600 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2021
    1. The original critical race theorists argued for the use of a new lens to interpret the past and the present. You can dispute whether or not that lens is useful, or whether you want to look through it at all

      This is an important thing to say about critical race theory when the far conservative right is using it as a cudgel and boogeyman for all of society's problems.

    2. Partisans, especially on the right, now toss around the phrase cancel culture when they want to defend themselves from criticism, however legitimate.

      A solid definition of cancel culture.

  2. Sep 2021
    1. Bounded seasare a context-sensitive extension inspired by island grammars, whichprovides composable, robust, reusable and easy way to extract information fromsource code (see chapter 5).
    1. Proof-of-work methods (e.g. blockchains) are harmful for sustainability (s12y).

      First time I've seen s12y as abbreviation for sustainability.

      Also makes me wonder if I should make sesquipedaliantly into s15y? It would be more fun if it were s18y so that the 18 could refer to 12+6 inches which is a foot and a half matching up with sesquipedalian's root definition.

  3. Aug 2021
    1. I am beginning to think that the significant difference is that with songlines, learning is always done in the physical ‘memory palace’ which is constantly revisited. It can be recalled from memory, but is encoded in place. For me, that is way more effective, but I have aphantasia and very poor visualisation, so it may not be as big a factor for others. So recalling your childhood home can be a memory palace, but not a songline.

      Lynne Kelly is correct here that we need better delineations of the words we're using here.

      To some of us, we're taking historical methods and expanding them into larger super sets based on our personal experiences. I've read enough of Kelly's work and her personal experiences on her website (and that of many others) that I better understand the shorthand she uses when she describes pieces.

      Even in the literature throughout the middle ages and the Renaissance we see this same sort of picking and choosing of methods in descriptions of various texts. Some will choose to focus on one or two keys, which seemed to work for them, but they'd leave out the others which means that subsequent generations would miss out on the lost bits and pieces.

      Having a larger superset of methods to choose from as well as encouraging further explorations is certainly desired.

  4. Jul 2021
    1. Just America is a narrative of the young and well educated, which is why it continually misreads or ignores the Black and Latino working classes.

      the participants of "Just America"

    2. The term identity politics was born in 1977, when a group of Black lesbian feminists called the Combahee River Collective released a statement defining their work as self-liberation from the racism and sexism of “white male rule”:
    3. Real America isn’t a shining city on a hill with its gates open to freedom-loving people everywhere. Nor is it a cosmopolitan club to which the right talents and credentials will get you admitted no matter who you are or where you’re from. It’s a provincial village where everyone knows everyone’s business, no one has much more money than anyone else, and only a few misfits ever move away. The villagers can fix their own boilers, and they go out of their way to help a neighbor in a jam. A new face on the street will draw immediate attention and suspicion.

      A reasonable definition of "Real America".

    1. I’m quite interested in concepts of the “Small Web” and adjacent topics, but it is definitely true that “small web” itself is a vague term that different people use to talk about different kinds of projects. What unites all these different concepts is the kind of web they define themselves against; that kind of bloated, corporate, algorithm-ruled and ad-ridden mess that constitutes the majority of highly-trafficked websites these days.

      It would definitely be better if there were also a proactive, positive definition of what the small web were for rather than against.

      It's better to have definitions in both directions to better delineate what's included and what's excluded.

  5. Jun 2021
    1. a labor-based grading system produces your final course grade by focusing on how much labor, or effort, you do in this course. The more labor you do, the higher your final course grade will be, regardless of what anyone thinks of the products of that labor.

      Definition of a labor-based grading system. It's pretty much what one might suspect.

      The underlying supposition is that doing some work at improvement will help one learn and improve.

      The missing assumptions may include which sorts of work are best? Do they work for some students and not others? What sorts of work for specific tasks might improve performance and output(s)?

    1. There is also a principled critique of meritocracy, although it is far less common. Principled critics argue that any society where socioeconomic reward is based on the principle of “merit” itself is inherently unjust. For them, the ideal of meritocracy is flawed and must be replaced either by radical egalitarianism or a return to aristocracy.

      principled critique of meritocracy

    1. A memex is a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.

      His definition of a Memex is simply a mechanized (or what we would now call digitized) commonplace book, which has a long history in the literature of knowledge management.

      I'll note here that he's somehow still stuck on the mechanical engineering idea of mechanized. Despite the fact that he was the advisor to Claude Shannon, father of the digital revolution, he is still thinking in terms of mechanical pipes, levers, and fluids. He literally had Shannon building a computer out of pipes and fluid while he was a student at MIT.

  6. Apr 2021
    1. The Cozy web is Venkatesh Rao's term for the private, gatekeeper bounded spaces of the internet we have all retreated to over the last few years.
    1. recension




      noun: recension; plural noun: recensions

      a revised edition of a text; an act of making a revised edition of a text.

      Example "under the Carolingians new recensions of the code were made"

      Origin mid 17th century (in the sense ‘survey, review’): from Latin recensio(n- ), from recensere ‘revise’, from re- ‘again’ + censere ‘to review’.

      See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recension

    1. This is the culture that finds the idea of ten year old essays still being relevant so jarring that instead of just referring to collections of these essays as the field’s ‘canon’ they invent a new phrase that’s based on a misunderstanding of a casual heuristic observation: “Lindy Libraries” or “Lindy Media”. Basically, texts that are likely to last as long as they have lasted so far.

      What is a Lindy Library? This is the first reference to it as a "thing" that I've seen.

      Perhaps these references may be useful?

      After a brief look, it appears as if the last is the appropriate reference.

  7. Mar 2021
    1. Retros

      Something about the shortening of retrospectives is bothering me here. While perhaps a useful shorthand, it's bordering on becoming lingo here and really isn't necessary. It's more alienating rather than useful.

    1. The scholars Nick Couldry and Ulises Mejias have called it “data colonialism,” a term that reflects our inability to stop our data from being unwittingly extracted.

      I've not run across data colonialism before.

    1. the IndieWeb, a group of hipsters with websites trying to take down THE MAN (aka the “corporate web”).
    1. Maybe this was the love part of the story: Two people collaborating on a solution to a problem occupying space often unnoticed but always felt.

      A good definition of a love story.

    1. It’s become the preferred platform for men who can’t work in diverse environments without getting calls from HR. 

      This is a damning definition of Substack

    1. Health, argues Illich, is the capacity to cope with the human reality of death, pain, and sickness.

      An off-the-beaten-path definition.

    1. scunnered

      scunnered A Scots word used to mean that you are world weary, down-trodden, and thoroughly bereft of any lust for life when these words and expressions are simply too inadequate to signify the magnitude of your slide into "shitdom". Example: "Having to pay 550 euros to the locksmith on an emergency call out really scunnered him."

    1. I decided I'd make my content available with a CC BY-NC-SA (Attribution, Non-commercial, Share Alike) license, so that people could freely use and adapt my stuff, but would need to cite me as its source, make their content that was based on my work available for free, and slap a similar license on it. This is important, I think, to prevent the materials that educators make and contribute freely to the community STAY FREE. Without these stipulations (NC and SA), it would be possible for a commercial textbook company, for example, to grab the content I've created and add it to their "walled garden" of content which is technically free, but requires an expensive subscription to GET TO. This is a subversion of the Open idea which a lot of commercial publishers have tried, to reduce their cost of content and make themselves seem hip and up to date. The community calls it Openwashing.

      A good description of openwashing. I've seen some examples of the practice in the wild, but should make a note to document some.

    1. Because “open” may face a similar fate as befell “design” and “innovation,” terms that are alternatively inspiring and incomprehensible, both motivation and muddled jargon.

      "Information" is another word that might fit into this group of over-saddled words.

    2. In terms of defining the “open” in open web annotation, I tend to take a standards approach: the Hypothes.is tool is built upon, and our organization advocates for, open standards in web annotation.

      This explanation also highlights an additional idea of open itself. I have heard many in the W3C space criticize the open standard of web annotation arrived at because of the ultimate monoculture of the space. Most of the participants of the process were all related to Hypothes.is in some way and the result was a single product that implemented the standard. To my knowledge no other companies, groups, or individual programmers have separately implemented the standard.

      In this sense, while the "standard" is openly defined, it isn't as open as other standards which were mote slowly evolved and implemented gradually and more broadly by various programming languages and disparate groups.

    1. The practice of throwing a bunch of purloined user names and passwords at various services to see what sticks is known as credential stuffing, and it’s hit the media industry particularly hard in recent years.

      I don't think I've ever seen a name for this practice before.

    1. He introduces the idea of the apophatic: what we can't put into words, but is important and vaguely understood. This term comes from Orthodox theology, where people defined god by saying what it was not.

      Too often as humans we're focused on what is immediately in front of us and not what is missing.

      This same thing plagues our science in that we're only publishing positive results and not negative results.

      From an information theoretic perspective, we're throwing away half (or more?) of the information we're generating. We might be able to go much farther much faster if we were keeping and publishing all of our results in better fashion.

      Is there a better word for this negative information? #openquestions

    1. Drongos are artists, dreamers, goofballs, weirdos, hooligans, fools, outsiders, hedonists, and flaneurs.
    1. "So capitalism created social media. Literally social life, but mediated by ad sellers." https://briefs.video/videos/why-the-indieweb/

      Definition of social media: social life, but mediated by capitalistic ad sellers online.

    1. Ten years later, Reiser & Dempsey (2007) defined instructional design as a “systematic process that is employed to develop education and training programs in a consistent and reliable fashion” (pg. 11).
    2. Instructional Design-as-Science:

      To me, ID sounds more like falling in the art category than science. The art of creating a smooth flow of knowledge generating or skills enhancement throughout a course.

    3. AECT

      Association for Educational Communication I had no idea that such an organization does exist!

  8. Feb 2021
    1. Uber is a "bezzle" – JK Galbraith's name for "the magic interval when a confidence trickster knows he has the money he has appropriated but the victim does not yet understand that he has lost it." Uber is a scam and it will never be profitable.


      related to embezzle?

    1. But it also puts many of my students at risk for stereotype threat, in which students’ performance suffers because they fear their mistakes will be seen as representative of their entire race or gender.
  9. onedrive.live.com onedrive.live.com
    1. squalor.

      the state of being extremely dirty and unpleasant, especially as a result of poverty or neglect

    2. sabbatical

      a period of paid leave granted to a university teacher or other worker for study or travel, traditionally one year for every seven years worked

    3. acrid

      sharp or biting to the taste or smell; bitterly pungent; irritating to the eyes, nose, etc.

    4. circumvention

      the process of avoiding something, especially cleverly or illegally

    5. destitution

      poverty so extreme that one lacks the means to provide for oneself

    6. imminence

      the state or fact of being about to happen

    7. retched


    8. muzzled

      Muzzle (verb) - Prevent someone from expressing themselves freely. (43)

    9. augury

      a sign of what will happen in the future; an omen

    10. indunas

      a tribal councillor or headman

    11. dragnet

      a systematic search for someone or something, especially criminals or criminal activity

    12. ninny

      a foolish and weak person

    13. derisively

      expressing or causing contemptuous ridicule or scorn

    14. consternation

      amazement or dismay that hinders or throws into confusion

    15. insurrection

      an act or instance of revolting against civil authority or an established government

    16. akimbo

      with hands on the hips and elbows turned outwards

    17. irruptions

      a sudden, violent, or forcible entry

    18. casus belli

      an act or situation that provokes or justifies a war

    19. ignominy

      public shame or disgrace

    1. There is one particular similarity between evidentials and hyperlinks I find intriguing, and that is their function as deictics. ‘Deictic’ is the fancy linguist word for ‘pointing’.
    1. We have “limbic capitalism” which “preys on our addicted brains”, with vast amounts of money invested into making sites and apps more addictive so subjects view more adverts, with some people even claiming this has created a new generation with shorter attention spans and less focus and concentration than ever before.

      This is the first time I've seen a reference to limbic capitalism as a term. Not a bad word for the concept.

    1. as the generation of numerous original ideas, we recognize that creative thought involves the selection of appropriate ideas to move forward

      DOI: Creativity defined in two ways; 1st as generation of numerous original ideas, and 2nd as the selection from those ideas of appopriate ideas to move forward.

      Really shows true creativity is found in the 2nd definition and is not just about idea generation but the ability to select the best idea of the list to move forward with, this is creativity.

    1. Innovative learning, on the other hand, refers to becoming familiar with unfamiliar situations that have no clear precedent for action, or with managing familiar situations in better ways, such as seeking alternative solutions to existing problems.

      This innovative learning is clearly important for designers. I think that modifying an existing situation to try and make it better would be far easier than a completely unfamiliar one. This lends itself to more creativity due to no clear previous path.

    1. (1) gaining the attention of the learners, (2) demonstrating the relevance of the instruction to the learners, (3) instilling learners with confidence to succeed with the instruction, and (4) deriving satisfaction when they do.

      This model is a great way to ensure engagement with learners. Specifically part 2 and 3 stuck out to me as key. The second point was that we must demonstrate relevance of instruction. This is fixes that question that always seems to come up, "Why are we doing this if I'll never use it in real life?". Any time I preface a lesson with why we are learning something and how it is necessary in our lives my students always seem to receive it better. Part 3 noted that we must instill confidence to succeed. Giving students the confidence to try hard things is vital to success.

  10. Jan 2021
    1. WhatsApp rose by trapping previously-free beings in their corral and changing their habits to create dependence on masters. Over time, this made it difficult or impossible to return to their previous lifestyle. That process should sound familiar: it’s eerily similar to the domestication of animals. I call this type of vendor lock-in user domestication: the removal of user autonomy to trap users into serving vendors.

      This is a good definition of "user domestication". Such an apt metaphor.

    1. An invisible hand process is at work if individual human action results in some sort of order that was not specifically designed by those individuals pursuing their own ends. But in order for the invisible hand to operate well, institutions need to be in place for otherwise the human action at play could result in chaos (no order at all).
  11. Nov 2020
    1. Moreover, there are strikingly contrasting presuppositions within the social sciences toward culture: Too often, culture is treated as a residual once the “hard” economic, political, and sociological factors are considered. Alternatively, it can become the all-encompassing construct that supposedly explains everything. Similarly, culture is seen as something that either prohibits or accelerates progress, or it becomes a politically innocent reference category to paint over increasingly absent shared values and common narratives

      Culture as a site of contestation!

    1. Yet from the responses to those posts, it’s become clear that for many people, maybe even most, this is not ‘obvious’ at all

      Worth taking a look at the so-called product centric-mindset, the mainstream approach in pretty much every technology startup: people are designing/building/launching/growing the product, in roles such as product manager, product designer, product engineer, product lead, product marketing specialist, etc. Funny paradoxical thing is that many of these businesses can be characterised to have a SaaS business model, as in Software-as-a-Service.

      When we take a closer look at the Service Design community, we will often hear that "Everything is a service" as these days every product is bundled into a service.

      I came across quite a few times about the Rolls Royce case study presenting the aero-engine business model: aircraft engine business model - Google Search

  12. Oct 2020
    1. interlocutor

      person who takes part in conversation

    2. re-lational artifact, a computational object explicitly designed to engage a user in a re-lationship

      relational artifact = for user relationship

    3. watershed




  13. Aug 2020
  14. Jul 2020
    1. DESIGN is the creation of a plan to build an object, system, or human interaction. DIVERSITY is quantitative. It’s the composition of different people represented in what you make, and the decision makers on your team. INCLUSION speaks to the quality of the experience you’ve designed for these diverse folks, so they experience themselves as leaders and decision makers. EQUITY lives in how we design our systems and processes; the way we work, and who we work with, so we are upholding our commitment to diversity and inclusion. FRAMEWORKS are the basic structures that enable complex systems to function. MISREPRESENTED COMMUNITIES are communities that have been defined by dominant culture, denied the ability to define themselves on their own terms, and are therefore falsely or narrowly represented. We use this instead of “underrepresented” or “marginalized,” because those identifiers again center the POV of dominant culture.

      I love these definitions and want to remember them

  15. Jun 2020
    1. Bob Bickford, computer and video guru, defined the true essence of the hacker as “Any person who derives joy from discovering ways to circumvent limitations.”
  16. Apr 2020
    1. Ces technologies se définissent par leur capacité d’offrir des expériences sexuelles qui sont intenses, immersives et non dépendantes d’un partenaire humain.

      Cette caractérisation de la deuxième vague nécessite une définition plus approndit. Suivant cette description, les technologies sexuelles regroupent une large gamme de technologie, tel que la pornographie. Hors la pornographie existait bien avant le début de la deuxième vague, et n'est pas une réelle "sexualité informatique". Pour être plus clair, l'auteur pourrait définir la deuxième vague de technologie sexuelle, les digisexuels comme étant les personnes qui favorisent le lien et les rapports artificiels / virtuels aux connections humaines.

  17. Feb 2020
    1. The term ‘social media’ takes on different meanings depending on what concept of the social is foregrounded. Example understandings of the social are Émile Durkheim’s concept of social facts, Max Weber’s categories of social action and social relations, Ferdinand Tönnies’ notion of community or Karl Marx’s understanding of the social as social problems and social co-production that implies the need for social ownership

      Understanding and contextualizing social media

    1. multilingual to refer to students who might speak a language other than English as their first language, speak multiple lan-guages fluently, or perhaps speak multiple dialects of English

      multilingual writer definition

  18. Dec 2019
  19. Oct 2019
    1. ormed into an association and endowed by law with the rights and liabilities of an individual

      thanks citizens united

  20. Jun 2019
    1. Taken together, the main purpose of principal component analysis is to: identify hidden pattern in a data set, reduce the dimensionnality of the data by removing the noise and redundancy in the data, identify correlated variables
    2. Principal component analysis is used to extract the important information from a multivariate data table and to express this information as a set of few new variables called principal components.
    1. The result of standardization (or Z-score normalization) is that the features will be rescaled so that they’ll have the properties of a standard normal distribution with μ=0μ=0\mu = 0 and σ=1σ=1\sigma = 1 where μμ\mu is the mean (average) and σσ\sigma is the standard deviation from the mean
  21. May 2019
    1. vestibule

      "A chamber or hall immediately between the entrance-door and the interior of a building or house, to which it gives admittance; an ante-chamber, entrance-hall, or lobby" (OED).


    2. shrubbery

      "A plantation of shrubs; a plot planted with shrubs" (OED).


    3. copse

      "A thicket of small trees or underwood periodically cut for economic purposes" (OED).


    4. Hertfordshire

      County directly North of London

    5. annum.

      For each year (used in financial contexts)

      Oxford Dictionary: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/per_annum

    6. ensigncy

      "The rank or position of an ensign in the army" (OED).

    7. entail

      "Law. The action of entailing; the state of being entailed. The settlement of the succession of a landed estate, so that it cannot be bequeathed at pleasure by anyone possessor; the rule of descent settled for any estate; the fixed or prescribed line of devolution" (OED).

    8. guinea

      "A gold coin issued in England from 1663 to 1813 and worth one pound and one shilling" (OED).

    9. connubial

      "Of or pertaining to marriage, or the married state; nuptial, matrimonial" (OED).

    10. hackney-coach

      "A four-wheeled coach for hire, typically drawn by two horses and with seating for six passengers" (OED).

    11. acutely

      "In relation to the senses or emotions: keenly, delicately; sharply, intensely, poignantly. Now frequently with aware, conscious" (OED).

    12. quitting

      "To set free, relinquish, or leave" (OED).

    13. turnpikes

      "A barrier placed across a road to stop passage till the toll is paid; a toll-gate" (OED).

    14. review

      "An inspection of military or naval forces; esp. a ceremonial display and formal inspection of troops or the fleet by a monarch, commander-in-chief, or high-ranking visitor" (OED).

    15. gaming

      "The action or practice of playing games, as cards, dice, etc., for stakes" (OED).

      Also known as gambling.

    16. dilatory

      "Tending to cause delay; made for the purpose of gaining time or deferring decision or action" (OED).

    17. licentiousness

      "Disregarding commonly accepted rules, deviating freely from correctness, esp. in matters of grammar or literary style; overstepping customary limits" (OED).

    1. curricle

      Unlike a carriage, which is four-wheeled; a curricle is two-wheeled. Both are drawn by horses and this picture showcases how lavish a curricle can be.

    2. livery

      This picture showcases that a livery is very fine and elegant. An emphasis is focused on the fancy standard that is within the uniform's conception.

    3. Amazed at the alteration in his manner since they last parted

      "Amazed" may hold a different meaning and provide a different perspective, as the Oxford English Dictionary defines the word as: "To put out of one's wits; to stun or stupefy, as by a blow on the head; to infatuate, craze".

    4. gaudy

      Excessive, glaringly showy or tastelessly fine (OED).

    5. impropriety

      The quality of being improper; unsuitable, inappropriate, or unfit (OED).

    6. affable

      To be easy to converse with, good-natured; approachable, courteous when dealing with people of equal or lower status (OED).

    7. enlarging

      “ To widen, render more comprehensive (a person's thoughts, sympathies, affections); to expand, increase the capacity of (the mind)” (OED).

    8. illiberal

      “Narrow-minded,without liberal culture, unscholarly; [...] unrefined" (OED).

    9. countenance

      "To assume or have a certain demeanour or attitude; to comport oneself" (OED).

    10. fancy

      "Delusive imagination; hallucination = fantasy" (OED).

    11. diffidence

      "Lack of confidence or faith in someone or something; distrust; mistrust, misgiving, doubt" (OED).

    12. perturbation;

      "The fact or condition of being mentally perturbed; mental or spiritual agitation or disturbance" (OED).

    13. eminence

      "An elevation on the earth's surface; a hill" (OED).

    14. quarter

      "Without reference to locality: a particular but unspecified area, person, or part of a community, esp. regarded as a source of something" (OED).

    15. essentials

      "Essence (...) or intrinsic nature" (OED).

    16. saloon

      “A room, more or less elegantly furnished, used for the reception of guests; a drawing-room” (OED).

    17. pathetic

      "Arousing sadness, compassion, or sympathy" (OED).

    18. comprehended

      "Included in the same category" (OED).

    19. rage

      "Of a passion, feeling, or appetite: to have or reach a high degree of intensity" (OED).

    20. prospect

      "The appearance presented by anything" (OED).

    1. borrowed feathers

      "Feathers are used as a symbol of honor" (OED). Mrs. Gardiner relief to be able to tell the truth for her husband, and take away the false mark of honor.

    2. curricle

      "A light two-wheeled carriage, usually drawn by two horses abreast" (OED).

    3. sermon

      "A discourse, usually delivered from a pulpit and based upon a text of Scripture, for the purpose of giving religious instruction or exhortation" (OED).

    4. covies

      "A brood or hatch of partridges; a family of partridges keeping together during the first season" (OED). Also spelled as covey.

    5. She sat intently at work

      "Work done with a needle; spec. the art or practice of sewing or embroidery. Also: sewn or embroidered items collectively" (OED).

      A lady can continue her light needlework during morning calls, but all other activities must be stopped at the entrance of guests.<br> http://www.mrsbeeton.com/01-chapter1.html

    6. prodigiously

      " Wonderfully, amazingly; (also) to a great extent or degree; extremely, immensely; prolifically, copiously" (OED).

    7. phaeton

      "A four-wheeled open carriage, usually drawn by a pair of horses" (OED).

    8. wild

      "Of persons (or their attributes): Uncivilized, savage; uncultured, rude; also, not accepting, or resisting, the constituted government; rebellious. Sometimes with implication of sense" (OED).

    9. vestibule

      "A chamber or hall immediately between the entrance-door and the interior of a building or house, to which it gives admittance; an ante-chamber, entrance-hall, or lobby" (OED).

    10. the regulars

      "A soldier belonging to the permanent professional armed forces of a country; a member of the regular army" (OED). Wickham has moved from his position in the militia, to a permanent position in the military after his marriage to Lydia.

    1. arrear

      "That wherein one has fallen behind. A duty or liability overdue and still remaining undischarged, esp. a debt remaining unpaid." (OED).

    2. copse;

      "A thicket of small trees or underwood periodically cut for economic purposes" (OED)

    3. drawing-room,

      "A room to withdraw to, a private chamber attached to a more public room now a room reserved for the reception of company, and to which the ladies withdraw from the dining-room after dinner" (OED).

      Photo Credit

    4. waiting-woman

      " A female servant, or personal attendant "(OED).

    5. dining-parlour

      “If there was a dining room, it was most often used for formal dinners; the family usually had their meals in a ‘breakfast parlour’ or ‘morning room.” (http://www.jasna.org/persuasions/printed/number12/sutherland2.htm )

      Photo Credit

    6. chaise-and-four

      "To take chaise: to use a chaise as a means of conveyance. A chaise and pair, four, six. A chaise drawn by a pair, four, or six horses" (OED).

      Photo Credit

    7. gentlemanlike manner.

      "A man of birth; a man of extraction, though not noble; between the gentlemen and the peasants" (Johnson)

    8. properly sanctioned

      “Allowed by Authority” Marriages must be recognized by both law and God to be proper (OED).

    9. retrospections

      "A survey or review of past acts or events, esp. with reference to a particular subject or sphere" (OED).

    10. abhorrence

      "detestation, hatred, repugnance. Also: a feeling of repugnance or loathing" (OED).

    11. intreaty

      "An earnest or humble request. Also: the action of making such a request; supplication"(OED).

      Jane Austen uses the archaic form of entreaty.

    12. philosophy.

      "In extended use: a set of opinions or ideas held by an individual or group; a theory or attitude which acts as a guiding principle for behaviour; an outlook or world view" (OED).

    13. scruple

      "A thought or circumstance that troubles the mind or conscience; a doubt, uncertainty or hesitation in regard to right and wrong, duty, propriety, etc.; esp. one which is regarded as over-refined or over-nice, or which causes a person to hesitate where others would be bolder to act. Often, scruple of conscience" (OED).

    14. annexed

      "Added, attached, or appended as subordinate or supplementary; subjoined; rendered subject" (OED).

    15. mirth

      "Laughter" (OED).

    16. pin-money

      "A wife’s pocket money" (Johnson).

    17. epithet.

      "A word or phrase describing someone or something's character or most important quality" (OED).

    18. fix

      "To settle definitely" (OED).

    19. avowed

      "To declare with confidence, to justify" (Johnson).

    20. assiduously

      "Diligently, continually" (Johnson).

    21. approbation

      "The act of proving true; confirmation, attestation, proof; the action of formally or authoritatively declaring good or true; sanction" (OED).

    22. befall

      "To happen to; to become of" (Johnson).

    23. heretofore

      "Before this time, before now, in time past, formerly" (OED).

    1. obeisance

      "The action of obeying, such as bowing or curtsying, to show respect" (OED).

    2. diminution

      "The action of diminishing or making less; the process of diminishing or becoming less" (OED).

    3. profusion

      "An abundance or large quantity of something" (OED).

    4. perusal

      "Reading through or over something" (OED).

    5. approbation

      "Approval or praise" (OED).

    6. profligacy

      "Licentious or dissolute behavior, debauchery; sexual promiscuity" (OED).

    7. penitent

      "Feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong" (OED).

    8. err

      "To fail; to miss" (OED).

    9. chaise

      "A horse-drawn carriage for one or two people, typically with an open top and two wheels" (OED).

    10. parsonage

      "A church house provided for a member of the clergy" (OED).

    11. condescension

      "An attitude of patronizing superiority; disdain" (OED).

    12. abode

      "A place of residence; a house or home" (OED).

    1. rencontre

      French. Used in the 1800s as a variant form of rencounter. "To encounter or meet, usually under negative circumstances" (OED).

    2. haunt

      "A place in which one is frequently found; habit of being in a certain place" (Johnson).

      • A Dictionary of the English Language, Volume 1 By Samuel Johnson, John Walker, Robert S. Jameson
    3. forbearance

      "Patient self-control; restraint and tolerance" (OED).

    4. ill-breeding

      "Bad or inferior breeding or bringing up; hence, Bad manners, rudeness" (OED).

    5. learnt

      "To acquire knowledge" (OED).

    6. drawing-room

      "A room to withdraw to, a private chamber attached to a more public room (see withdrawing-room n.); now, a room reserved for the reception of company, and to which the ladies withdraw from the dining-room after dinner" (OED).

    7. thither

      "Also, 'hither,' to go to and fro; to move about in various directions" (OED).

    8. ladyship

      "The state or condition of being a lady; the rank, status, or authority of a lady" (OED).

    9. connivance

      "Voluntary blindness; pretended ignorance; forbearance" (Johnson).

    10. preferment

      "Advancement to a higher station" (Johnson). In this case, the clergy living of Pemberly.

    11. legacy

      "A particular thing given by last will or testament" (Johnson).

    12. repugnance

      "Reluctance; unwillingness, struggle of opposite passion" (Johnson).

    13. open

      "Not wearing disguise; clear; artless; sincere" (Johnson).

    14. wantonly

      "Laviciously; frolicksomely; gayly; sportively; carelessly" (Johnson).

    15. Wilfully

      "Obstinately; stubbornly" or "by design, on purpose" (Johnson).

    16. through

      "From one end of side to another" (Johnson).

    17. haughty

      "Proud; lofty; insolent; arrogant; contemptuous" (Johnson).

    18. degradation

      "Lowering in honour, estimation, social position, etc.; the state or condition of being so lowered" (OED).

    19. imputing

      "To set to the credit of; to ascribe or reckon to" (OED).

    20. intentions

      "Purposes in respect of a proposal of marriage" (OED).

    21. unalloyed

      "To qualify or diminish (a pleasure, feeling, etc.) by the admixture of something unpleasant; to contaminate or adulterate" (OED).

    22. unqualified

      "Lacking the qualities, attributes, or accomplishments required to be or do something; not having the necessary qualifications" (OED).

    23. impelled

      "To drive, force, or constrain (a person) to some action, or to do something, by acting upon his mind or feelings; to urge on, incite" (OED).

    24. derision

      "The action of deriding or laughing to scorn; ridicule, mockery" (OED).

    25. caprice

      "A sudden change or turn of the mind without apparent or adequate motive; a desire or opinion arbitrarily or fantastically formed; a freak, whim, mere fancy" (OED).

    26. censure

      "An adverse judgement, unfavourable opinion, hostile criticism; blaming, finding fault with, or condemning as wrong; expression of disapproval or condemnation" (OED).

    27. inferiority of your connexions? — to congratulate myself on the hope of relations, whose condition in life is so decidedly beneath my own?”

      Connexions - "Relationship by family ties, as marriage or distant consanguinity. Often with a and plural" (OED).

      Technically, Mr. Darcy and the Bennet family are from the same class, the gentry, but he has better connections. Mr. Darcy is related to Lady Catherine De Bourgh who holds the highest title a woman can have within the Gentry class. Comparatively, the Bennet's are related to the Gardiners, who are in a class below the gentry, the professional class.

    28. veracity.

      "Agreement of statement or report with the actual fact or facts; accordance with truth; correctness, accuracy" (OED).

    29. remonstrance

      "A protestation, an objection; an expression of disapproval or disagreement; a warning against a particular course of action" (OED).

    30. verdure

      "The fresh green colour characteristic of flourishing vegetation; greenness, viridity" (OED).

    31. turnpike-road.

      "A road on which turnpikes are or were erected for the collection of tolls; hence, a main road or highway, formerly maintained by a toll levied on cattle and wheeled vehicles" (OED).

      The Bayswater Turnpike, Paul Sandby, 1731-1809, undated (Artstor).

    32. abhorrence

      "An object of disgust; a loathed or detested thing. Also: that which causes hatred or repugnance" (OED).

    33. disapprobation

      "Disapproval; the action of feeling or expressing censure; (in later use) esp. strong moral disapproval. Also: an instance of this" (OED).

    34. tumult

      "Disapproval; the action of feeling or expressing censure; (in later use) esp. strong moral disapproval. Also: an instance of this" (OED).

    35. recital

      "An account or detailed description of a fact, incident, etc." (OED).

    36. conciliate

      "To gain (goodwill, esteem, etc.) by acts which soothe, pacify, or induce friendly feeling" (OED).