3,845 Matching Annotations
  1. Jun 2020
    1. 10.31234/osf.io/yhw74
    2. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to calls for contributions from the social and behavioural sciences in responding to the social and behavioural dimensions of the pandemic. The current Delphi study explored expert opinions and consensus about the contributions that can be made by social psychology and social psychologists, and research priorities and strategies to this end. A two-round Delphi process was employed involving a panel of 52 professors of social psychology from 25 countries. Responses to open-ended questions presented to the panel in Round 1 were condensed and reformulated into 100 closed-ended statements that the panel rated their agreement with in Round 2. Consensus was reached for 55 topics to which social psychology can contribute, 26 topics that should be prioritised, and 19 strategies that should be implemented. The findings contribute to further focusing research efforts in psychology in its response to the social and behavioural dimensions of the COVID-19 and future pandemics.
    3. Social Psychology and Pandemics: Exploring Consensus about Research Priorities and Strategies using the Delphi Method
    1. Czarnek, G., Szwed, P., & Kossowska, M. (2020). Trust and attitudes toward vaccination: Study report. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/dpa35

    2. 2020-06-29

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/dpa35
    4. We focus on the role of trust in scientists in attitudes toward vaccination and analysed data from Wellcome Global Monitor (Wellcome Trust, 2018), a survey conducted with more than 140,000 people in more than 140 countries. In our analysis we focused on worldwide, European, and Polish data. We assumed that higher levels of trust in scientists is related to more positive beliefs and attitudes towards vaccines. We also expected that the level of education modifies the effects in a way that the higher the education, the more positive attitudes towards vaccines. We found that trust in scientists was related to more positive attitudes toward vaccination, which was further modified by education (education exacerbated the effects of trust). That was, however, not the case for Poland, where we only found the main effect of trust but not that of education.
    5. Trust and attitudes toward vaccination: Study report
    1. Yamada, Y. (2020). Micropublishing during and after the COVID-19 era [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/8fum4

    2. 2020-06-30

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/8fum4
    4. In the COVID-19 situation, social and behavioral science evidence is accumulating rapidly through online data collection, but the options to share and publish this information are scarce. As a remedy, I recommend the adoption of micropublishing in the fields of social and behavioral sciences. While micropublishing has been gaining popularity, it is not yet widely accepted or utilized by existing academic journals. Greater implementation would improve the availability of data in the immediate COVID-19 era and establish a post-COVID-19 publishing methodology that could increase researcher and practitioner engagement in real time. I recommend micropublishing in a specific manner that bifurcates an experiment’s methodology or survey method from the subsequently published data based on that experiment protocol. Published findings could be presented in a series and edited as new data emerges. This publishing system promotes cumulative science. To provide a visual example that supports my argument, I created a demo journal with sample papers organized according to the structure I recommend. The demo journal has features—except a Digital Object Finder (DOI)—that make it possible to publish social and behavioral sciences research. It could be replicated for a newly established journal. Alternatively, existing journals could add a section dedicated to micropublication.
    5. Micropublishing during and after the COVID-19 era
    1. Sugawara, D., Masuyama, A., & kubo, takahiro. (2020). “My satisfied life was locked down!” Change of life, fear of COVID-19, negative symptoms and present, future, and past life satisfaction [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/sndpm

    2. 2020-06-30

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/sndpm
    4. The global challenge of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been emerged and continued up to now. These reports suggested that research of investigating the effect of COVIID-19 pandemic on mental health and well-being. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relations among socioeconomic changes driven from the pandemic, mental health, life satisfaction (past, current, and future), and fear of COVID-19 in Japan. 560 Japanese individuals response to demographic variables (sex, age, self-restraint, changing income), FCV-19S (Fear of COVID-19 Scale), DASS (Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale), Present, Past, and Future Life Satisfaction. Two Structural equation modeling (SEM) s conducted in this study revealed that corona fear mediated reduced time out and income and negative symptoms and current, future, and past life satisfaction. We explored the associations between changing lifestyle, mental health, fear of COVID-19, and life satisfaction during the pandemic in Japanese population. The results showed that the fear of COVID-19 was mediated by an association between reduced outgoings and income and depression and life satisfactions: current and future.
    5. “My satisfied life was locked down!” Change of life, fear of COVID-19, negative symptoms and present, future, and past life satisfaction
    1. Tso, I., & Park, S. (2020). Alarming levels of psychiatric symptoms and the role of loneliness during the COVID-19 epidemic: A case study of Hong Kong [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/wv9y2

    2. 2020-06-27

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/wv9y2
    4. Public health strategies to curb the spread of the coronavirus involve sheltering at home and social distancing have been effective in reducing the transmission rate, but the unintended consequences of prolonged social isolation on mental health has not been investigated. We conducted an online survey of residents in Hong Kong. We focused on Hong Kong for its very rapid and comprehensive response to the pandemic and strictly enacted social distancing protocols. Thus, Hong Kong is a model case for the population-wide practice of effective social distancing and provides an opportunity to examine the impact of loneliness on mental health during the COVID-19. The result of this online survey indicates a dire situation with respect to mental health. An astonishing 65.6% of the respondents reported clinical levels of depression, anxiety, and/or stress. Moreover, 22.5% of the respondents were showing signs of psychosis-risk. Loneliness, but not social network size, explained 12.0% to 29.2% of variance in these psychiatric symptoms. To mitigate the potential epidemic of mental illness in the near future, there is an urgent need to prepare clinicians, caregivers and stakeholders to focus on loneliness. Although the sociopolitical situation of Hong Kong prior to the pandemic was likely another exacerbating factor, given that sociopolitical unrest and violence are common, global problems that co-exist with the pandemic, the case of Hong Kong may prove to be prescient.
    5. Alarming levels of psychiatric symptoms and the role of loneliness during the COVID-19 epidemic: A case study of Hong Kong
    1. Nguyen, T. (2020). Report on People’s Mental Health Survey During Covid19. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/5e9kf

    2. 2020-06-27

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/5e9kf
    4. This report contains latest responses on people's mental health during Covid19 pandemic. It also highlights the need for accessible mental health care application. Invitations (https://lnkd.in/e3Ua_DD) were sent out to US citizens with at least high school degrees. We use Qualtrics system and its advanced features of anti survey stuffing, fraud scoring, and so on. At the moment of this report, we have eighty three usable entries (n=83).
    5. Report on People's Mental Health Survey During Covid19
    1. Czarnek, G., Szwed, P., & Kossowska, M. (2020). Political ideology and attitudes toward vaccination: Study report. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/uwehk

    2. 2020-06-27

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/uwehk
    4. As the relationship between ideology and attitudes towards vaccinations is usually analysed on data coming from the US context, in our analysis we analysed European data with special focus on Poland. The current findings show that the effects of ideology on vaccine are insignificant, when European context is considered. Even if there is an interactive impact of ideology and political interest, the effects are not very strong and, furthermore, they do not provide support for the “liberal bias” against vaccination. We suggest that it lack of the effects of ideology on vaccines in European context is related to the fact that vaccines have not become a strongly politicized issue as in the US.
    5. Political ideology and attitudes toward vaccination: Study report
    1. Im, H., & Chen, C. (2020). Social Distancing Around the Globe: Cultural Correlates of Reduced Mobility [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/b2s37

    2. 2020-06-27

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/b2s37
    4. Background: While the United States has struggled to keep the spread of COVID-19 at bay, many other countries have significantly stunted the number of new cases. Recent evidence suggests that cultural factors may play a key role in the spread of infection. To examine the cultural values underlying adherence to social distancing, this study used global cultural data as well as mobility scores from Google LLC’s global measurement on mobility. Methods: A composite variable for country-level engagement in social distancing was created from February 15, 2020 to June 7, 2020 (N = 14,022) across 118 countries. Segmented piece-wise multilevel modeling was used to examine the influence of cultural values of uncertainty avoidance, individualism-collectivism, tightness-looseness, and societal level of trust in three distinct time frames: 1) from February 15, 2020 to the country’s 100th COVID-19 case, 2) the first 30 days after each country’s 100th COVID-19 case, and 3) from the 31st day after the 100th case to June 7, 2020. Results: Results showed that collectivism promoted quick mobilization of social distancing behaviors while uncertainty avoidance stunted this mobilization. After the 100th case of COVID-19, high societal level of trust was related to the decline of social distancing behaviors. Interaction effects showed that countries high on uncertainty avoidance, collectivism, and tightness were all quicker to engage in social distancing at the earliest stages of the pandemic but not at the later stages. Conclusion: With the imminent second wave of COVID-19, policy makers and health scholars may explore the efficacy of culture-specific policies, strategies, and social interventions in mobilizing social distancing measures.
    5. Social Distancing Around the Globe: Cultural Correlates of Reduced Mobility
    1. Buckwalter, W., & Peterson, A. (2020). Public Attitudes Toward Allocating Scarce Resources During the COVID-19 Pandemic. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/wuvta

    2. 2020-06-28

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/wuvta
    4. The general public is subject to triage policies that allocate scarce lifesaving resources during the COVID-19 pandemic, one of the worst public health emergencies in the past 100 years. However, public attitudes toward ethical principles underlying triage policies used during this pandemic are not well understood. Three experiments (preregistered; online samples; N = 1,868; U.S. residents) assessed attitudes toward ethical principles underlying triage policies. The experiments evaluated assessments of utilitarian, egalitarian, prioritarian, and social usefulness principles in conditions arising during the COVID-19 pandemic, involving resource scarcity, resource reallocation, and bias in resource allocation toward at-risk groups, such as the elderly or people of color. We found that participants agreed with utilitarian and prioritarian principles for allocating scarce resources during initial allocation and disagreed with egalitarian and social usefulness principles. However, support for these principles did not extend to resource reallocation between existing patients. Lastly, participants did not agree with utilitarian principles when they disadvantaged at-risk groups, such as people of color and people with disabilities. Abandoning utilitarian principles that disadvantaged people of color in favor of equitable allocation resulted in significantly more agreement with triage policy. Understanding these attitudes can contribute to developing triage policies, increase trust in health systems, and assist them in achieving their goals of patient care during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    5. Public Attitudes Toward Allocating Scarce Resources During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    1. Dymecka, J., Gerymski, R., & Machnik-Czerwik, A. (2020). How does stress affect our life satisfaction during COVID-19 pandemic? Moderated mediation analysis of sense of coherence and fear of coronavirus [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/3zjrx

    2. 2020-06-25

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/3zjrx
    4. COVID-19 is a significant threat to human life and health, which makes people experience fear, stress, anxiety and mood disorders, which have a negative impact on their psychological well-being. One of the resources that makes people manage stress better is a sense of coherence, which also has a positive impact on quality of life. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between fear of COVID-19, stress, a sense of coherence, and life satisfaction during the coronavirus pandemic. 907 Polish people (522 women and 385 men) participated in this study. Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FOC-6), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-29) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) were used in the study. It was verified that the relationship between stress and life satisfaction was mediated by sense of coherence. The relationship between stress and sense of coherence was moderated by fear of COVID-19. The fear of COVID-19 acted as a buffer in the relationship between stress and a sense of coherence - it weakened the impact of stress on the sense of coherence. This study is the first to verify the proposed model of moderated mediation during the COVID-19 pandemic. The analyses were performed on a very large sample. This manuscript draws attention to the important role of fear of COVID-19 and the sense of coherence in our functioning. The sense of coherence can, by effectively managing stress and reducing the level of anxiety, affect subjective well-being.
    5. How does stress affect our life satisfaction during COVID-19 pandemic? Moderated mediation analysis of sense of coherence and fear of coronavirus
    1. Privacy Preserving Data Analysis of Personal Data (May 27, 2020). (n.d.). Retrieved June 25, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=11&v=wRI84xP0cVw&feature=emb_logo

    2. 2020-05-27

    3. The most valuable data is often the most sensitive. In this webinar we explore the privacy issues that need to be considered when collecting and analysing sensitive data. Professor Simon Dennis presents empirical work that identifies how people make decisions about the acceptability of research projects and will introduce a new data analysis language ("Private") that addresses the failures of popular statistical languages like R or python. The Private language code is available on github: https://github.com/complex-human-data... An introduction to the Private language on Simon Dennis' blog: https://simondennis.blog/2019/08/06/a... Weniger anzeigen Mehr ansehen
    4. Privacy Preserving Data Analysis of Personal Data (May 27, 2020)
    1. Using Smartphone, Social Media, and Sensor Data for Psychological Research (May 13, 2020). (n.d.). Retrieved June 25, 2020, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=3&v=vSvnJzCfstU&feature=emb_logo

    2. 2020-05-13

    3. In this webinar, Professor Simon Dennis speaks about the collection and analysis methods that are applicable to experience sampling data from dense data sources. Smartphones, social media networks, wearable sensors and the internet of things are being used to provide an unparalleled window into psychological processes as they occur in the real world. He presents some of the current psychological research that has used these technologies in the fields of clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, and psychiatry. Professor Dennis is the Director of the Complex Human Data Hub at the University of Melbourne, and CEO of Unforgettable Research Services.
    4. Using Smartphone, Social Media, and Sensor Data for Psychological Research (May 13, 2020)
    1. Okabe-Miyamoto, K., Folk, D. P., Lyubomirsky, S., & Dunn, E. W. (2020). Changes in Social Connection During COVID-19 Social Distancing: It’s Not (Household) Size That Matters, It’s Who You’re With [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/zdq6y

    2. 2020-06-25

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/zdq6y
    4. In an effort to slow down the transmission of COVID-19, countries around the world implemented social distancing and stay-at-home policies—potentially compelling people to rely more on household members for their sense of closeness and belonging. To understand the conditions under which people felt the most connected, we examined whether changes in overall feelings of social connection varied as a function of household size and household composition. In two pre-registered studies, undergraduates in Canada (NStudy 1 = 548) and adults primarily from the U.S. and U.K. (NStudy 2 = 336) reported on their perceived social connection once before and once during the pandemic. In both studies, living with a romantic partner robustly and uniquely buffered shifts in social connection during the first phases of the pandemic (βStudy 1 = .22, βStudy 2 = .16). In contrast, neither household size nor other aspects of household composition predicted changes in connection. We discuss implications for future social distancing policies that aim to balance physical health with psychological health.
    5. Changes in Social Connection During COVID-19 Social Distancing: It’s Not (Household) Size That Matters, It’s Who You’re With
    1. van de Groep, S., Zanolie, K., Green, K., Sweijen, S., & Crone, E. (2020). A daily diary study on adolescents’ mood, concern for others, and giving behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/xny2g

    2. 2020-06-25

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/xny2g
    4. Adolescence is a formative phase for social development. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and associated social distancing measures social contact with peers has been severely limited. In the current three-week daily diary study, we investigated the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown and associated social distancing measures on Dutch adolescents’ mood, concern for others, and social behavior. Longitudinal analyses including measures before the pandemic showed that adolescents reported decreased levels of empathic concern, opportunities for prosocial actions, and tension, and increased levels of perspective taking and vigor during the first weeks of lockdown. We also investigated giving towards targets associated with the COVID-19 pandemic utilizing novel Dictator Games, and how this was influenced by individual differences in empathy, contributions to society, and opportunities for prosocial actions. Adolescents showed higher levels of giving (i.e., 51 – 78% of the total share) to targets associated with the COVID-19 pandemic (i.e., doctor in hospital, individuals with COVID-19 or a poor immune system) and close others (a friend) compared to unfamiliar peers. Individuals who showed higher levels of empathic concern, gave more to others, regardless of target. Finally, adolescents who showed higher levels of general contributions to society gave more to an unfamiliar peer and friend, and those who showed higher levels of opportunities for prosocial actions gave more to individuals with a poor immune system and COVID-19. Overall, these results shed new light on adolescence as a crucial period in life for social interactions, and as a phase that is not only characterized by risk factors, but also by resilience and a willingness to meaningfully contribute to others and society.
    5. A daily diary study on adolescents’ mood, concern for others, and giving behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic
    1. Groarke, J., Berry, E., Wisener, L.-G., McKenna-Plumley, P., McGlinchey, E., & Armour, C. (2020). Loneliness in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cross-sectional results from The COVID-19 Psychological Wellbeing Study [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/j2pce

    2. 2020-06-25

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/j2pce
    4. Objectives: Loneliness is a significant public health issue. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in lockdown measures limiting social contact. The UK public are worried about the impact of these measures on mental health outcomes. Understanding the prevalence and predictors of loneliness at this time is a priority issue for research. Design: The study employed a cross-sectional online survey design. Method: Baseline data collected between March 23rd and April 24th 2020 from UK adults in the COVID-19 Psychological Wellbeing Study were analysed (N = 1963, 18-87 years, M = 37.11, SD = 12.86, 70% female). Logistic regression analysis was used to look at the influence of sociodemographic, social, health and COVID-19 specific factors on loneliness. Results: The prevalence of loneliness was 27% (530/1963). Risk factors for loneliness were younger age group (OR: 4.67 – 5.31), being separated or divorced (OR: 2.29), meeting clinical criteria for major depression (OR: 1.74), greater emotion regulation difficulties (OR: 1.04), and poor quality sleep due to the COVID-19 crisis (OR: 1.30). Higher levels of social support (OR: 0.92), being married/co-habiting (OR: 0.35) and living with a great number of adults (OR: 0.87) were protective factors. Conclusions: Rates of loneliness during the initial phase of lockdown were high. Risk factors were not specific to the COVID-19 crisis. Findings suggest that supportive interventions to reduce loneliness should prioritise younger people and those with mental health symptoms. Improving emotion regulation and sleep quality may be optimal initial targets to reduce the impact of COVID-19 regulations on mental health outcomes.
    5. Loneliness in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cross-sectional results from The COVID-19 Psychological Wellbeing Study
    1. Brik, A. B. (2020). COVID 19 FAMILY LIFE STUDY [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/gcqhp

    2. 2020-06-25

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/gcqhp
    4. The COVID-19 Family Life Study is a research study that explores the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on family life across cultures. The data was collected via snowball sampling starting May 30, 2020 through a survey instrument that was translated by volunteers into 18 languages. The study provides robust and reliable data to inform the design and delivery of cutting-edge services for families across cultures.
    1. Gvirts, H. Z. (2020). The Balcony Party – Mitigation of social isolation during the coronavirus outbreak [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/rp5nh

    2. 2020-06-24

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/rp5nh
    4. With the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, there is a growing need for assessing the psychological costs of social isolation (SI). We examine whether the balcony party can help people cope better with SI during the COVID-19 outbreak. We examined the psychological effects of SI on persons in Israel and Italy between March 23th, 2020 and April 2th, 2020. A total of 303 quarantined persons responded to a Web-based survey. We found that the effect of balcony parties on the psychological costs of SI is dependent on the level of social isolation. Those who experienced high levels of SI perceived the balcony parties as more beneficial in inducing positive affect and reducing negative affect in comparison to those who experienced low levels of SI. The opposite pattern was observed when individuals were asked about their participation in these parties: individuals with high levels of SI experienced balcony parties as less beneficial than similar pre-outbreak gathering events, while individuals with low levels of social isolation showed an opposite pattern. Finally, for those with high SI, balcony parties did not meet the expectation of creating feelings of communal solidarity. However, a discrepancy between high SI expectations and experience was not found for those with low SI. Our findings demonstrate that the balcony parties are beneficial in reducing the emotional cost of social isolation – but only for those who feel low levels of SI. The fact that individuals with high levels of SI expected more out of these parties suggests the need to develop interventions aimed at optimizing their expectations. As society enters a new period in which the costs of social distancing may be higher, our findings are valuable for understanding the psychological battle that individuals face while in social isolation.
    5. The Balcony Party – Mitigation of social isolation during the coronavirus outbreak
    1. Xuereb, S., Kim, H. S., Clark, L., & Wohl, M. (2020). Substitution behaviors among casino gamblers during COVID-19 precipitated casino closures. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/fvnmb

    2. 2020-06-24

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/fvnmb
    4. Objective. The COVID-19 pandemic triggered the closure of licensed casinos throughout North America in Spring 2020. This study sought to examine how gamblers responded to the COVID-19 lockdown, including migration to online gambling, and changes in substance use and use of other technologies. Method. We conducted an online cross-sectional study of US residents. 424 individuals with past three months gambling involvement were surveyed on 9 April 2020. Self-reported changes in online gambling and other addictive behaviors since the onset of COVID-19, problem gambling severity, and readiness to change were measured. Results. Overall, online gambling decreased following the onset of COVID-19 casino closures, t(220)=-2.87, p=0.003, 95%CI [-0.546, -0.101], d=0.193, while alcohol, p<0.001, tobacco, p=0.001, and cannabis use, p=0.01, increased among gamblers. Among gamblers who reported no online gambling involvement prior to COVID-19, 15% reported migrating to online gambling under lockdown. These migrators had higher levels of problem gambling, F=37.7, p<0.001, 𝜂2=0.152, and lower income, F=5.50, p=0.004, 𝜂2=0.025, than gamblers who had never gambled online. Conclusions. The response to COVID-19 is heterogeneous: in the short-term, the majority of gamblers reported reducing their online gambling, but increasing their substance use. A minority of gamblers appear to have substituted casino gambling with online gambling. As these individuals are characterized by problem gambling symptoms and lower income, they may be considered a vulnerable group.
    5. Substitution behaviors among casino gamblers during COVID-19 precipitated casino closures
    1. Romero, E., López-Romero, L., Domínguez-Álvarez, B., Villar, P., & Gómez-Fraguela, J. A. (2020). Testing the effects of COVID-19 confinement in Spanish children: The role of parents’ distress, emotional problems and specific parenting [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/spxtw

    2. 2020-06-24

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/spxtw
    4. The COVID-19 outbreak has caused a great impact in our society. Because of its rapid spread, many countries, including Spain, were forced to impose drastic measures (i.e., restrictive lockdowns) to guarantee social distancing and isolation. In some countries, like Spain, these measures were particularly restrictive for children, who were forced to stay at home for more than 40 days, suffering a drastic change in their daily routines. The present study aimed to examine the effects of the Spanish confinement derived from the COVID-19 crisis on children and their families, accounting for child’s age. A range of child negative (e.g., conduct problems) and positive outcomes (e.g., routine maintenance) were examined, along with a set of parent-related variables, including resilience, perceived distress, emotional problems, parenting distress and specific parenting practices (e.g., structured or avoidant parenting), which were modeled through Path Analysis to better understand child adjustment. Data was collected in April 2020, through parent-reports, on a sample of 1,123 Spanish children (50% girls) aged three to 12 (Mage = 7.26; SD = 2.39). Results suggested that, according to parents’ information, most children did not show important changes in behavior, although some increase rates were observed for both negative and positive outcomes. Child adjustment was influenced by a chain of effects, derived from parents’ perceived distress and emotional response to the COVID-19 crisis, via parenting distress and specific parenting practices. While parenting distress particularly triggered child negative outcomes, specific parenting practices were more closely related to child positive outcomes. These findings may help to better inform, for potential future outbreaks, effective guidelines and prevention programs aimed at promoting child’s well-being in the family.
    5. Testing the effects of COVID-19 confinement in Spanish children: The role of parents’ distress, emotional problems and specific parenting
    1. Nick Brown on Twitter: “Some interesting (to me) details about the retracted Clark et al. article. One thread per detail. This is thread #1: The preregistration. (There may only be one thread, depending on my motivation levels; it’s a beautiful day here and the park beckons.) /1 https://t.co/CT4LAaN1pg” / Twitter. (n.d.). Twitter. Retrieved June 19, 2020, from https://twitter.com/sTeamTraen/status/1273615371375988737

    2. I hope the reader will forgive me if I say that my reaction to this is more likely to be spontaneous combustion than spontaneous applause. /10 /end
    3. Aside: A friend who works for a large consumer products company once told me that when they make a 10,000-litre batch of their "herbal extract" shampoo, they add 10 millilitres of actual herbal extract to the vat. That's what this feels like. Semi-homeopathic open science. /9
    4. So the article got the "preregistered" badge (arguably the journal's problem), and the authors themselves used the keyword "preregistered", on the basis of exactly one exploratory analysis, suggested by the reviewers, and written up in the supplement as having unclear effects. /8
    5. Here's the preregistration. It was "preregistered" on June 3, 2019. That's 130 days ***after the manuscript was submitted***. It describes a preregistered analysis of... the possible effect of adding an extra explanatory variable to the models that are already in the paper. /7
    6. Still, there must be plenty of other examples, right? After all, "preregistered" is a keyword. Let's find the next occurrence of "prereg". Oh. It's in the coda. Still, we get a link to this doubtless extensive preregistration. I might start getting excited again. /6
    7. The next three mentions of "prereg" are in the Methods section, where for some reasons the authors seem to have become somewhat lukewarm about preregistration. ¯\_(ツ)_/¯ /5
    8. (By the way, that image also contains the date on whiuch the manuscript was received: January 25, 2019. Keep that in your mind.) /4
    9. Let's look for the results of any preregistered analyses in the article. The strings "prereg" and "pre-reg" find only a few hits. Here's the first: a keyword! Strong start there. This article is clearly going to be a feast of open science practices. /3
    10. Clark et al. received Psychological Science's "preregistered" badge. Here are the criteria for awarding that badge, from the journal's web site. /2
    11. Some interesting (to me) details about the retracted Clark et al. article. One thread per detail. This is thread #1: The preregistration. (There may only be one thread, depending on my motivation levels; it's a beautiful day here and the park beckons.) /1
    12. 2020-06-18

    1. 20200611_China_Report.pdf | Con la tecnología de Box. (n.d.). Retrieved June 18, 2020, from https://stanford.app.box.com/v/sio-twitter-prc-june-2020

    2. 2020-06-17

    3. On June 11, 2020, Twitter announced the takedown of a collection of 23,750accounts attributed to the People’s Republic of China (PRC), with technicalindicators linking the operation to the same actor responsible for the networkof 200,000 accounts suspended inAugust 2019. Most of the 23,750 accounts inthis disclosure were caught relatively quickly and thus failed to gain traction onthe platform. Twitter’s assessment of the operation notes that these accountswere themselves part of a larger network, the remainder of which primarilyserved to retweet the core; the amplifiers were not included in the publictakedown data set.This June 2020 PRC-attributed operation had considerable topical overlapwith the August 2019 operation, particularly concerning the pro-democracymovement in Hong Kong andattacks on Chinese billionaire Guo Wengui(nowin exile in the United States). A small portion of the tweets occurred during thesame timeframe as the 2019 operation, involving accounts found after that firsttakedown. However, more significantly, it appears that the PRC simply creatednew accounts to talk about the same topics after losing the first network. Thepersonas are not well-developed and have no biographies or backstories thatclearly articulate who they are supposed to be; the tone of the content createsthe perception that the tweets are the opinions of an average Chinese person.One notable narrative addition in this takedown is content related to the coro-navirus pandemic. Other recent research, such asan analysis by Bellingcat,suggested the emergence of COVID-19 as a topical focus for likely-CCP ac-counts; this takedown offers concrete confirmation. The COVID-19 relatedcontent includes tweets cheerleading for the Chinese government, emphasiz-ing Chinese unity, calling for global unity, and praising doctors and medicalworkers. It also pointedly criticizes the US epidemic response, quibbles overthe international perception that Taiwan’s response was superior to China’s,and attacks Guo Wengui for allegedly spreading false news on the coronavirusand “discrediting China”.
    4. Sockpuppets Spin COVID Yarns: An Analysis ofPRC-Attributed June 2020 Twitter takedown
    1. Beachum, L., national, closeLateshia B. assignment reporter E. H. closeAlex H. assignment reporter covering, & newsEmailEmailBioBioFollowFollow, breaking. (n.d.). Is social isolation getting to you? Here’s how to know — and what experts say to do. Washington Post. Retrieved April 9, 2020, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/2020/04/04/social-isolation-mental-health-help/

    1. Ferguson, N., Laydon, D., Nedjati Gilani, G., Imai, N., Ainslie, K., Baguelin, M., Bhatia, S., Boonyasiri, A., Cucunuba Perez, Z., Cuomo-Dannenburg, G., Dighe, A., Dorigatti, I., Fu, H., Gaythorpe, K., Green, W., Hamlet, A., Hinsley, W., Okell, L., Van Elsland, S., … Ghani, A. (2020). Report 9: Impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to reduce COVID19 mortality and healthcare demand. Imperial College London. https://doi.org/10.25561/77482

    1. Goldman, P. S., Ijzendoorn, M. H. van, Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S., Goldman, P. S., Ijzendoorn, M. H. van, Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Bradford, B., Christopoulos, A., Cuthbert, C., Duchinsky, R., Fox, N. A., Grigoras, S., Gunnar, M. R., Ibrahim, R. W., Johnson, D., Kusumaningrum, S., Ken, P. L. A., Mwangangi, F. M., Nelson, C. A., … Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2020). The implications of COVID-19 for the care of children living in residential institutions. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30130-9

    1. Zimmermann, M., Bledsoe, C., & Papa, A. (2020). The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on College Student Mental Health: A Longitudinal Examination of Risk and Protective Factors [Preprint]. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/2y7hu

    2. 2020-06-18

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/2y7hu
    4. The spread of the novel coronavirus has led to unprecedented changes in daily living. College students (N = 205) completed a battery of questionnaires in April of 2020, after having completed similar measures 8, 5, and 2 months prior as part of a larger study. A repeated measures ANOVA suggested significantly greater depression and anxiety symptom severity during the pandemic than at any other time during the 2019-2020 academic year. Static and modifiable factors associated with psychological distress and controlling for pre-existing psychological distress were examined. Cognitive and behavioral avoidance was the most consistent predictor of psychological distress during the pandemic. Online social engagement and problematic Internet use also conferred greater risk. Women and Latinx participants were more likely to experience elevated distress during the pandemic, even when controlling for distress prior to the pandemic.
    5. The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on College Student Mental Health: A Longitudinal Examination of Risk and Protective Factors
    1. Schmidt, A., Brose, A., Kramer, A., Schmiedek, F., Witthöft, M., & Neubauer, A. (2020). Cyclical Across-Day Dynamics of Corona-Related Media Exposure and Worries in People’s Everyday Lives During the COVID-19 Pandemic. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/rea57

    2. 2020-06-18

    3. 10.31234/osf.io/rea57
    4. This study investigated the within- and across-day associations between Corona-related media exposure and Corona-related worries during the COVID-19 crisis in late March to April 2020 in Germany. In a 21-day online diary study based on a convenience sample of parents of school-aged children (N = 561; Mage = 42.79, SDage = 6.12), same-day analyses revealed more Corona-related worries on days with higher exposure to Corona-related media (e.g., TV, print, online). Examining the across-day relations among Corona-related media exposure and worries, we found evidence for a reciprocal cycle, indicating that higher media exposure at one day predicted higher worries the next day and that higher worries at one day predicted higher media exposure the next day. Furthermore, individuals with high trait anxiety reported higher media exposure and more worries during the 21 days of assessment, and individuals high in neuroticism on average reported more worries.
    5. Cyclical Across-Day Dynamics of Corona-Related Media Exposure and Worries in People’s Everyday Lives During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    1. Scholarly publishers are working together to maximize efficiency during COVID-19 pandemic. (2020, April 27). OASPA. https://oaspa.org/scholarly-publishers-working-together-during-covid-19-pandemic/

    2. Scholarly publishers are working together to maximize the efficiency of peer review, ensuring that key work related to COVID-19 is reviewed and published as quickly and openly as possible. The group of publishers and scholarly communications organizations — initially comprising eLife, Hindawi, PeerJ, PLOS, Royal Society, F1000 Research, FAIRsharing, Outbreak Science, and PREreview — is working on initiatives and standards to speed up the review process while ensuring rigor and reproducibility remain paramount. The group has issued an Open Letter of Intent and is launching an initiative to ensure a rapid, efficient, yet responsible review of COVID-19 content.
    1. Research we do not fund | The Leverhulme Trust. (n.d.). Retrieved June 17, 2020, from https://www.leverhulme.ac.uk/research-we-do-not-fund

    2. What kinds of research are not eligible for Leverhulme Trust funding? Both because of the substantial funding available from other sources for applied medical research, and the Trust’s priority to support investigations of a fundamental nature, we do not fund studies of disease, illness and disabilities in humans and animals, or research that is intended to inform clinical practice or the development of medical applications Policy-driven research where the principal objective is to assemble an evidence base for immediate policy initiatives Proposals for the following are also ineligible for Leverhulme Trust support: Research where advocacy is an explicit component Research aimed principally at an immediate commercial application Proposals in which the balance between assembling a data bank or database and the related subsequent research is heavily inclined to the former Guidance on eligibility If you are uncertain about the eligibility of your proposal, please contact us before beginning an application.
    3. Research we do not fund
    1. r/BehSciMeta—Comment by u/UHahn on ”What is the impact of retraction of scientific studies reported in news media?”. (n.d.). Reddit. Retrieved June 17, 2020, from https://www.reddit.com/r/BehSciMeta/comments/gyw43b/what_is_the_impact_of_retraction_of_scientific/ftp5w1p

    2. 2020-06-11

    3. what impact it will have, I guess depends crucially on whether scientists can argue that 'best practice was followed' (see also Victor's comments).The problem is that, as you point out, we arguably don't yet have a consensus around code and data sharing, though there has been a huge push in that direction in recent years.I've personally been a bit lukewarm about some of that in the past, precisely because of the resource issue and the fact that often it seems to me to make more sense in terms of the field's resources to just run a study again.But I'd definitely argue that at the moment, the reverse is true: we need to spot errors more rapidly than in 'normal science'.
    4. What is the impact of retraction of scientific studies reported in news media?
    1. This pre-print endeavours to further the current understanding of how to communicate health information to the global public effectively. The study also aims to test competing theories about risk communication. The experimenters aim to test competing hypotheses in the context of framing messages in terms of losses versus gains. A gain-frame describes the process of framing a message focused on the positive outcome. A loss-frame describes the process of framing a message on the costs or the loss, such as opportunity cost. The present study aims to examine the effects on four primary outcomes. These outcomes are intentions to adhere to policies designed to prevent the spread of COVID-19, opinions about such policies, the likelihood that participants seek additional policy information, and experience anxiety. The researchers on the project suggest that results could be of particular interest to health organisations, policymakers, and news outlets. Results pending.
    2. A global test of message framing on behavioural intentions, policy support, information seeking, and experienced anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic https://t.co/oIBXORAWwM
    3. r/BehSciResearch—A global test of message framing on behavioural intentions, policy support, information seeking, and experienced anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic https://t.co/oIBXORAWwM. (n.d.). Reddit. Retrieved June 17, 2020, from https://www.reddit.com/r/BehSciResearch/comments/g7zj9f/a_global_test_of_message_framing_on_behavioural/

    4. 2020-04-25

    1. You might try to defend a uni-disciplinary approach by arguing a decision-maker will mainly be fed other, biased uni-disciplinary approaches, and you have to get your discipline into the mix to avoid obliteration of its viewpoint.  But let’s be clear what is going on here: you are deliberately manipulating with a deliberately non-truthy approach (I intend those words as a description, not a condemnation).  If that’s what it is, I wish to describe it that way!  I’ll also note I’ve never done that deliberately myself, and that is along many years of advising at a variety of levels.  I’d rather give the best truthful account as I see it.
    2. How to think about uni-disciplinary advice
    3. Affairs, C., Economics, Medicine, & Science, P. (2020, May 15). How to think about uni-disciplinary advice. Marginal REVOLUTION. https://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2020/05/how-to-think-about-uni-disciplinary-advice.html

    4. 2020-05-15