874 Matching Annotations
  1. Mar 2021
    1. Tim Colbourn. ‘7-Day Moving Average for #CovidUK Deaths Is Now 200 Deaths per Day. That’s 1400 Deaths in the Last Week. In Sep When CSA Vallance Said We Need to Stop Increase to Avoid “200 Deaths per Day in Nov” Many Doubted/Mocked Him as a “Scaremonger”. Deaths Still Rising & Not in Nov Yet..’ Tweet. @timcolbourn (blog), 28 October 2020. https://twitter.com/timcolbourn/status/1321231842121494530.

    2. 2020-10-28

    3. 7-day moving average for #CovidUK deaths is now 200 deaths per day. That’s 1400 deaths in the last week. In Sep when CSA Vallance said we need to stop increase to avoid “200 deaths per day in Nov” many doubted/mocked him as a ‘scaremonger’. Deaths still rising & not in Nov yet..
    1. Abdelhafiz, Ahmed Samir, Samar Abd ElHafeez, Mohammad Adnan Khalil, Manal Shahrouri, Bandar Alosaim, Raneem O. Salem, Mohamed Alorabi, Fatma Abdelgawad, and Mamoun Ahram. ‘Factors Influencing Participation in COVID-19 Clinical Trials: A Multi-National Study’. Frontiers in Medicine 8 (2021). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.608959.

    2. 2021-02-23

    3. In 2020, the World Health Organization has characterized COVID-19, a disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus, as a pandemic. Although a few vaccines and drugs have been approved to, respectively, prevent or treat the disease, several clinical trials are still ongoing to test new vaccines or drugs to mitigate the burden of the pandemic. Few studies have shown the role of host genetics in disease prognosis and drug response highlighting the importance of diverse participation in COVID-19 clinical trials. The goal of this study is to assess public attitudes in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan toward participating in COVID-19 clinical trials and to identify the factors that may influence their attitude.
    4. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2021.608959
    5. Factors Influencing Participation in COVID-19 Clinical Trials: A Multi-National Study
    1. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. ‘Follow the Link Https://T.Co/YSCE9FC88K to Watch a Recording of the Recent Seminar by @JohnSMcConnell, Editor of @TheLancetInfDis -- “#COVID-19: Reality and Misinformation”’. Tweet. @TheLancetInfDis (blog), 2 November 2020. https://twitter.com/TheLancetInfDis/status/1323319489753206786.

    2. 2020-11-02

    3. Follow the link https://vimeo.com/474660108 to watch a recording of the recent seminar by @JohnSMcConnell, Editor of @TheLancetInfDis -- "#COVID-19: reality and misinformation"
    1. 2021-03-05

    2. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84092-1
    3. A recent mathematical model has suggested that staying at home did not play a dominant role in reducing COVID-19 transmission. The second wave of cases in Europe, in regions that were considered as COVID-19 controlled, may raise some concerns. Our objective was to assess the association between staying at home (%) and the reduction/increase in the number of deaths due to COVID-19 in several regions in the world. In this ecological study, data from www.google.com/covid19/mobility/, ourworldindata.org and covid.saude.gov.br were combined. Countries with > 100 deaths and with a Healthcare Access and Quality Index of ≥ 67 were included. Data were preprocessed and analyzed using the difference between number of deaths/million between 2 regions and the difference between the percentage of staying at home. The analysis was performed using linear regression with special attention to residual analysis. After preprocessing the data, 87 regions around the world were included, yielding 3741 pairwise comparisons for linear regression analysis. Only 63 (1.6%) comparisons were significant. With our results, we were not able to explain if COVID-19 mortality is reduced by staying at home in ~ 98% of the comparisons after epidemiological weeks 9 to 34.
    4. Stay-at-home policy is a case of exception fallacy: an internet-based ecological study
    1. 2021-03-05

    2. RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - Preliminary data from a study conducted at the University of Oxford indicates that the COVID-19 vaccine developed by AstraZeneca PLC is effective against the P1, or Brazilian, variant, a source with knowledge of the study told Reuters on Friday.
    3. Exclusive: Oxford study indicates AstraZeneca effective against Brazil variant, source says
    1. 2021-03-09

    2. After 365 days of aggregating COVID data, the volunteers at http://covidtracking.com are passing the baton back to @HHSGov & @CDCgov. They filled a void when our government failed us. They kept us informed & held our leaders accountable. For all that & more, we thank you
    1. 2021-03-2021

    2. One year ago tonight, in front of millions of loyal viewers, Fox's @SeanHannity accused the media of "scaring the living hell out of people" about the coronavirus and said "I see it, again, as like, let's bludgeon Trump with this new hoax."
    1. 2020-11-04

    2. The data science revolution is finally enabling the development of large-scale data-driven models that provide real- or near-real-time forecasts and risk analysis for infectious disease threats. These models also provide rationales and quantitative analysis to support policy making decisions and intervention plans. At the same time, the non-incremental advance of the field presents a broad range of challenges: algorithmic (multiscale constitutive equations, scalability, parallelization), real time integration of novel digital data streams (social networks, participatory platform, human mobility etc.). I will review and discuss recent results and challenges in the area, and focus on ongoing work aimed at responding to the COVID-19 pandemic.
    3. Event: Alessandro Vespignani on Computational Epidemiology at the Time of COVID-19
    1. A doctor who is skeptical of coronavirus vaccines and promotes the malaria drug hydroxychloroquine as a treatment for Covid-19 will be the lead witness at a hearing of the Senate Homeland Security Committee on Tuesday, prompting criticism from Democrats who say Republicans should not give a platform to someone who promotes conspiracy theories.
    2. An anti-vaccine activist has been invited to testify before a Senate committee.
    3. 2020-12-15

    1. 2020-11-09

    2. Impact of Social Sciences. ‘How to Run an Academic Writing Retreat and Bring the Campus Back Together’, 9 November 2020. https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2020/11/09/how-to-run-an-academic-writing-retreat-and-bring-the-campus-back-together/.

    3. Since it started in 2011, Academic Writing Month has seen a growth of workshops and initiatives aimed at helping researchers to prioritise writing projects.  In 2020, as many researchers are in lockdown and working from home, there are new challenges for concentrating on and completing writing. In this post, Andy Tattersall outlines his experience running online writing retreats. He finds that they not enable researchers to be productive in lockdown but also bring back a sense of academic community, which the closure of campuses has compromised. 
    4. How to run an academic writing retreat and bring the campus back together
    1. 2020-08-03

    2. doi:10.2196/19311
    3. Since 2016, social media companies and news providers have come under pressure to tackle the spread of political mis- and disinformation (MDI) online. However, despite evidence that online health MDI (on the web, on social media, and within mobile apps) also has negative real-world effects, there has been a lack of comparable action by either online service providers or state-sponsored public health bodies. We argue that this is problematic and seek to answer three questions: why has so little been done to control the flow of, and exposure to, health MDI online; how might more robust action be justified; and what specific, newly justified actions are needed to curb the flow of, and exposure to, online health MDI? In answering these questions, we show that four ethical concerns—related to paternalism, autonomy, freedom of speech, and pluralism—are partly responsible for the lack of intervention. We then suggest that these concerns can be overcome by relying on four arguments: (1) education is necessary but insufficient to curb the circulation of health MDI, (2) there is precedent for state control of internet content in other domains, (3) network dynamics adversely affect the spread of accurate health information, and (4) justice is best served by protecting those susceptible to inaccurate health information. These arguments provide a strong case for classifying the quality of the infosphere as a social determinant of health, thus making its protection a public health responsibility. In addition, they offer a strong justification for working to overcome the ethical concerns associated with state-led intervention in the infosphere to protect public health
    4. Public Health in the Information Age: Recognizing the Infosphere as a Social Determinant of Health
    1. 2020-10-28

    2. Target issue: The COVID-19 crisis has seen a sea change in the adoption of openly accessible research outputs (see, for e.g., here and here). However, rapid production and sharing of new research is not without its drawbacks. As pre-prints become better cited—not just among researchers, but in the public media—there is increasing risk of spreading misinformation from unreliable work (e.g., this retracted pre-print. How do we ensure reliable research is rapidly disseminated?
    3. Workshop hackathon: Optimising research dissemination and curation
    1. 2020-11-05

    2. Media: worst ever week for Test & Trace; they only reached 59.9% of identified contacts. But the % reached went up this week for contacts managed by local health protection teams AND for contacts not managed by them (What used to be called 'complex' and 'non-complex' cases.) How?
    1. 2020-10-28

    2. Target issue: The threat posed by climate change and COVID-19 are wildly different – immediate individual-level harm vs. long-term global-level harm. The degree of scientific consensus also differs between the two issues, with a long-standing robust consensus on climate change that rests on unequivocal evidence, and a more heterogeneous and rapidly evolving knowledge landscape in COVID-19 in which areas of uncertainty remain. Yet the denialism playbook seems to be working fine in both cases, and there is even evidence that the same players are involved in both issues (see, for e.g., here and here). Self-professed COVID-19 “skeptics” voice opinions that are counter to established science, for example by variously claiming that COVID-19 is harmless or is unaffected by behavioural countermeasures, or by promulgating non-existent cures.During the hackathon, we will examine COVID-19 misinformation, with a particular focus on the differences and similarities between climate denial and COVID-19 “denial”. Our aim is to better understand if and how science denial tactics have been cross-applied between COVID-19 and Climate denial networks. We’ll examine whether COVID-19 “skeptics” have learned from or grown out of Climate denial playbooks and networks. We will compile an inventory of new tactics and networks to disseminate COVID-19 misinformation, and discuss whether research on combating misinformation could be cross-applied between the two domains.
    3. Hackathon: Climate denial and COVID-19 misinformation: birds of a feather?
    1. 2020-11-09

    2. The great news about RNA vaccines is that they can easily be reprogrammed. Even after we defeat covid-19, new viruses will come along. When that happens, it will take only days to code a new RNA sequence to make a vaccine to target the new threat. Tools made with RNA will enable us both to edit our genetic material and to devise easily reprogrammable vaccines.It’s been a miserable pandemic amid an annus horribilis. It’s nice that both appear to be ending with RNA — the fundamental molecule that probably spawned the existence of life on our planet a few billion years ago — giving birth to a new era of biotechnology.
    3. I was part of a trial for Pfizer’s covid-19 vaccine. It’s a miracle for genetic medicine.
    1. 2020-11-18

    2. Coronavirus cases are rising in almost every U.S. state. But the surge is worst now in places where leaders neglected to keep up forceful virus containment efforts or failed to implement basic measures like mask mandates in the first place, according to a New York Times analysis of data from the University of Oxford. Using an index that tracks policy responses to the pandemic, these charts show the number of new virus cases and hospitalizations in each state relative to the state’s recent containment measures.
    3. States That Imposed Few Restrictions Now Have the Worst Outbreaks
    1. 2020-09-30

    2. Rabbit, Rabbit. ‘A Game Designer’s Analysis Of QAnon’. Medium, 11 January 2021. https://medium.com/curiouserinstitute/a-game-designers-analysis-of-qanon-580972548be5.

    3. I am a game designer with experience in a very small niche. I create and research games designed to be played in reality. I’ve worked in Alternate Reality Games (ARGs), LARPs, experience fiction, interactive theater, and “serious games”. Stories and games that can start on a computer, and finish in the real world. Fictions designed to feel as real as possible. Games that teach you. Puzzles that come to life all around the players. Games where the deeper you dig, the more you find. Games with rabbit holes that invite you into wonderland and entice you through the looking glass.When I saw QAnon, I knew exactly what it was and what it was doing. I had seen it before. I had almost built it before. It was gaming’s evil twin. A game that plays people. (cue ominous music)
    4. A Game Designer’s Analysis Of QAnon
    1. 2020-11-06

    2. Donie O’Sullivan. ‘So the Video Bannon Streamed Live Saying Dr. Anthony Fauci and Christopher Wray Should Be Beheaded Has Been on Facebook for 10 Hours and Has 200,000 Views. 10 Hours. Remember That next Time Zuckerberg Talks about All the Moderators and A.I. They Have.’ Tweet. @donie (blog), 6 November 2020. https://twitter.com/donie/status/1324524141869965312.

    3. So the video Bannon streamed live saying Dr. Anthony Fauci and Christopher Wray should be beheaded has been on Facebook for 10 hours and has 200,000 views. 10 hours. Remember that next time Zuckerberg talks about all the moderators and A.I. they have.
    1. 2020-11-25

    2. If you think you can make your own clear-headed choice about whether Christmas gathering is safe, think twice. We judge risk partly in proportion to the amount of freedom we're given. We think, "If Christmas is allowed, it must be safe." We all do it. We are lousy risk assessors.
    3. If that's what the Government is hearing from its scientists, HOW can it justify its policy of Covid Secret Santa?
    4. Wow. SAGE scientist Prof Andrew Hayward on Newsnight unequivocal: "I won't be getting my family together for Christmas." Young people and old people together a recipe for disaster/snatching defeat from jaws of victory/wait till Easter and have a proper get-together. #Newsnight
    1. 2021-02-22

    2. he end of the coronavirus pandemic is on the horizon at last, but the timeline for actually getting there feels like it shifts daily, with updates about viral variants, vaccine logistics, and other important variables seeming to push back the finish line or scoot it forward. When will we be able to finally live our lives again?{"requests":{"csi":"https://csi.gstatic.com/csi?"},"transport":{"xhrpost":false},"triggers":{"adRequestStart":{"on":"ad-request-start","request":"csi","sampleSpec":{"sampleOn":"a4a-csi-${pageViewId}","threshold":1},"selector":"amp-ad","selectionMethod":"closest","extraUrlParams":{"met.a4a":"afs_lvt.${viewerLastVisibleTime}~afs.${time}"}},"adResponseEnd":{"on":"ad-response-end","request":"csi","sampleSpec":{"sampleOn":"a4a-csi-${pageViewId}","threshold":1},"selector":"amp-ad","selectionMethod":"closest","extraUrlParams":{"met.a4a":"afe.${time}"}},"adRenderStart":{"on":"ad-render-start","request":"csi","sampleSpec":{"sampleOn":"a4a-csi-${pageViewId}","threshold":1},"selector":"amp-ad","selectionMethod":"closest","extraUrlParams":{"met.a4a":"ast.${scheduleTime}~ars_lvt.${viewerLastVisibleTime}~ars.${time}","qqid":"${qqid}"}},"adIframeLoaded":{"on":"ad-iframe-loaded","request":"csi","sampleSpec":{"sampleOn":"a4a-csi-${pageViewId}","threshold":1},"selector":"amp-ad","selectionMethod":"closest","extraUrlParams":{"met.a4a":"ail.${time}"}}},"extraUrlParams":{"s":"ampad","ctx":"2","c":"${correlator}","slotId":"${slotId}","puid":"${requestCount}~${timestamp}"}}Pandemics are hard to predict accurately, but we have enough information to make some confident guesses. A useful way to think about what’s ahead is to go season by season. In short: Life this spring will not be substantially different from the past year; summer could, miraculously, be close to normal; and next fall and winter could bring either continued improvement or a moderate backslide, followed by a near-certain return to something like pre-pandemic life.Here, in more detail, is what Americans can expect daily life to look like for the next four(-ish) seasons.
    3. The Most Likely Timeline for Life to Return to Normal
    1. 2021-01-12

    2. 2021-01-12

    3. I’m getting individual permission from everyone sending me pics of their food boxes in my DMs to repost them here but without identifying information because I try to be responsible with this large platform and there are ~children~ involved here. Disclaimer done, now get angry.
    4. I’m getting individual permission from everyone sending me pics of their food boxes in my DMs to repost them here but without identifying information because I try to be responsible with this large platform and there are ~children~ involved here. Disclaimer done, now get angry.
    1. Of course, although to be fair there isn’t much about right now. Neither Public Health England nor the Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre (RCGP RSC) have detected a single case in England in 2021.
    2. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.n584
    3. Sixty seconds on . . . flu
    1. 2021-03-01

    2. Over past week we got 11.4 Million doses into arms 5.6 Million were 1st doses 5.8 Million were 2nd doses That's a problem Beyond debating delay of 2nd dose States should be using up supplies Today, there are 21M doses sitting on shelves Unnecessary. Unhelpful
    1. 2021-02-26

    2. The pandemic of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has had wide ranging impacts on societies across the globe. In the absence of a vaccine, governments have implemented a range of measures to tackle the pandemic, generally focused on reducing transmission of the virus through: isolating those with diagnosed or suspected COVID-19, increasing ‘social distancing’ (e.g. working from home, restricting non-essential travel and limiting groups gathering in public venues), and enhancing hygiene procedures (such as the wearing of face masks). Existing evidence suggest the measures could have large impacts on infection rates and, subsequently, on reducing overall mortality [1Chu D.K. Akl E.A. Duda S. et al.Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis.Lancet. 2020; 395: 1973-1987Summary Full Text Full Text PDF PubMed Scopus (497) Google Scholar]. However, each of these measures requires citizens to make changes to their usual behaviour, sometimes at considerable personal cost. Though some measures have the force of law, in democratic societies unwilling to exercise authoritarian power, compliance requires voluntary cooperation. Yet, ensuring high levels of compliance has been a challenge. To manage the pandemic effectively, it is vital that we understand the factors that drive compliance; especially those factors that could be modifiable.
    3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100061
    4. Predictors of self-reported adherence to COVID-19 guidelines. A longitudinal observational study of 51,600 UK adults
    1. 2020-10-19

    2. The USA's failure to contain COVID-19 has been spectacular from every angle. Looked at as a case of mass non-adherence to medical advice, however, it's unique in modern history. Never before have so many citizens had so much access to information and simultaneously protested public health recommendations with such full-throated denial of the medical facts.The media has covered psychological denial as a cause of non-adherence to public health recommendations for COVID-19, climate change, and other risks,1Friedman L Covid, climate, and denial.https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/07/climate/covid-climate-and-denialDate: Oct 7, 2020Date accessed: October 13, 2020Google Scholar but public health officials have not, to date, employed the concept in a systematic way, if at all. We propose it is time that public health officials add the study and treatment of psychological denial to their toolkit for combatting medical non-adherence. To do that, we suggest a new partnership between the fields of experimental psychology, public health, and psychoanalysis—the field that first postulated defence mechanisms like denial, and still the only field that attempts to treat them.
    3. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32172-3
    4. Psychoanalysis in combatting mass non-adherence to medical advice
  2. Feb 2021
    1. 2020-10-30

    2. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2666-5247(20)30193-2
    3. COVID-19 is one of the biggest global public health challenges of the century with almost 42 million cases and more than a million deaths to date. Until a COVID-19 vaccine or effective pharmaceutical intervention is developed, alternative tools for the rapid identification, containment, and mitigation of the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are of paramount importance for managing community transmission. Within this context, school closure has been one of the strategies implemented to reduce spread at local and national levels. Experience gained from influenza epidemics showed that school closures reduce social contacts between students and therefore interrupt chains of transmission between students and households.1Jackson C Mangtani P Hawker J Olowokure B Vynnycky E The effects of school closures on influenza outbreaks and pandemics: systematic review of simulation studies.PLoS One. 2014; 9e97297Crossref PubMed Scopus (42) Google Scholar How school-age children transmit coronaviruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome, Middle East respiratory syndrome, and SARS-CoV-2 within school settings and at a local community scale is less clear.
    4. Innovation in wastewater near-source tracking for rapid identification of COVID-19 in schools
    1. 2020-11-05

    2. Smaldino, Paul E., and Cailin O’Connor. ‘Interdisciplinarity Can Aid the Spread of Better Methods Between Scientific Communities’. MetaArXiv, 5 November 2020. https://doi.org/10.31222/osf.io/cm5v3.

    3. 10.31222/osf.io/cm5v3
    4. Why do bad methods persist in some academic disciplines, even when they have been clearly rejected in others? What factors allow good methodological advances to spread across disciplines? In this paper, we investigate some key features determining the success and failure of methodological spread between the sciences. We introduce a model that considers factors like methodological competence and reviewer bias towards one's own methods. We show how self-preferential biases can protect poor methodology within scientific communities, and lack of reviewer competence can contribute to failures to adopt better methods. We further argue, however, that input from outside disciplines, especially in the form of peer review and other credit assignment mechanisms, can help break down barriers to methodological improvement.
    5. Interdisciplinarity Can Aid the Spread of Better Methods Between Scientific Communities
    1. 2020-11-10

    2. 10.31222/osf.io/sxajv
    3. What is the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the 2020 U.S. presidential election? Guided by a pre-analysis plan, we estimate the effect of COVID-19 cases and deaths on the change in county-level voting for Donald Trump between 2016 and 2020. To account for potential confounders, we include a large number of COVID-19-related controls as well as demographic and socioeconomic variables. Moreover, we instrument the numbers of cases and deaths with the share of workers employed in meat-processing factories to sharpen our identification strategy. We find that COVID-19 cases negatively affected Trump's vote share. The estimated effect appears strongest in urban counties, in swing states, and in states that Trump won in 2016. A simple counterfactual analysis suggests that Trump would likely have won re-election if COVID-19 cases had been 5 percent lower. Our paper contributes to the literature of retrospective voting and demonstrates that voters hold leaders accountable for their (mis-)handling of negative shocks.
    4. The COVID-19 Pandemic and US Presidential Elections
    1. 2020-10-06

    2. Armeni, Kristijan, Loek Brinkman, Rickard Carlsson, Anita Eerland, Rianne Fijten, Robin Fondberg, Vera Ellen Heininga, et al. ‘Towards Wide-Scale Adoption of Open Science Practices: The Role of Open Science Communities’. MetaArXiv, 6 October 2020. https://doi.org/10.31222/osf.io/7gct9.

    3. 10.31222/osf.io/7gct9
    4. Open Science (OS) increases the quality, efficiency, and impact of science. This has been widely recognised by scholars, funders, and policy makers. However, despite the increasing availability of infrastructure supporting OS and the rise in policies and incentives to change behavior, OS practices are not yet the norm. While pioneering researchers are developing and embracing OS practices, the majority sticks to the status quo. To transition from pioneering to common practice, we need to engage a critical proportion of the academic community. In this transition, Open Science Communities (OSCs) play a key role. OSCs are bottom-up learning groups of scholars that discuss OS practices, within and across disciplines. They make OS knowledge and know-how more visible and accessible, and facilitate communication among scholars and policy makers. By the same token, community members shape the transition to OS such that it is most beneficial for researchers, science, and society. Over the past two years, eleven OSCs were founded at several Dutch university cities, with approximately 700 members in total (at the time of writing). In other countries, similar OSCs are starting up. In this paper, we discuss the pivotal role OSCs play in the large-scale transition to OS and provide practical information on how to start a local OSC. We emphasize that, despite the grassroot character of OSCs, support from universities is critical for OSCs to be viable, effective, and sustainable.
    5. Towards wide-scale adoption of open science practices: The role of open science communities
    1. 2020-12-07

    2. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30286-3
    3. An earlier start to the second COVID-19 epidemic wave in Spain compared with other European countries has raised overt criticism to their public health administrations’ response.1COVID-19 in Spain: a predictable storm?.Lancet Public Health. 2020; 5: e568Summary Full Text Full Text PDF PubMed Scopus (2) Google Scholar We want to contribute to this debate constructively, sharing our perspective as public health professionals involved in the response, even if many aspects are outside our direct remit.Spain greatly increased its response capacities after the first wave of this virus. An improved test-trace-isolate strategy was implemented in May and, by late June, more than 80% of patients suspected to have COVID-19 were PCR-tested within 24–48 h, and 90% of patients had their contacts traced (Monge S, unpublished). PCR capacities were similar to that of other countries2Han E Tan MMJ Turk E et al.Lessons learnt from easing COVID-19 restrictions: an analysis of countries and regions in Asia Pacific and Europe.Lancet. 2020; 396: 1525-1534Summary Full Text Full Text PDF PubMed Scopus (28) Google Scholar and have been further strengthened (with a current national weekly testing rate of 2·563 per 100 000 inhabitants),3Ministerio de SanidadSituación actual.https://www.mscbs.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/situacionActual.htmDate accessed: November 6, 2020Google Scholar and the public health workforce has increased by three times.3Ministerio de SanidadSituación actual.https://www.mscbs.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/situacionActual.htmDate accessed: November 6, 2020Google Scholar On the basis of a national seroprevalence study,4Pollán M Pérez-Gómez B Pastor-Barriuso R et al.Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Spain (ENE-COVID): a nationwide, population-based seroepidemiological study.Lancet. 2020; 396: 535-544Summary Full Text Full Text PDF PubMed Scopus (214) Google Scholar we estimate the current detection capacity to be at 60–80% of infected individuals. All strategies and protocols were integrated into an updated early response plan, adapted at the regional level, including provisions for increasing epidemiological surveillance, test-trace-isolate procedures, strategic reserves, and health-care capacity, among others, which was adopted in July. However, weaknesses persist in the system, with chronic underinvestment in primary health care, public health, digitalisation, research and innovation, bureaucratic procedures, and with little availability of trained professionals.
    4. COVID-19 in Spain: view from the eye of the storm
    1. 2020-12-07

    2. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30285-1
    3. Currently, countries across the world are applying policies designed to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, such as lockdowns, international travel restrictions, subsectoral closures, and adjustments in public transportation. Although these restrictions can be effective in controlling the epidemiological dynamics, they also need to be assessed in terms of their acceptability by populations. The preferences of populations should matter, particularly after months of efforts, and the new requirements of lockdowns in several European countries despite these efforts.
    4. Population preferences for inclusive COVID-19 policy responses
    1. 2020-12-03

    2. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30269-3
    3. As many countries seek to slow the spread of COVID-19 without reimposing national restrictions, it has become important to track the disease at a local level to identify areas in need of targeted intervention.
    4. Detecting COVID-19 infection hotspots in England using large-scale self-reported data from a mobile application: a prospective, observational study