374 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. Mar 2024
    1. other studies have shown that people in CNM relationships (mainly swingers) report higher levels of excitement and lower levels of boredom (Bergstrand & Williams, 2000; Gilmartin, 1974; Murstein et al., 1985). They are also characterized by stronger social bonds and lower levels of anomie as compared to monogamous people (Gilmartin, 1974). Research also indicates a stronger ability to cope with jealousy in people who engage in CNM relationships

      differences /b/ poly and mono people: CNM people = m+ excited, l- bored, stronger social bonds, less anomie, less jealousy

    2. certain differences between people who enter CNM relationships and those who prefer sexually and emotionally exclusive relationship models. Studies claim that people who choose the latter relationship styles have more positive childhood memories (Gilmartin, 1974) and maintain closer relations with their families (Gilmartin, 1974; Twichell, 1974) than people who have nonmonogamous relationships. Some research also indicates that people in CNM relationships seek psychological help more often

      there is some =/ /b/ poly and mono people : mental health, childhood memory, family relationships

    3. The groups score similarly on personality traits scales (Twichell, 1974; Watson, 1981), and on mental health indicators such as alienation, depression, anxieties and phobias, life satisfaction, self-esteem, neuroticism, paranoid ideations, psychoticism and hopelessness

      people are actually quite the same, there's not something wrong with them

    1. 6:15 "born this way" versus "soziales konstrukt" ... nature versus nurture.<br /> siehe auch: calhoun experiments on overpopulation, universe 25, 1958<br /> bei übervölkerung sieht man in städten (in zentren) "dekadenz" und "sittenverfall" ...<br /> also aggression, homosexualität, kaputte familien (mütter lassen ihre kinder verhungern), ...<br /> und am rand der städte sieht man "the beautiful ones" (aussteiger, einsiedler, einzelgänger)<br /> die komplett alleine bleiben, und den ganzen tag ihr fell pflegen.<br /> (die beautiful ones sind die führer, avantgarde, pioniere, ... die einen neuen lebensraum suchen wollen,<br /> aber die am rand vom mauskäfig blockiert werden)

    1. For nature so prepost'rously to err,

      Fundamental problem: Othello x Desdemona is unnatural and bending the laws of nature -- but Brabantio alienated diminishes this idea in the mind of the reader.

    2. Is of so flood-gate and o'erbearing natureThat it engluts and swallows other sorrowsAnd it is still itself.

      Exaggerated emotions in the form of water and nature -- what could this mean? ALSO, Shows the role of emotion in this political setting, which is a recurring motif of overlap in personal and political decisions that runs throughout. How do you make a good ruler, leader who does not impulsively use personal emotion to decide in political circumstances? Reminds me of Hitler

    1. In Frankreich beginnt in dieser Woche eine öffentliche Debatte um ein großes lithium-bergbauprojekt im zentralmassiv. Der umfassende Artikel beleuchtet eine Vielzahl von Aspekten des lithium-Abbaus und der zunehmenden Opposition dagegen, die eng mit dem Kampf gegen die individuelle motorisierte Mobilität verbunden ist. https://www.liberation.fr/environnement/climat/course-au-lithium-made-in-france-une-opportunite-a-saisir-ou-un-mirage-ecologique-20240310_FQOVXTBNKJC5NJ7EZI2UQKOAIY/in

  3. Feb 2024
    1. “How do you like it?” he asked the serving-man.“Roses occasionally suffer from black spot.”“These roses are guaranteed free from any imperfections.”“It is always advisable to purchase goods with guarantees, even if they cost slightly more.”

      Humans reject any imperfection, even if it means, in this case, a more artificial rose. The last sentence could be a subtle commentary on human nature and our pursuit of both perfection and security. 

    1. Die globale Erhitzung trifft die Bevölkerung in der Nähe des Titicacasees vor allem aufgrund der Verlandung des Sees. Übernutzung des Wassers in den Zuflüssen der Umgebung wirkt dabei verstärkend. Fiscchfang und Formen der traditionellen Landwirtschaft wie der Kartoffelanbau funktionieren zunehmend weniger, so dass z.B. auf Milchwirtschaft mit Zufütterung von Soja umgestiegen wird. Reportage zu den komplexen ökologisch-sozialen Veränderungen. https://taz.de/Klimawandel-in-Lateinamerika/!5989226/

    1. Sizilien leidet gerade unter extremer Trockenheit, die zu großen Einbußen bei der Orangenernte führt. Sie gehört zu einem anhaltenden Prozess der Aridifizierung, durch den sich die Bedingungen in Sizilien immer mehr denen im heutigen Algerien annähern. Ausführlicher Bericht in der Repubblica über die mangelnde Vorbereitung der Region auf zunehmenden Wasserstress, unter anderem die mangelnde Aufgeschlossenheit für die Regeneration von Böden und Gewässern, wie sie das Nature Restoration Law der EU vorsieht. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/dossier/siccita--gestione-acqua/2024/02/08/news/siccita_sicilia_arance-422075670/

  4. Jan 2024
    1. in hishistory of such ideas, Darwin Among the Machines, George Dysonwarns: “In the game of life and evolution there are three players at thetable: human beings, nature, and machines. I am firmly on the side ofnature. But nature, I suspect, is on the side of the machines.”
    1. LET'S LEARN FROM THE ANTS

      This post discusses the importance of unity, love, respect, and preparation, using ants as a role model, in order to achieve success in life.

    2. LET'S LEARN FROM THE ANTS
      • Who: The author (West Africa Curation), @oxygen02 (illustration), and the Ants.
      • What: Learning from the Ants' love, unity, respect, and preparation.
      • Where: Africa.
      • Why: To achieve greater things in life
      • How: By observing and emulating the Ants' behavior and characteristics.
    1. These can then be used to develop a definition that states the essence of the living thing—what makes it what it is and thus cannot be altered; the essence is, of course, immutable.
    2. The Aristotelian method dominated classification until the 19th century. His scheme was, in effect, that the classification of a living thing by its nature—i.e., what it really is, as against superficial resemblances—requires the examination of many specimens, the discarding of variable characters (since they must be accidental, not essential), and the establishment of constant characters.
  5. Dec 2023
    1. Durch einen 1,4 Milliarden Euro Deal besteht die Möglichkeit, die Doñana-Region in Andalusien, Europas größtes Feuchtgebiet, zu bewahren. Die Gegend, zu der einen Nationalpark gehört, leidet vor allem unter Wasser Stress. Der Deal soll einen auch symbolisch wichtigen Konflikt beenden, bei dem konservative und reaktionäre politische Kräfte die Bauern unterstützt hatten, die illegal Wasser für Erdbeer- und Himbeer-Anbau verwendet haben. Die spanische Umweltministerin Teresa Ribeira erklärt ausführlich Prinzipien einer Green transition, die so durchgeführt wird, dass die Lebensbedingungen in einer Region verbessert werden und die Bevölkerung sie unterstützt. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/dec/27/spain-environment-minister-hails-andalucia-wetlands-deal-green-transition

    1. Na-ture, from being specialist, has becomeworld-conscious, so that now it is almosthaunted week by week by the question:"What are we to do, before it is too late,to make what we know and our way ofthinking effective in world affairs?"
    1. I think part and you see this kind of delicate dance that when things are going uh uh too slow so people vote in a more 00:25:29 liberal Administration that will speed things up and will be more creative Bolder in its social experiments and when things go too fast then you say okay liberals you had your chance now 00:25:41 let's bring the conservatives to slow down a little and and have a bit of of a breath
      • for: insight - conservative vs liberal - speed of sdopting social norm

      • insight

        • liberals are voted in to speed up adoption of a new social -
        • conservatives are voted in to slow down the acceptance of a social norm
        • paradoxically, humans have both a conservative and a liberal nature. We naturally have a tendency to both conserve and to try new things.
  6. Nov 2023
    1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9fP4zFQMXSw

      The fun things usually happen at the messy edges. This description of zettelkasten is a perfect encapsulation of this, though it's not necessarily on the surface.

      This is a well done encapsulation of what a zettelkasten. Watch it once, then practice for a bit. Knowing the process is dramatically different from practicing it. Too many people want perfection (perfection for them and from their perspective) and they're unlikely to arrive at it by seeing examples of others. The examples may help a bit, but after you've seen a few, you're not going to find a lot of insight without practicing it to see what works for you.

      This could be compared with epigenetic factors with respect to health. The broad Rx may help, but epigenetic factors need to be taken into account.

    1. Zum stark verwässerten und wenig verbindlichen Renaturierungsgesetz der EU stellt die taz fest, die EU sei als verlässliche Partnerin für die ökologische Transformation ausgefallen. Es bleibt nur noch die kommunale Ebene. https://taz.de/Schwaches-EU-Renaturierungsgesetz/!5972203/

    1. In dem sogenannten Trilog-Verfahren haben sich Vertreter:innen des europäischen Parlaments und der europäischen Kommission auf eine endgültige Version des Nature Restoration Laws geeinigt, durch die bis 2030 20% der Land- und Wasserflächen der-unter Schutz gestellt bzw. wiederhergestellt werden sollen. Vor allem aufgrund des Einflusses der europäischen Volkspartei wurde die von der Kommission vorgelegte Version des Gesetzes stark verwässert. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/nov/10/eu-strikes-landmark-deal-nature-restoration-law

    1. : Why do you think it is so hard for people to awaken to the true nature of things, even after being told of scientific research or after having a personal experience of no-self? FV: My hypothesis is that evolution has shaped human beings to disregard the basic sources of our being. We were built to forget how we were put together.
      • for: evolution - forgetting our non-self nature, adjacency - evolution - non-self - Fransisco Verella, adjacency - evolution - no-self - Fransisco Verella

      • adjacency between

        • evolution
        • non-self
        • Francisco Verella
      • adjacency statement
        • Verella makes the interesting claim that evolution designer is to be blind to our lack of self
        • in fact, major evolutionary transitions in individuality embed the creation of a new higher order individual at each major stage of transition.
        • More fundamentally, major evolutionary transitions to individuals at each level need to define a biological self through a new physiological boundary between what constitutes a new unitary individual "self" (our inner world) and the rest of the environment ( our new outer world)
        • It will be interesting to see how Verella's claim reconcile with that
    1. The law of nature allows us to regulate our own action, but also allows each to regulate others: if some people violate this natural law, each and every one of us can put ourselves in the position of a judge and punish the offender

      laws to control the state of nature

    2. critics argue that human beings act based on their passions and desires rather than reason.

      such as Hobbes

    3. individuals own themselves and their bodies, which gives them freedom.

      right to your own body only, not others

    4. the laws of nature, which forbid us from harming others or their property, provide a form of order in the state of nature.

      property is accepted into normal life, compared to life

    5. humans are essentially rational beings and can live in peace with each other without a strong government.

      more optimistic view of human nature, but still focused on rationality and reason (enlightenment values).

    6. Locke believed that humans could live peacefully with each other and regulate themselves according to natural laws, even without a governing power

      state of nature isn't necessarily needing to be solved by bringing in a common power

  7. Oct 2023
    1. but individuals have an obligation to obey the ruler regardless of any specific agreemen

      blurry idea of consent means that transition from state of war/nature to good society is not so clear after all?

    2. fear can lead people to give their consent to the sovereign

      isnt that just cont the state of nature/war as fear

    3. nternational anarchy and the lack of barriers to expansion may have contributed to the relegation of Indigenous peoples outside the community of states.

      realism

    4. tion's population becomes too large for its institutions to support, it is acceptable for them to establish colonies elsewhere
    5. acial hierarchy
    6. Hobbes believed that before governments were established, people had the right to do whatever they needed to survive.This idea could be used to justify colonialism and expansion

      but isnt he saying its bad??

    7. state of nature and how it relates to international relations

      realism anarchy

    8. natural parental authority and the rights of mothers.

      this is interesting cos not only does he include the personal into the political which seems a bit contradictory, but also in his awful state of nature i would argue that women still occupy similar roles so what does this have to do with his perfect society?

    9. aws of nature are consistent with Christian teachings
    10. desires for the greater good.

      does this really fit with previous assertions of self-interest. what research did this guy do?

    11. moral system proposed by Hobbes

      moral system based upon human nature what now??

    12. reason and the pursuit of peace

      colonial perception of human nature based on reason and rationality.

    13. ere is constant insecurity and no room for progress or civilization

      idea of progress and civilisation is still in use today in histeographical books and promotes a colonial view of the world

    14. umans had equal rights to everything, even if someone else took something first

      right to nature

    15. ntial threat to each other and there is no way to generate a hierarchy or enforceable moral standards.

      but how does this sovereign come about then?

    16. state of nature where there is no political power and life is characterized by conflict and equality.
    17. mechanism like the state is needed to enforce common terms and definitions about the world

      having a state, a sovereign gives meaning to things, without it there is nothing meaningful so anything (bad) can happen

    18. cooperation between people can only happen if it is in their self-interest
    19. ception of the world is influenced by physical stimuli and that there is no universal or objective experience of things.Our responses to the world are unique to us and influenced by how our bodies react to stimuli.Hobbes believed that all human actions are driven by our passions and desires.

      he does acknowledge the influence of other things on us so it is kind of convincing

    20. rong government, there would be constant war and death

      no one to lead

    1. this Earth shot as we call it that we're aiming for at Earth species project is for machine learning to decode non-human communication and then that new knowledge and understanding that results 00:06:42 from that would reset our relationship with the rest of Nature and you know this is a to me a really compelling as a potential unlock in addressing the biodiversity and climate crisis that 00:06:56 we're saying to help us find new ways to Coexist on the planet with other species
      • for: quote, quote - ESP, quote - interspecies communication, quote - Katie Zacarian, interspecies communication, reconnecting with nature, Stop Reset Go

      • quote

        • this Earth shot as we call it that we're aiming for at Earth species project is for
          • machine learning to decode non-human communication and then
          • that new knowledge and understanding that results from that would RESET our relationship with the rest of Nature
        • and you know this is a to me a really compelling as a potential unlock in addressing the
          • biodiversity and
          • climate crisis
        • that we're saying to help us find new ways to Coexist on the planet with other species
    1. Die Extremwetter-Ereignisse dieses Jahres entsprechen den Vorhersagen der Klimawissenschaft. Der Guardian hat dazu zahlreichende Forschende befragt und viele Statements in einem multimedialen Artikel zusammengestellt. Alle Befragten stimmen darin überein, dass die Verbrennung fossiler Brennstoffe sofort beendet werden muss, um eine weitere Verschlimmerung zu stoppen. Festgestellt wird auch, dass die Verwundbarkeit vieler Communities bisher unterschätzt worden ist. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/aug/28/crazy-off-the-charts-records-has-humanity-finally-broken-the-climate

  8. Sep 2023
    1. n the autumn, as the meadows were not mown, the grass withered as it stood, falling this way and that,

      even though human society has been largely wiped out, there is a beautifulness in the way that the dystopian landscape is described.

    1. It was a radically different idea of nature and a radically different idea of the Unconscious—which were for Jung, the same thing. The Unconscious was no more than the inwardness of nature. For Freud it was the reject-matter of civilization, and the whole purpose of his psychology was to enable men to reject it more firmly. For Jung, the Unconscious was Mother; and the Oedipus myth was concerned with man’s troubled relationship (for he has to leave her) to that great, unconscious source.

      Unconscious as nature (“mother”) for Jung — awfulness of humanity, repressed, for Freud

  9. Aug 2023
    1. Adam Smith stated the case long ago: "A man withoutthe proper use of the intellectual faculties of a man, is, ifpossible, more contemptible than even a coward, and seemsto be mutilated and deformed in a still more essential part ofthe character of human nature."

      This seems apropos to the situation in which I view Donald J. Trump.

  10. Jul 2023
    1. here's also a kind of Shadow side to this approach which is which we could call maybe religios as opposed to religious in in 00:03:51 English it's religious o-s-e adjective and um this is very very common actually in ecological language whether it's in newspapers or books or anything music art anything that says that there needs 00:04:05 to be a very profound sudden massive change in ourselves um is is I think a dangerous
      • for: progress trap, unintended consequence, ecological realization, ecological awakening
        • claim
          • the idea that we need a profound, sudden and massive change in ourselves in a dangerous notion
          • comment
            • why?
            • it presumes we have a deficit as an ecological being
            • when in actual fact, we cannot be otherwise
            • so instead, our job is to awaken our already ecological nature
            • by this, we mean our deep, intrinsic ecological nature as ecological (interdependent) beings
            • we humans have a strange and very limited kind of interdependence, which is exploitative to other people and other species
            • we have to become aware of that culturally conditioned limitation
    1. Der Standard interviewt den deutschen Ökologen Josef Settele zum Renaturierungsgesetz der EU. Settele gehört zu den 6000 Wissenschaftlerinnen, die sich in einem offenen Brief für die Verabschiedung des Gesetzes ausgesprochen haben. Er bedauert, dass es Abstriche beim Schutz von Ökosystemen gab und weist darauf hin, das mit diesem Gesetz die Verpflichtung zum Schutz von 30% der Gesamtfläche noch bei weitem nicht erfüllt ist. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000179484/das-gesetz-sichert-unsere-ern228hrung

      Offener Brief von 6000 Wissenschaftler:innen zur Unterstützung des Nature Restoration Law: https://zenodo.org/record/8128624

  11. bafybeihzua2lldmlutkxlie7jfppxheow6my62x2qmywif2wukoswo5hqi.ipfs.w3s.link bafybeihzua2lldmlutkxlie7jfppxheow6my62x2qmywif2wukoswo5hqi.ipfs.w3s.link
    1. forms might be asso-ciated with structures
      • comment
        • A Deep Humanity analog to the word "structure" is the word "pattern"
        • Hence we have the equivalency:
          • platonic form = structure = pattern
        • and the author's prior statement that
          • These mental and subsequently materialized ideas then
          • have the potential to
            • influence the physical world and to
              • feedback into the mental world to produce additional structure and
              • physical material
        • is equivalent to Indyweb / Deep Humanity statement that
          • individual and collective learning are deeply entangled
          • cumulative cultural evolution is mediated through this entanglement
          • that is best represented by the idea of dependent origination
          • individuals articulate ideas and externally present them to other consciousnesses
          • a multi-meaningverse exists whenever social learning occurs and
            • multiple perspectives, multiple meaningverses converge
          • each individual perspective surfaces their own adjacencies of ideas drawn from their own salience landscape
            • which in turn emerge from their own respective unique lebenswelt
        • We might also say that to the degree that internal patterns of the symbolosphere correlate with external patterns of the physiosphere, then
        • that is the degree to which the universal pattern manifests in both nature nature and in human nature
        • since humans (human nature) are an expression of nature (nature nature), we should not expect otherwise
  12. Jun 2023
  13. May 2023
    1. I am skeptical of this idea that we can escape our human nature I think that's a 00:38:01 that's that's a hubris that that that's the sort of hubris which and you know the ancient Greeks had
      • Comment
        • Mary Harrington believes it is hubris to believe we can escape our human nature.
        • I believe that cultural evolution is complex
          • We learn and change behavior over the course of even one life time
  14. Apr 2023
    1. Power is in nature the essential measure of right. Nature suffers nothing to remain in her kingdoms which cannot help itself. The genesis and maturation of a planet, its poise and orbit, the bended tree recovering itself from the strong wind, the vital resources of every animal and vegetable, are demonstrations of the self-sufficing, and therefore self-relying soul.

      the self-reliance of the soul as evidenced in nature.

  15. Mar 2023
    1. Mother Earth will retaliate, the whole environment will retaliate, and the abusers will be eliminated.
      • In Other Words...
      • nature fights back
    2. But rationality is a curse since it can cause humans to forget the natural order of things in ways other creatures do not. A wolf never forgets his or her place in the natural order. American Indians can. Europeans almost always do. We pray our thanks to the deer, our relations, for allowing us their flesh to eat; Europeans simply take the flesh for granted and consider the deer inferior. After all, Europeans consider themselves godlike in their rationalism and science.
      • Comment

      • The lack of reverence for other living beings is evident in modernity's transactional view of nature.

      • The word "natural resource" betrays modernity's objectification of nature.
      • From this perspective, nature is for humans to exploit
  16. Feb 2023
    1. warfare
      • Comment
      • Observation
        • it is known that warfare is a significant source of technological innovation
        • this can be explained by evolutionary biology
        • our instruct for survival is strongest in ( inter-species) conflict
        • such is the deep irony of human progress
        • now, in the Anthropocene, humanity is waging another war for survival, caused by our war against nature
      • we can characterized this war as a war against past ignorance
    1. reply to Share the ideas dancing in your ZK with us. February 17, 2023

      Congratulations @Will on the milestone! @ctietze's analogy with smithwork is fantastic. I might also liken it to the point in acquiring a new language when one begins dreaming in their new target language. So many talk about the idea of increased productivity associated with having a zk, but most spend an inordinate amount of time on shiny object syndrome or over complicating it and never get to the point of quickly writing things out, filing them, and being able to trust that their system will just work™. When you no longer notice it anymore and it has become second nature is when the real fun (and magic) begins to happen. It also seems easier and more natural to break the "rules" once you've internalized the basics. We should spend more time talking about the value of 'zettelkasten fluency'.

      I'm excited this week to be doing some work in areas of the history of misinformation, cultural myths, and 'American exceptionalism' in preparation for Dan Allosso's upcoming book club on Kruse and Zelizer's new edited book. I suspect he'll announce it shortly at https://danallosso.substack.com/ if folks are interested in joining in the discussion/sensemaking.

      Kruse, Kevin M., and Julian E. Zelizer. Myth America: Historians Take On the Biggest Legends and Lies About Our Past. Basic Books, 2023.

    1. How much of our creativity and authorial voice is based on our own experiences and material we've read, watched, listened to?

  17. Jan 2023
    1. social, political and institutional mechanisms.

      !- Comment : Bruce Jennings - Jennings addresses precisely these mechanisms in his essay "Entangling Humanism - https://hyp.is/go?url=https%3A%2F%2Fhumansandnature.org%2Fentangling-humanism%2F&group=world

    2. eading evolutionary theorist David Sloan Wilson and influential economist Dennis Snower have long advocated for an improved understanding of economics as a complex system. Across a recent series of major articles, they argue for a paradigm shift away from the orthodox, neoclassical model of economics, which focuses on individual challenges to be tackled through decisions by individual decision-makers and views ‘externalities’ as a phenomenon to be ‘corrected’ through government intervention, in favour of a new multilevel paradigm, based on insights from evolutionary science.

      !- Comment : similar aims to - This goal of shifting away from "individualism" to mutuality is also aligned with a number of other perspectives including: - Bruce Jennings - Entangling Humanism - https://hyp.is/go?url=https%3A%2F%2Fhumansandnature.org%2Fentangling-humanism%2F&group=world - David Loy - https://hyp.is/go?url=http%3A%2F%2Fdocdrop.org%2Fvideo%2F1Gq4HhUIDDk%2F&group=world

    1. This report distills the potential scale of carbon dioxide removal (CDR), expected costs, risks, co-benefits, and areas of research needed for seven ocean CDR approaches

      Informed Ocean-based Carbon Dioxide Removal

  18. Dec 2022
    1. "#NatureBasedSolutions are a smart investment now more than ever."

      Five areas of nature-based solutions

    1. Concentrations of harmful chemicals have fallen 50% since 1980. Learn more about protecting the planet: http://ow.ly/uNfq50KZOvq

      World coming together in major global collaboration to close ozone layer.

  19. Nov 2022
    1. Hanf kann in der gleichen Zeit direkt so viel CO2 absorbieren wie Bäume und andere Pflanzen. Deshalb könnte er eine Schlüsselrolle in eine regenerativen Landwirtschaft haben. Um CO2 dauerhaft zu speichern, müssen aus den Pflanzen Baumaterialien und andere industrielle Rohstoffe hergestellt werden.

      University of York and Biorenewables Development Centre

  20. Oct 2022
    1. The information ecosystem is broken. Our political conversations are happening on infrastructure—Facebook, YouTube, Twitter—built for viral advertising. The velocity of social sharing, the power of recommendation algorithms, the scale of social networks, and the accessibility of media manipulation technology has created an environment where pseudo events, half-truths, and outright fabrications thrive. Edward Murrow has been usurped by Alex Jones.

      I believe the variable of lies and misinformation thriving in virality is based on the idea that negativity is more engaging and intriguing than positivity. When something stimulates a negative feeling such as fear or anxiety, people engage because they feel insecure whether it be relative to the condition of their environment or internal self-perception. For example, if you read something negative about the President, you care because you live in the United States and relate it to your own well-being. Further, if someone read negative articles about a person they envy, they may feel inclined to engage & share it because that person's success made them feel inferior. Unfortunately, negativity sells.

  21. Aug 2022
    1. The person who has acquired knowledge of a language has internalized asystem of rules that relate sound and meaning in a particular way.
    1. Perspectiae and continuity. Correct perspective is es-sential t o sound critical malysis and interpretation. Thehistorical writer must always keep the time element clearlyin mind, and must recognize that an estimate of any histori-cal ersonage or event is determined in no small measureby t1e time or the conditions under which the person livedor the event occurred
    1. Stigmergy (/ˈstɪɡmərdʒi/ STIG-mər-jee) is a mechanism of indirect coordination, through the environment, between agents or actions.

      Example: ant pheromone paths

      Within ants, there can be a path left for others to follow, but what about natural paths in our environment that influence us to take them because of the idea of the "path of least resistence" or the effects of having paved cow paths.

      Similarly being lead by "the company that you keep".

      relathionship to research on hanging out with fat people tending to make one fatter.

  22. www.janeausten.pludhlab.org www.janeausten.pludhlab.org
    1. autumnal months in the country

      Another link to Fanny Price who also enjoys seeing the seasons pass in the country

  23. Jul 2022
  24. bafybeicyqgzvzf7g3zprvxebvbh6b4zpti5i2m2flbh4eavtpugiffo5re.ipfs.dweb.link bafybeicyqgzvzf7g3zprvxebvbh6b4zpti5i2m2flbh4eavtpugiffo5re.ipfs.dweb.link
    1. From my own perspective, the conclusion is important that human structural development issubject to a categorical double bond: On the one hand, a person’s lifeworld is his or her ownsubjective construction. On the other hand, this construction is not arbitrary. In spite of allsubjectivity – because of the human’s structural coupling to its environment, this constructionis influenced and limited by the framework of this very environment (Kraus, 2013, p. 65ff.).

      !- in other words : lifeworld and life conditions, constructed and discoverable reality * We construct our lifeworld with our umwelt * https://hyp.is/go?url=http%3A%2F%2Fdocdrop.org%2Fvideo%2FG_0jJfliUvQ%2F&group=world * Each human senses the environment in a way unique to our species * Our personal evolution as an individual also causes us to treat unique aspects of the environment with higher salience than other aspects, forming our unique salience landscape * Yet, structural coupling constrains us to the laws of behavior of the environment * Hence, there is always a constructed part of our experience of reality and a non-constructed, discoverable part consisting of repeatable patterns of nature, culturally consolidated in human laws of nature

  25. Jun 2022
  26. May 2022
    1. bash $ curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/978-0-387-89976-3_10' { "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", "about": [ { "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/08", "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", "name": "Information and Computing Sciences", "type": "DefinedTerm" }, { "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0806", "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", "name": "Information Systems", "type": "DefinedTerm" } ], "author": [ { "affiliation": { "alternateName": "Counseling, Educational, Psychology, and Special Education Department, Michigan State University, 461 Erickson Hall, 48824-1034, East Lansing, MI, USA", "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.17088.36", "name": [ "Counseling, Educational, Psychology, and Special Education Department, Michigan State University, 461 Erickson Hall, 48824-1034, East Lansing, MI, USA" ], "type": "Organization" }, "familyName": "Reckase", "givenName": "Mark D.", "id": "sg:person.01166264366.27", "sameAs": [ "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01166264366.27" ], "type": "Person" } ], "datePublished": "2009-05-22", "datePublishedReg": "2009-05-22", "description": "Computerized adaptive testing (CAT) is a methodology for constructing a test, administering it to an examinee, and scoring the test using interactive computer technology. This methodology has a history that is as long as that of interactive computing. An early summary of CAT methods is given in Weiss (1974). A detailed description of the development of an operational application for the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery is given in (Sands 1997). There are also several books available that describe the basic components of CAT procedures (Wainer, Dorans, Flaugher, Green, Mislevy, Steinberg and Thissen 1990; Parshall, Spray and Davey 2002; van der Linden and Glas 2000) so the basic details of the methodology are not presented here. A review of that literature will show that most of the current CAT methodology is based on the assumption that a unidimensional IRT model accurately represents the interaction between persons and test items. In this chapter, the generalization of the CAT methodology to the multidimensional case is considered. To provide a framework for this material, a brief summary of the conceptual basis for CAT is provided.", "genre": "chapter", "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-0-387-89976-3_10", "inLanguage": "en", "isAccessibleForFree": false, "isPartOf": { "isbn": [ "978-0-387-89975-6", "978-0-387-89976-3" ], "name": "Multidimensional Item Response Theory", "type": "Book" }, "keywords": [ "interactive computing", "computer technology", "interactive computer technology", "computerized adaptive testing", "Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery", "adaptive testing", "operational applications", "basic components", "computing", "unidimensional IRT model", "CAT methodology", "methodology", "test items", "IRT models", "CAT procedure", "technology", "basic details", "framework", "detailed description", "applications", "conceptual basis", "multidimensional case", "generalization", "testing", "examinees", "model", "items", "method", "description", "brief summary", "detail", "persons", "MIRT", "batteries", "test", "CAT method", "components", "assumption", "development", "chapter", "summary", "basis", "literature", "book", "procedure", "interaction", "Weiss", "cases", "review", "history", "materials", "Earlier summaries" ], "name": "Computerized Adaptive Testing Using MIRT", "pagination": "311-339", "productId": [ { "name": "dimensions_id", "type": "PropertyValue", "value": [ "pub.1046349288" ] }, { "name": "doi", "type": "PropertyValue", "value": [ "10.1007/978-0-387-89976-3_10" ] } ], "publisher": { "name": "Springer Nature", "type": "Organisation" }, "sameAs": [ "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-89976-3_10", "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046349288" ], "sdDataset": "chapters", "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-10T10:51", "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", "sdPublisher": { "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", "type": "Organization" }, "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220509/entities/gbq_results/chapter/chapter_412.jsonl", "type": "Chapter", "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-89976-3_10" }

    1. schema:ScholarlyArticle is used to describe journal articles; schema:Chapter is used to describe book chapters; schema:Book is used to describe books; schema:Periodical is used to describe journals; schema:Person is used to describe researchers (e.g. authors, editors, grant recipients) schema:MonetaryGrant is used to describe awarded research grants; schema:MedicalStudy is used to describe clinical trials; sgo:Patent is used to describe patents.

  27. Apr 2022
    1. ☠️ Duygu Uygun-Tunc ☠️. (2020, October 24). A bit cliché but ppl will always find it cooler to point out that a given proposal is not the only one/has shortcomings/is not the Truth itself etc. Than making or improving a proposal. I keep being reminded of this every single day, esp on twitter. [Tweet]. @uygun_tunc. https://twitter.com/uygun_tunc/status/1319923563248353281

  28. Feb 2022
    1. Consequently, vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth

      The vision of a new born is poor because of the environment of the dark womb making this a nature over nurture.

  29. blogs.baruch.cuny.edu blogs.baruch.cuny.edu
    1. nd wat

      "clay" elicits ideas of rebirth and reformation; a new shape, a new you.

      "wattle" as well--is symbolically laden with anatomy connotations, but also can be reference to twings, and other images of nature.

  30. Jan 2022
    1. more exact movements of the hands and fingers and include the ability to reach and grasp an object

      we are born with fingers that we can move... hence, nature??

    2. temperature

      It’s a natural affect on human development

    3. They can distinguish between their mother’s scent and that of others

      They can distinguish between their mother’s scent and that of others.

    4.  In fact, an infant can distinguish between very similar sounds as early as one month after birth and can distinguish between a familiar and non-familiar voice even earlier

      I think it is nature.

    5. By 9 months, an infant can also watch a moving object, reach for it as it approaches, and grab it

      This is an example of nature, this ability to grab is created because of the design of the human hand.

    6.  At about 4 months of age, the infant is able to reach for an object, first with both arms and within a few weeks, with only one arm. Grasping an object involves the use of the fingers and palm, but no thumbs.

      Nature

    7. Newborns have difficulty distinguishing between colors, but within a few months are able to distinguish between colors as well as adults

      This is nature because it is generally true of all infants regardless of environment.

    8. involve the use of large muscle groups

      well... we are born with it, hence part of our nature??

    9.  Infants who have experience crawling and exploring will pay greater attention to visual cues of depth and modify their actions accordingly

      Nature

    10. Newborns do not scan objects this way; rather, they tend to look at the chin or another less detailed part of the face.

      Nature

    11. At about 4 months of age, the infant is able to reach for an object, first with both arms and within a few weeks, with only one arm. 

      Infants at this period of time develop this skill months after they are born to make precise movements with their body, such as reaching for objects.

    12. he womb is a dark environment void of visual stimulation. Consequently, vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth. 

      Nature

    13. this ability to hear is evidenced as soon as the 5th month of prenatal development

      This development is in your genes.

    14. In fact, an infant can distinguish between very similar sounds as early as one month after birth and can distinguish between a familiar and non-familiar voice even earlier.

      unless there is a genetic abnormality this would be the same for all babies

    15. Grasping an object involves the use of the fingers and palm, but no thumbs

      Based on design of the human hand.

    16. At about 4 months of age, the infant is able to reach for an object

      This is a sign of nature as a child is developing they can start to use more of their small muscle groups to grasp things

    17. Newborns do not scan objects this way; rather, they tend to look at the chin or another less detailed part of the face. However, by 2 or 3 months, they will seek more detail when visually exploring an object and begin showing preferences for unusual images over familiar ones, for patterns over solids, faces over patterns, and three-dimensional objects over flat images.

      Seems to be Nature to me.

    18. can distinguish between a familiar and non-familiar voice even earlier
    19. Consequently, vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth. 

      Genetics = nature

    20. binocular vision develops at about 2 months of age

      depth perception 2 months old

    21. These skills begin to develop first. Examples include moving to bring the chin up when lying on the stomach, moving the chest up, rocking back and forth on hands and knees. But it also includes exploring an object with one’s feet as many babies do, as early as 8 weeks of age, if seated in a carrier or other device that frees the hips.

      nature

    22. Newborns typically cannot see further than 8 to 16 inches away from their faces, have difficulty keeping a moving object within their gaze, and can detect contrast more than color differences

      I hope this is considered "nature"

    23. Even on the first day of life, infants orient to their mother’s odor and are soothed, when crying, by their mother’s odor
    24. (the pincer grasp

      This is nature because no one has to show you you can move like that, you discover it whatever culture you were born in

    25. Newborns have difficulty distinguishing between colors, but within a few months are able to distinguish between colors as well as adults

      colors coming into vision

    26. When the infants heard their mother’s voice, they sucked more strongly at the pacifier

      nature

    27. They can distinguish between their mother’s scent and that of others

      nature

    28. Newborns have difficulty distinguishing between colors,

      nature

    29. sense of touch is acute in infants and is essential to a baby’s growth of physical abilities, language and cognitive skills, and socio-emotional competency.

      Nature

    30. vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth

      Nature

    31.  Consequently, vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth.

      nature

    32. moving to bring the chin up when lying on the stomach

      Nature

    33. ?

      nature

    34. reach and grasp an object

      Nature

    35. bring the chin up when lying on the stomach,

      "Gross motor skills are voluntary movements that involve the use of large muscle groups."

    36. touch and temperature,

      happens to every newborn; the sensitive part

    37. show a preference for sweet flavors

      How did they find this out?

    38. Consequently, vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth. Newborns typically cannot see further than 8 to 16 inches away from their faces, have difficulty keeping a moving object within their gaze, and can detect contrast more than color differences.

      example of nature, unless their is an abnormality, this is how all babies begin to see 8-16 inches away from their faces

    39. exploring an object with one’s feet as many babies do,

      babies do this anywhere in the world, it is just a regular baby thing

    40. Immediately after birth, a newborn is sensitive to touch and temperature, and is also sensitive to pain, responding with crying and cardiovascular responses.

      Since this happens as soon as a baby is born, it has to be nature since nothing is influencing it's reaction into the world except for the biological makeup of the child.

    41. moving to bring the chin up when lying on the stomach

      I would classify this as nature

    42. Consequently, vision is the most poorly developed sense at birth.

      Vision being poor at birth is innate and not based on external factors

  31. hypothes.is hypothes.is