13 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2019
    1. Divergent responses to annotation demonstrate what Foucault means by power running through the whole social body.

      How would this have worked in pre-literate societies? Examples?

      "the whole social body" also reminds me of the idea of the "Great Chain of Being" to consider how differences in annotation may change and evolve in societies over long periods of time. I can't help but consider Richard Dawkins' original conceptualization of the "meme" and how they move through societies with or without literacy skills.

  2. Jun 2019
  3. May 2019
    1. Jesus and Mary Chain

      From Wikipedia:

      The Jesus and Mary Chain are a Scottish alternative rock band formed in East Kilbride in 1983. The band revolves around the songwriting partnership of brothers Jim and William Reid. After signing to independent label Creation Records, they released their first single "Upside Down" in 1984. Their debut album Psychocandy was released to critical acclaim in 1985 on major label WEA. The band went on to release five more studio albums before disbanding in 1999. They reunited in 2007.

  4. Jan 2019
    1. “那些所谓的‘白皮书’描述的目标非常宏大,原本只是想做行业某一方面的应用,却拔高到想要做一条全新的底层公链。事实上,若想开发一条完整的区块链底层公链,必须具有在行业应用方面独特的技术创新,并且能够实现稳定运行。这显然不是一般行业应用团队可以实现的事情。”

      <big>评:</big><br/><br/>市面上的多数白皮书是否都在摊大饼?或许在回答这个问题前,我们应该多多学习李笑来「不断厘清自己概念」的精神。为什么原本属于 Business Plan 范畴的文档会被冠以 “White Paper” 的称号?在维基百科的词条里我们可以找到如下定义:</br></br>A white paper is an authoritative report or guide that informs readers concisely about a complex issue and presents the issuing body's philosophy on the matter.

      White papers are a "... tool of participatory democracy ... not [an] unalterable policy commitment."

      "White papers have tried to perform the dual role of presenting firm government policies while at the same time inviting opinions upon them."</i></br></br> “authoritative” 一词在精神上与 “decentralized” 构成对立,但前者却是迄今为止所有组织都偏好的行动范式,甚至喜欢到了上瘾的地步。人们很难揣测第一个在密码社群抛出 “White Paper” 概念的人是否对此概念有细致的探究,但这并不妨碍那些雄心勃勃想要改变世界,抑或是打算割完韭菜就走的团队借此「文化活用」,向外输出它们的价值哲学。他们的立场很决绝,但鲜有做到广纳群言。

    1. 在整个过程中,中心化交易所不但是现实世界与区块链世界的出入口,还是不同区块链网络的连接器。简单来说,交易所决定了一个新的 Token 是否有资格接入其他 Token 以及法币共同构成的清算网络。很多区块链项目的发展在被扭曲为满足交易所需求的方向上越走越远。区块链经济网络急需分布式的清算机制加入,其意义不在于要迅速替代中心化的交易所,而是带来一种新的选择与制衡,让区块链的真正价值被再次发掘,让用分布式的方式解决分布式的问题成为可能。

      <big>评:</big><br/><br/>至今为止我们还没有遇到完美的币种,可能以后也不会有。哪怕是久居排行榜单之首的比特币,也难以自视清高,不加入这首群雄逐鹿的协奏曲,但是契合乐谱精神的指挥家想必不是中心化的交易所。倘若让这曲华章无限延伸,我们或终将寻到一位让乐迷们心悦诚服的意中人。</br></br>然而,总有些东西是永恒的。不妨就让他们在此演奏,直到永远。

  5. Dec 2018
    1. 雖然許多公鏈開發項目方自稱為「第三代區塊鏈系統」,但本質上只是「更快的以太坊」,內部也沒有任何落地的應用出現,僅僅是個空轉的伺服器群,這背後的隱憂是,一旦以太坊完成 POS 實作,解決了 TPS 的交易處理性能問題,可滿足一定程度的商用場景,這些新公鏈的開發者與使用者將一哄而散,重新回到市占率最高的以太坊進行開發。

      <big>评:</big><br/><br/>应对此类预判的有效回应:为什么我们只能有一个以太坊?为什么不能同时存在多个「快速的类以太坊」?<br/><br/>看看国产手机厂商们基于 Android OS 定制的 UI 在大中华区的市场表现吧!自从 Google 退华后,相关的流言就未曾间断——比市面上这群竞品更强更好、哪怕是阉割版的 Google 将重返中国市场,扭转格局。但明眼人们心里清楚,这个全球最大市场已今非昔比,后来居上的模仿者们甚至成功改写了游戏规则。<br/><br/>总有东西能够超越人类的朴素共识,它可能是商品拜物教、地缘政治、意识形态、文化鸿沟中的任意一项。百舸争流,成王败寇。

  6. Jun 2018
    1. The value chain for any given consumer market is divided into three parts: suppliers, distributors, and consumers/users. The best way to make outsize profits in any of these markets is to either gain a horizontal monopoly in one of the three parts or to integrate two of the parts such that you have a competitive advantage in delivering a vertical solution. In the pre-Internet era the latter depended on controlling distribution.
  7. Feb 2017
    1. When an alleged fact is debunked, the conspiracy meme often just replaces it with another fact.

      Campbell's discussion of moral reasoning presented as a "bundle" rather than a "causal chain" is relevant here; it seems that the author of this piece is suggesting that conspiracy theorists present their "facts" in a form that is different from the "causal chain" that Campbell disapproves of. Theorists are able to replace their debunked facts with other facts because they are not connected to one another in a chain-like fashion.

    1. Moral reasoning thus presents a bundle of evidence rather than a causal chain.

      I found the use of the terms "bundle" and "chain" in comparison to one another rather interesting here. I think this is an effective image to use when discussing Campbell's view of moral reasoning. Campbell's rejection of the "causal chain" when discussing the effectiveness of evidence is interesting as I think "evidence" is a term that naturally evokes the necessity of causality; pieces of evidence must connect to one another, for example, to tell a story. I think Campbell's preference for the "bundle" image when discussing moral evidence is jarring at first glance, but effective upon closer consideration. His assertion that this kind of evidence cannot be axiomatic is better supported by this image.

  8. Jan 2016
    1. It is the third bucket that contains the most ambitious applications: “smart contracts” that execute themselves automatically under the right circumstances. Bitcoin can be “programmed” so that it only becomes available under certain conditions.

      In other words, it can facilitate a deferred payment system that works when the payer provides payment in escrow, like Kickstarter and other crowdfunding systems. It could manage deposits on purchase-and-sale agreements and handle escrows on legal judgments, without a third party holding title to the money. The core financial system itself could hold the money.

      Could it be made into a complete deferred payment system for managing loans, mortgages, and coupon bonds? I don’t know how, since the source of those payments is outside the bitcoin system and generally doesn’t exist at the time of the loan or bond purchase. But imagine if a financial system was entirely built around a programmable trust system, then financial instruments themselves become a part of the logic of a company’s assets and liabilities. When a corporate bond coupon comes due the company treasurer doesn't create a transaction, instead the coupon payment is automatically transferred to the holder of the bond by the financial system itself. That is, the structure of the bond has been integrated directly into the financial system for automatic execution.

      If a future government were to implement blockchain technology and legislate its adoption throughout the financial community (perhaps as an option, in parallel with the pre-existing system), it could 'write the code' for legally certified instruments like corporate bonds, mortgages, car loans. It could further write legally permissible derivatives of those instruments (yes, derivatives have tremendous value in reducing risk, when used wisely).

      At that point, financial companies like Vanguard or Fidelity could issue mutual funds whose prospecti assert that the only kind of instruments held by the fund were those certified by the government to use the legislated systems. This could reasonably allow safe and less expensive adoption of powerful financial instruments with far less risk to the system.

      Sure there are plenty of flaws and dangers in this kind of a system. But could they be worked out to create a safer, less expensive, more transparent and more accessible financial system than we currently have? Would it help engender some of the trust that has most recently been lost?

  9. Dec 2015
    1. This problem of plastic has to be solved – and quickly. This guide for kids gives a good run down and should make anyone think twice before using plastics frivolously.