognition of educational performance, such as a certificate, license, diploma, or degree. Formal adult learning is provided in the system of schools, colleges, universities and other formal educational institutions that constitute a continuous “ladder” of full-time education.Non-formal learningis structured learning that includes activities such as: participation in courses that are not part of a formal educational program; workshops; seminars; private lessons, and guided/organized workplace training. Non-formal learning may take place both within and outside educational institutions. It may cover educational programs to impart adult literacy, adultbasic education, life-skills, work-skills, and general culture. Non-formal learning does not usually follow the “ladder” system that is characteristic of formal learning.Informal learningis learning that is less organized and less structured than either formal or non-formal learning. It involves no (or very little) reliance on pre-determined guidelines for its organization, delivery and assessment, although it must be undertaken with the specific intention to develop some skills or knowledge. Informal learning may include such activities as those that occur in the workplace (e.g., on-the-job training), and any other unstructured learning activities that may occur on a self-directed, family-directed, work-directed, or other basis.Incidental learninghappens randomly and is not intentional or planned. It may occur anywhere at any time. While we recognize that incidental learning may affect outcomes, it is difficult to capture empirically and difficult to influence through policy lev

      This website has a very detailed definition of what adult learning is in several different contexts and would be helpful for defining the kind of adult learning I have in my context, especially since I have two different kinds of adult learners.

    1. Thinking in Multimedia: Research-Based Tips on Designing and Using Interactive Multimedia Curricula.

      This article examines various methods of delivery: multimedia integration, possibly including audio, video, slides, and animation. The recommendation is to carefully consider which online delivery mode matches with the learner, and to be cognizant that not everyone learns in the same manner. Certain topics may be best presented in live videos and not in power-point slides show as meaning may be lost or not delivered correctly. It’s important to follow-up with immediate assessment and feedback to continue to develop effective training.

      RATING: 5/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Instructional Design Strategies for Intensive Online Courses: An Objectivist-Constructivist Blended Approach

      This was an excellent article Chen (2007) in defining and laying out how a blended learning approach of objectivist and constructivist instructional strategies work well in online instruction and the use of an actual online course as a study example.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. How To Create A Mobile App in 10 Easy Steps

      Buildfire is a site that presents how to create a mobile app in 10 easy steps. Site is easy to read and use.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Prezi is a productivity platform that allows for creation, organization, collaboration of presentations. It can be used with either mobile or desktop. Prezi integrates with slack and salesforce. RATING: 5/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. List of web 2.0 applications

      EDUTECH wiki is a site that contains a variety of links to lists to hep educators with web 2.0 applications improving productivity Caution: some of the links are not active!

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. SurveyMonkey

      SurveyMonkey is a FREE survey platform that allows for the collection of responses from targeted individuals that can be easily collected and used to create reports and quantify results. SurveyMonkey can be delivered via email, mobile, chat, web and social media. The platform is easy to use and can be used as an add on for large CRMs such as Salesforce. There are over 100 templates and the ability to develop customized templates to suit your needs. www.surveymonkey.com

      RATING: 5/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Yammer is Web 2.0 software which integrates with Microsoft 360 and allows users to communicate together and across the organization. It essentially functions as social networking software for corporations with the ability to collaborate on projects, maintain task lists, store files, documents and pictures all within a private enterprise network. In addition Yammer allows for the sharing of feedback and the management of group projects. Yammer is freemium software with a variety of custom add-ons. Licenses are currently issued for all learner participants and at this time no custom add-ons are necessary.

      RATING: 5/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Transformation for adults in an Internet-based learningenvironment—is it necessary to be self-directed?

      REDIRECT to this URL Tranformation for adults

      This study explores transformative learning theory (TLT) for adults in the Internet-base learning environment and questions the need for students to be self-directed. The study also includes the Constructivist Internet-based Learning Environment Scale (CILES). The Self-directed Learning Readiness Scale(SDLRS) as modified by Chang (2006) was used to meet the cultural needs of the participants. In conclusion, the results have a high reliability factor and add quantitative research to previous qualitative studies.<br> Further discussion is suggested regarding the technical and emancipatory learning interests on adult online learners.

      RATING: 8/10

    1. Mobile Based User-Centered Learning Environment for Adult Absolute Illiterates

      This study reviewed the education of absolute illiterates globally. It was based on the creation of game-based learning (GBL) which provides a user-friendly learning platform with little cost and little intimidation for the learner. The research also identified 60% of the world's illiterate population residing in rural areas with little access to computers and educational centers. The GBL environments created real world environments that allow learners to practice real-life scenarios in familiar surroundings using 3-D technology. The study also adapted a English language program to meet the needs of various languages. The context of the game is a farmer and a wife then acquire items and count them in their native language. The numbers used in counting are spoken and the game produces the correlating number so the learner becomes familiar with the written form of the letter. In conclusion, the participants identified that the mobile learning was more beneficial than PC applications due to unreliable electrical service at home. The mobile system was also available on demand.and applied to participants real-life usage.

      RATING: 10/10

    1. Older adult learning environment preferences

      Older adult preferences.is a dissertation preview that introduces the dissertation on preference of older adults to attend in person classes weekly for four to six hours.

      The information gleaned from this study is significant for learning designers and course structure. The study also investigated the time and location of the study, and the class make up. This information also warrants further investigation when designing courses for these adults and the success of the program. The dissertation is of value to those who are specifically involved in designing programs for older adults.

      RATING: 8/10


      Spacing effect. of training explores the retention of learning over short and long intervals of learning, particularly in hybrid and distance learning.<br> The study was based on prior studies regarding training and retention and integrated data from the learning management system used by the participants. The study resulted in finding that smaller , more frequent learning over time appears to be more effective than the traditional presentation of mass learning. The study also concluded that much of the time participants spent in learning pertained to language acquisition of foreign language learners and/or new vocabulary.<br> It is also noted that the participants were engaged in learning to support workplace goals, which leads to highly motivated participants.

      RATING 10/10

    1. Dialogue and Difference: Facilitating Difficult Dialogues in the Adult Learning Environment

      Difficult dialogues. Although this is only the preview of the dissertation, the discussion of the role of educators in preparing students to participate in the global marketplace requires understanding of how all individuals interact with divers cultural and social environments. Often discussing important topics and differing perspectives can alleviate fear and misunderstanding. It also serves as a springboard for further investigation.

      The author identified the definitions used to conduct the research and the questions and methods employed in the study.

      The comments that society is becoming increasingly complex and that good communication is necessary to interact with understanding truly impacts educators and students alike.

    1. Blurring the Lines betweenHigh School and College:Early Colleges and the Effecton Adult Learners

      Early College High School

    1. Holographic computing made possible

      Microsoft hololens is designed to enable a new dimension of future productivity with the introduction of this self-contained holographic tools. The tool allows for engagement in holograms in the world around you.

      Learning environments will gain ground with the implementation of this future tool in the learning program and models.

      RATING: 5/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Learning at the CenterA Proposal for Dynamic Assessment in a Combined University and Community Adult Learning Center Course

      Learning Center

    1. Digital Promise

      Digital promise website serves millions of underserved adults in the United States by offering educational resources via technology. With personalized learning and individual pathways, they stand a chance to advance in their careers and lives.

      The site has a network of educators and developers who contribute to the "Beacon Project". As part of this project, the site includes resources across the country that help with support and access to education.

      RATING: 4/5 (rating based upon a score system 1 to 5, 1= lowest 5=highest in terms of content, veracity, easiness of use etc.)

    1. Successful Community College Professional Development Models

      This article discusses some challenges and solutions of providing professional development in community colleges, specific to North Shore Community College, located in Massachusetts.


    1. Both of these learning theories have a place in the spectrum of adult learning for the next generation of learners, however, with the increasing influence of social media and other connecting forces, and with the advent of Smartphone technology, communities are emerging where a clustering occurs of similar affinities (areas of interest), coupled with technology that is allowing an open environment of interaction, sharing, dialoguing and thinking together (Siemens, 2005).

      This article provides comparisons and contrasts between andragogy and transformative learning theory. It examines how the next generation of adults will learn, interact and share, therefore creating a more customized learning experience and adding personal meaning to the lives of the learners. 8/10

    1. “when their (adults) attention is gained and fixed, they soon learn: their age makes no great difference, if they are able, by the help of glasses, to see the letters” (Pole, 1968, p. 3).

      Satisfying an immediate need is a key component of adult learning.

    1. Have We Really Transformed Higher Education?

      A video interview of experts in the field of higher education sharing their views on the changes taking place in education, the impact of digital learning, the degree of transformations taking place because of non-traditional students (adult learners, online, etc.), retention concerns and the need for instructional design services.


    1. The key to teaching adults is understanding how they learn. Focus your attention on the group’s special characteristics. Don’t ignore adults’ needs, insights and skills when planning an educational experience

      A trainer's manual that explains how to effectively engage different types of adult learners and how best they learn. It identifies the 'what's in it for me?' factors, key in motivating adult learners and having them actively participate in their own learning experience.


    1. 9Annotated List of Current Technology ToolsThese technology tools have been used or reviewed by thepresenters. This is not a comprehensive list, but is a good start when choosing tools to engage the adult learner. Note that some of the tools must be purchased or subscribed to; when possible,the presenters have listed a free alternative.

      This provides a list of tools that may be available to use for adult training's, or within a classroom setting. Many of these fall into the self-directed learning category, as they provide more free reign for the students in an online environment. Also included on this page is a list of various "best practices" and focuses on androgogy. The tools provided are also great for proffessional development sessions or for working with adult students.

      Content Depth: 3/5

      Content Breadth: 3/5

      Ease of Access: 4/5