544 Matching Annotations
  1. Aug 2022
    1. All in all the internet seems to be getting smaller and smaller, I don't use any social media apart from HN and Reddit, and I only use Reddit because I seem to still be addicted to it since it's probably one of the most censored of all of them.10 years ago as a 20 year old I benefited greatly from how the internet was, here is an example: I grew up on the idea that there was nothing wrong with porn, and there isn't per se, and no one ever spoke about addiction like behavior when it came to watching it, then one day I discover a controversial post on Reddit and dove down the rabbit hole and lo and behold I had the same problems as this community of people trying to quit watching it, and I benefited from their experiences and knowledge, same about discovering communities against social media like Facebook, which pushed me to research the subject and deleting my account, etc. but now it seems like any controversial community is quickly banned or pushed aside in its own unfindable bubble and that to me is a great loss.I want to see people have an opposite opinion than mine, and I want to be able to get into heated non censored discussions in comment sections and get suggestions about articles, studies and content to challenge my views.

      Opinions different from your own exist only in "unfindable bubbles" on today's internet.

  2. Jul 2022
  3. www.peoplevsalgorithms.com www.peoplevsalgorithms.com
    1. Media is a game of intent and attention. The most valuable platforms dominate one or the other. Few win at both. On the internet, our intent is funneled into commercial action.

      people vs. algorithms

    1. I think actually the most critical component is going to be leveraging existing security mechanisms that have been built for resilience and incorporating those into these devices, which is actually what I'm building right now. That's what Thistle Technologies is doing, we're trying to help companies get to that place where they've got modern security mechanisms in their devices without having to build all the infrastructure that's required in order to deliver that. 

      Third-party tool for IoT device updates

      Trying to make them as regular and predictable as what we have for desktop devices now.

    1. WiFi QR code is simply a text QR code with a special format as follows:WIFI:S:<SSID>;T:<WEP|WPA|blank>;P:<PASSWORD>;H:<true|false|blank>;;The S sets the SSID of the network, T defines the security in use, P is the password and H whether the network is hidden or not.

      WiFi QR code format

    1. The internet, as a mediator of human interactions, is not a place, it is a time. It is the past. I mean this in a literal sense. The layers of artifice that mediate our online interactions mean that everything that comes to us online comes to us from the past—sometimes the very recent past, but the past nonetheless.
    1. . Denn durch das Aufkommen der neu-en Medien, insbesondere des Internets, tragen Medien nichtnur in sich und an sich bereits Botschaften aus, sondern werdenselbst zu ontologischen Faktoren unserer Lebenswelt, hinter de-nen ihr medialer und technologischer Charakter zunehmendverschwinde

      Verschwindet der technologische Charakter u.a. auch aufgrund der Fluidität, der Reibungslosigkeit, wie sie auch Floridi anspricht?

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. National Emergency Library

      Internet Archive's National Emergency Library

      Also not CDL: no limit on simultaneous use, author opt-out, book must have been published more than 5 years prior.

  4. Jun 2022
    1. kollektive person kennen wir auch durch zb staaten oder auch unternehmen juristische personen

      Korporationen - Kollektive - schon wieder ein latourscher Begriff

    2. hier hat man jetzt schon aus soziologischer sicht eine ganz ähnliche blickrichtung auf diese finden also ein sehr lesenswertes buch für diejenigen unter ihnen die sich ihre soziologisch diesem phänomen der 00:06:26 digitalität zuwenden wollen

      Manuel Castells - Der Aufstieg der Netzwerkgesellschaft

    3. der raum der ströme und die zeitlose zeit

      Man kann nicht zweimal in dasselbe Internet steigen.

    1. das internet verdienen eigentlich gar nicht mehr so meine these medium 00:11:52 genannt zu werden weil das internet vermittelt nicht primär wie es zum beispiel ein telefonbuch oder ein anderes medium eine zeitung oder so die 00:12:04 zwischen einem sender und einem empfänger irgendeine information getauscht sondern das internet selbst ist gewissermaßen eine neue ebene die 00:12:16 sender und empfänger auf derselben ebene miteinander in beziehung setzt und eben diese unterscheidung dadurch auf hebt das internet ist nicht nur ein medium es ist ein virtueller handlungsraum auf dem 00:12:31 natürlich wieder neuen medien entstehen können das sei unbestrittenes geht internet zeitschrift und ganz klar die dann wieder diesem sender boten modell entsprechen aber das internet selbst 00:12:43 scheint mir nicht mehr im rahmen eines mediums medienbetriebs adäquat erfassen zu sein das heißt die neuen medien verändern nicht nur unsere weise der wahl gewählt was sich sicherlich tun sind sie schaffen auch neue realität 00:12:56 nämlich virtuelle realität das internet wird schon sagt ist nicht nur ein medium ist es auch im medium aber ich glaube nicht vor allem soll jetzt ein virtueller handlungsraum
    1. einkaufsmeilen aber die straßen usw spricht die infrastruktur zum glück in deutschland jedenfalls ist nicht so stark kommerzialisiert das beginnt jetzt mit einer autobahn-maut

      Freie Infrastruktur als grundsätzlich demokratische Forderung, bezieht sich auch auf das Internet

    2. wikipedia und das ist in meinen augen ein paradigma für die erkenntnistheorie die app is technologie der digitalität

      Wikipedia als Paradigma für die Erkenntnistheorie des Internets

    1. sicherlich kann das internet auch ein raum des kommerzes seien aber in seiner 00:37:23 grundstruktur sollte ist das nicht sein

      So sollte auch ein so basaler Aspekt wie die Aufmerksamkeit nicht kommerzialisiert werden. Wenn mein Instagram Feed derart konzipiert ist, dass er mir immerzu das zeigt, was meine Aufmerksamkeit bindet, damit ich Werbeeinnahmen einspielen kann, richtet sich das gegen das, wie mE das Internet sein sollte. Es ist dann im Bereich des Grundsätzlichen schon kein freier Raum mehr.

    2. das internet hat als eine gewissermaßen eine transzendente tendenz es die in seiner richtung her vom intranet von etwas abgekapselten zum 00:27:11 internet als hatten sich die tendenz alle grenzen zu überschreiten und alles miteinander zu vernetzen alles miteinander in beziehung zu setzen das finde ich interessant das internet besitzt und es auch nicht interessanter 00:27:24 punkt eine epidemische eigenlogik die vor allem mit dem suchen nach informationen

      Transzendente Tendenz des Internets - umgreifende Vernetzung - Erinnert mich jetzt an die Zone der nächsten Entwicklung von Vygotsky. Hat das lernende Subjekt auch eine transzendente Tendenz?

    1. Even if the original webpage disappears, you can often use this informationto locate an archived version using the Wayback Machine, a project of theInternet Archive that preserves a record of websites: https://archive.org/web/.

      It would be useful to suggest here:

      Ideally one's note taking applications would automatically archive web pages to the Internet Archive as you take notes from them. This means that if they should disappear in the future, you'd have recourse to a useful and workable back up.

    1. We write on behalf of plaintiffs Hachette Book Group, Inc., HarperCollins PublishersLLC, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and Penguin Random House LLC (the “Plaintiffs”) to request apre-motion summary judgment conference pursuant to Individual Practice 2(B).

      Purpose of Letter

    1. I write on behalf of Defendant Internet Archive pursuant to Paragraph 2-B of Your Honor’s IndividualPractices to request a pre-motion conference on a motion for summary judgment in the above matter.

      A letter from the law firm representing the Internet Archives that summarizes the four-point fair use argument and details the extraordinary circumstances behind the the IA's National Emergency Library.

      Hachette Book Group, Inc. et al. v. Internet Archive, Case No. 1:20-CV-04160-JGK

      RECAP's archive of the docket from PACER

    1. And that identity, like most of us was white, male, American, and vaguely libertarian. That's how the Internet got personified in those early days. Again, this wasn't everyone If you gathered all of us to talk about those early days, the women, the people of color, they would tell different stories. But it was most of us.

      Early culture on the internet: "white, male, American, and vaguely libertarian"

  5. May 2022
    1. Instead of emphasizing the role of popular innovation and amateur invention, the dominant myths in internet history focus on the trajectory of a single military-funded experiment in computer networking: the Arpanet. Though fascinating, the Arpanet story excludes the everyday culture of personal computing and grassroots internetworking. In truth, the histories of Arpanet and BBS networks were interwoven—socially and materially—as ideas, technologies, and people flowed between them

      Interwoven history between Arpanet and BBS networks

      There is some truth to this statement. The necessary protocol underpinnings were from the Arpanet part of the pair, but the social pieces were derived from BBS interconnections via dialup protocols like UUCP. Is there an evolutionary link between UUCP and NNTP?

      In the calls for loosely linked independent social networks to replace the large, global private social networks, there are echos of loosely connected BBS networks.

    1. Zugsystem ausklügelt, das dieOpfer möglichst schnell und reibungslos nach Auschwitz bringt, darübervergißt, was in Auschwitz mit ihnen geschieht.

      nicht vergleichbar, aber auch ein Bsp für Technik, die dadurch, dass sie als Selbstzweck missverstanden wird, missbraucht wird - Facebook und der Menschenhandel -- siehe Jan Böhmermann Folge zu Facebookleaks

    Tags

    Annotators

    1. The idea of Public Service Internet platforms is one of those alternatives, where “users manage their data, download and re-use their self-curated data for reuse on other platforms [… which] minimise and decentralise data storage and have no need to monetise and monitor Internet use” (Fuchs & Unterberger, 2021, p. 13).
    1. We've had three things happen simultaneously: we've moved from an open web where people start lots of small projects to one where it really feels like if you're not on a Facebook or a YouTube, you're not going to reach a billion users, and at that point, why is it worth doing this? Second, we've developed a financial model of surveillance capitalism, where the default model for all of these tools is we're going to collect as much information as we can about you and monetize your attention. Then we've developed a model for financing these, which is venture capital, where we basically say it is your job to grow as quickly as possible, to get to the point where you have a near monopoly on a space and you can charge monopoly rents. Get rid of two aspects of that equation and things are quite different.

      How We Got Here: Concentration of Reach, Surveillance Capitalism, and Venture Capital

      These three things combined drove the internet's trajectory. Without these three components, we wouldn't have seen the concentration of private social spaces and the problems that came with them.

  6. Apr 2022
    1. Funnily enough one of the reasons I started looking into the decentralized social media space in 2016, which ultimately led me to go on to create Mastodon, were rumours that Twitter, the platform I’d been a daily user of for years at that point, might get sold to another controversial billionaire.

      😬

    1. The Internet owes its strength and success to a foundation of critical properties that, when combined, represent the Internet Way of Networking (IWN). This includes: an accessible Infrastructure with a common protocol, a layered architecture of interoperable building blocks, decentralized management and distributed routing, a common global identifier system, and a technology neutral, general-purpose network.

      Definition of the Internet Way of Networking

    1. All the evidence indicates that at the edge of the Internet lies an endless frontier of new potential applications and that new transmission technologies are eagerly absorbed as we have seen with the arrival of smartphones, 4G and 5G. The Internet continues to evolve as new ideas for its use and implementation bubble to the surface in the minds of inventors everywhere.

      Will the future of the internet always be open

      This paragraph has an embedded assumption that open standards of encapsulated protocols will continue to the the norm on the internet. Is there so much momentum in that direction that we can assume this to be true? What would it look like if this started to change?

    1. Si a tu hijo le preocupa el acoso en persona o en internet, es importante que le asegures que no está solo y que siempre puede hablar contigo o con otro adulto de confianza. Cuanto más les hables a tus hijos sobre el acoso, más cómodos se sentirán a la hora de decirte si han sido testigos o víctimas de esta práctica. Habla con ellos a diario, pregúntales cómo les ha ido en la escuela y en sus actividades en internet e interésate por sus sentimientos. Es posible que algunos niños no expresen sus emociones verbalmente, así que deberías estar atento para percibir cualquier conducta nerviosa o agresiva que pueda indicar que algo va mal.

      La comunicación es esencial para que los padres identifiquen cuales son las situaciones de riesgo, cabe recordar que todo proceso de los niños, niñas u adolescentes debe estar protegido a través de la corresponsabilidad, en la cual se encuentra estado, sociedad y padres o cuidadores responsables, esto mas que una obligación legar es una necesidad moral de los profesionales que enseñamos tanto a padres como a niños y colaborar para que estos últimos tengan un crecimiento integral.

    1. La tecnología digital ya ha cambiado el mundo y, a medida que aumenta el número de niños que se conectan en línea en todos los países, está cambiando cada vez más su infancia.Los jóvenes (de 15 a 24 años) son el grupo de edad más conectado. En todo el mundo, el 71% están en línea en comparación con el 48% de la población total.Los niños y adolescentes menores de 18 años representan aproximadamente uno de cada tres usuarios de internet en todo el mundo.Un número mayor de pruebas empíricas revelan que los niños están accediendo a internet a edades cada vez más tempranas. En algunos países, los niños menores de 15 años tienen la misma probabilidad de usar internet que los adultos mayores de 25 años.Los teléfonos inteligentes están alimentando una “cultura del dormitorio”, y para muchos niños el acceso en línea es cada vez más personal, tiene un carácter más privado y está menos supervisado

      Como el internet transforma a la infancia aquella que deseaba estar en la calle ahora quiere estar al frente de un ordenador todo el tiempo, además el porcentaje de conectados

    2. Alrededor del 29% de los jóvenes de todo el mundo, unos 346 millones de personas, no están conectados en línea

      En pleno siglo XXI alarma la cantidad de personas que no se conectan a internet.

    3. Los niños y adolescentes menores de 18 años representan aproximadamente uno de cada tres usuarios de internet en todo el mundo.Un número mayor de pruebas empíricas revelan que los niños están accediendo a internet a edades cada vez más tempranas. En algunos países, los niños menores de 15 años tienen la misma probabilidad de usar internet que los adultos mayores de 25 años.Los teléfonos inteligentes están alimentando

      los niños y los adolescentes hacen gran parte del internet

  7. Mar 2022
    1. medium is the message also das medium ist die botschaft es ist nicht die überbringerin der botschaft zumindest 00:32:30 selbst bedeutsam strukturiert ich würde noch einen schritt weiter gehen das medium selbst hat auch unter logische funktion es selbst verändert unsere wirklichkeit wie wir zum beispiel in handels internet sehen was die ich 00:32:44 glaube gar nicht zutreffend als medium beschrieben werden kann da auch in der neue begriffe ich würde vorschlägen schlagen als ein handlungsraum

      medium is the message Noller: Aber Internet ist eher Handlungsraum als Medium

    1. Important tools are still needed for group formation and discussion within communities of tens, thousands, and millions of people. Participation in democratic political processes are appealing, but ensuring informed participation, respect for opposing views, and adequate time for deliberation will be difficult. A major research effort would help to grapple with complex issues of thousand of active participants in discussion groups. How would an electronic Robert's Rules of meetings help to keep orde r, permit caucusing of subgroups, support voting, and allow objections to be aired?

      Highlights of some important humanist problems that haven't had nearly enough work on the internet. Instead we allow rampant capitalism of certain areas without forcing companies to spend time working at the harder problems.

    2. Distance education by tele-mentoring, tele-lecturing, and computer mediated conferencing is gradually reshaping education, and is likely to accelerate as the technology becomes more widely available. Additional research and development is needed to ex plore how education can be reshaped in a 24-hour electronic environment in which the teacher shifts from being the "sage on the stage to the guide on the side." The web supports collaborative teaching methods in which students do more than surf the net - - they learn to make waves. Ambitious team projects can provide valuable services to clients who are outside the classroom. These authentic projects can be highly motivating to students as they learn business-oriented and personally enriching skills of communicating, critiquing, and collaborating (Shneiderman, 1998b).

      Example of techno-utopianism within the edtech space which largely hasn't come to fruition.

      Were there prior references to "sage on the stage to the guide on the side" that indicated the guide on the side not being a person, but the Internet or technology instead?

    3. The danger of working at "internet time" is that hasty decisions may be poor, and rapid changes may cause troubling turbulence for many users.

      In 1998, Ben Shneiderman wrote "The danger of working at "internet time" is that hasty decisions may be poor, and rapid changes may cause troubling turbulence for many users." He's essentially admonishing against the dangerous and anti-social idea of what Mark Zuckerberg would later encourage at Facebook when he said "move fast and break things."

    4. There is a growing risk that advancing technology will widen the gap between rich and poor, and produce further disadvantages for poorly educated citizens.

      Nice that he takes this sort of inclusive approach so early in the evolution of the internet.

  8. Feb 2022
    1. The Internet is a giant mental network. In theory, it would be possible to create a miniature version of the web by creating one node with some content (an idea, a thought) and to ask people to create a branch off that node with a label of their own—based on what the initial node made them think about. People would keep on adding nodes, which would create interesting stories, like a non-linear cadavre exquis.
    1. Witness the hundreds of millions of CPE (customer-premises equipment) boxes with literally too much memory for buffering packets. As Jim Gettys and Dave Taht have been demonstrating in recent years, more is not better when it comes to packet memory.1 Wireless networks in homes and coffee shops and businesses all degrade shockingly when the traffic load increases. Rather than the "fair-share" scheduling we expect, where N network flows will each get roughly 1/Nth of the available bandwidth, network flows end up in quicksand where they each get 1/(N2) of the available bandwidth. This isn't because CPE designers are incompetent; rather, it's because the Internet is a big place with a lot of subtle interactions that depend on every device and software designer having the same—largely undocumented—assumptions.

      Good example of complexity and ecosystem behaviour in a human system - the Internet ...

    1. Aligning editorial mission and business model is critical.

      One of the most complex questions in journalism in the past decade or more is how can one best align editorial mission with the business model? This is particularly difficult because the traditional business model(s) have been shifting in the move to online.

  9. Jan 2022
    1. Web 4.0: The Internet of Things and AI

      Web 4.0 : The Internet of Things en AI Web 4.0 article Web_4.0 comes after Web 3.0, Web 2.0 and Web 1.0. What does it mean and what can we expect from it? The new web 4.0 has the following internet features....

  10. Dec 2021
    1. it seems we’re moving to that direction

      None of this is really relevant. Of all the apps listed, none are especially relevant to the Web. They'd best be classified as internet apps. Granted, they might be dealing in HTTP(S) at some point as a bodge, but then again, almost everything else does, too, whether it's part of the Web or not.

      (re @eric_young_1 https://twitter.com/eric_young_1/status/1470524708730851328—not sure how well the twitter.com client and Hypothesis interact)

    1. Fiber optic WiFi vs. ADSL: which is better?

      Fiber optic WiFi vs. ADSL: which is better? https://en.itpedia.nl/2021/10/08/glasvezel-wifi-versus-adsl-wat-is-beter/ An unreliable or slow Internet can lead to slow transaction processing, such as bill failures, video conferences that often lag or buffer, or business orders that take too long to process. There are several options for fast internet. Two of these options are fiber optic WiFi and ADSL. Which of these two can better meet our need for fast internet?

    1. This Internet of Everything needs a Ledger of Everything. Business, commerce, and the economy need a Digital Reckoning.

      Internet of Everything -- Ledger of Everything

  11. Nov 2021
    1. ʰᵉʳᵉ ᵃʳᵉ ᵗʰᵉ ᵈʳʸʷᵃˡˡ ʷᵉᵇˢᶤᵗᵉ ᵉᵃˢᵗᵉʳ ᵉᵍᵍˢ

      Please be warned: a friend noticed some very insensitive language I had forgotten about entirely. I've chosen to leave it since this website should not be surfaced in any discovery engines beyond NeoCities... Hoping that isn't a stupid idea.

    1. I spend most of my day in iOS Notes app.

      Did I ever really find this man intelligent??? Things sincerely do make a lot more sense now. Such a specific lack of aspiration.

    1. You.com’s big differentiating feature is that it lets people influence which sources they see. You can “upvote” and “downvote” specific categories, so when you run searches, you’ll see preferred sources first, neutral searches next, and downvoted sources last.

      THIS IS LITERALLY THE ANSWER TO SEARCH.

      Just… FYI.

      All you need to do is give users more control.

    1. But dig into the story of anyone who has been a genuine victim of modern mob justice and you will often find not an obvious argument between “woke” and “anti-woke” perspectives but rather incidents that are interpreted, described, or remembered by different people in different ways, even leaving aside whatever political or intellectual issue might be at stake.

      Cancel culture and modern mob justice are possible as the result of volumes of more detail and data as well as large doses of context collapse.

      In some cases, it's probably justified to help level the playing field for those in power who are practicing hypocrisy, but in others, it's simply a lack of context by broader society who have kneejerk reactions which have the ability to be "remembered" by broader society with search engines.

      How might Google allow the right to forget to serve as a means of restorative justice?

  12. Oct 2021
    1. Facebook could say that its platform is not for everyone. It could sound an alarm for those who wander into the most dangerous corners of Facebook, and those who encounter disproportionately high levels of harmful content. It could hold its employees accountable for preventing users from finding these too-harmful versions of the platform, thereby preventing those versions from existing.

      The "moral majority" has screamed for years about the dark corners of the internet, and now they seem to be actively supporting a company that actively pushes people to those very extremes.

    1. India voted in favour of a resolution condemning Internet shutdowns when it orders the largest number of Internet shutdowns.

    1. Supporting 4×4 MIMO takes a lot more power, and for battery powered devices, runtime is FAR more important.

      Reason why client devices still use 2x2 MIMO, not 4x4 MIMO

    2. How did your router even get a 'rating' of 5300 Mbps in the first place? Router manufacturers combine/add the maximum physical network speeds for ALL wifi bands (usually 2 or 3 bands) in the router to produce a single aggregate (grossly inflated) Mbps number. But your client device only connects to ONE band (not all bands) on the router at once. So, '5300 Mbps' is all marketing hype.

      Why routers get such a high rating

    3. The only thing that really matters to you is the maximum speed of a single 5 GHz band (using all MIMO antennas).

      What to focus on when choosing a router

    4. You have 1 Gbps Internet, and just bought a very expensive AX11000 class router with advertised speeds of up to 11 Gbps, but when you run a speed test from your iPhone XS Max (at a distance of around 32 feet), you only get around 450 Mbps (±45 Mbps). Same for iPad Pro. Same for Samsung Galaxy S8. Same for a laptop computer. Same for most wireless clients. Why? Because that is the speed expected from these (2×2 MIMO) devices!

      Reason why you may be getting slow internet speed on your client device (2x2 MIMO one)

  13. Sep 2021
    1. With Amazon the sole customer of the substation it will (via Oppidan) pay for the 26 month-long design and construction process, with the exception of the City-owned control building. It is expected to cost $5,388,260 across three payment milestones, one of which has already been paid.After it is built, property rights will transfer over to SVP, which will operate and maintain the substation.

      OK. so it's not so much a substation owned like a block box.But Amazon is the sole customer, and it likely bought the site so :

      a) it would stop others making a datacentre there b) it could then make use of the substation, and providing extra distribution for the other DCs it wants to operate and use so it can expand further

    1. This verticalization will have the great flaw of making the real consumption of these infrastructures invisible. Today we can still retrieve some data from water and energy providers but when Amazon builds its own substations, like in Santa Clara, or Google its own pumping stations then the black box will continue to grow.

      I had no idea Amazon is building its own substations.

    2. At the environmental level, the territorial approach makes it possible to get out of the mystique of relative efficiency values to align consumption in absolute value with a local stock and a precise environment.

      Absolutt comsumption as a percentage of the local resources would be a huge jump forward here

    3. However, the possible unsustainability of the new data center project was outweighed by an $800 million project with various financial benefits to the community, so the construction project was voted 6-1 in the city council.

      It's worth comparing this to other water reservations for context. Comparing it to agriculture in the same area might help, to see the choices people are facing

    4. It also raises the point that data centers could crowd out renewable energy capacity on the grid, slowing down the country's energy transition.

      I think the arguent made here is that the load can exceed the generation coming from renewable sources, meaning that this would end up leading to more dirty power coming online to meet the demand.

      The alternative might be to adjust demand, with the virtual capacity curves proposed in the google paper,and supplemen that with storage

    5. Energy used in a mine, in freight, in the supply and production chain is much less likely to be renewable.

      It's worth considering things like how a CBAM a carbon border adjustment mechanism might affect this, as it's designed specifically to address this issue of high carbon intensity goods crossing country or trading block borders, like the EU

    6. The US giant advertises that its data center in Eemshaven in the Netherlands would be 100% powered by RE since its opening in 2016. However, on Google's electricity supply matrices we can clearly see that 69% of the electricity supply was provided by RE. The remaining 31% is offset by RECs or virtual PPAs. Google's statement in the preamble is therefore not factually correct.

      These might still be offset by RECs that are tied to a specific point in time, sometimes referred to as TEACS.

    7. In this scientific literature, it is estimated that the manufacturing phase (construction of the building + manufacturing of the IT equipment) represents on average 15% of the energy and GHG footprint of a data center in a country with "medium" carbon electricity (approx. 150-200gCO2/kWh).. To get to this figure, it is assumed that the building is new and will last 20 years and that the IT equipment is replaced every 4 to 5 years. Based on GAFAM's Scopes 3, a recent publication by researchers from Facebook, Harvard and Arizona University estimated that the carbon impact of data centers related to IT equipment, construction and infrastructure was higher than imagined. There is therefore a growing interest in better understanding these "omissions".

      This is a good point. Refresh rates can be closer to a 1-2 years in some hyperscalers. Good for use phase carbon, bad for embodied carbon

    1. The Commission found that the arrangement, as currently written, could result in annual revenue shortfalls ranging in the millions of dollars, which other customers would have to cover due to the credits that could completely zero-out Facebook’s bill.“The Commission noted this is not logical— that a customer could reduce its bill by using more resources,” it said.

      As I understand this, structuring this deal to give a a low cost for a loooong term agreement would mean bills would have to be raised on other rate payers to make sure the company with the monopoly is able to make the pre-agreed rate of return it as allowed to make each year.

    1. After techUk’s Emma Fryer released the results of the second period of the UK data center sectors climate change agreement (CCA) 2nd Period findings in 2017, I conducted some desk-based research which looked at the issue from a UK PLC perspective and included all those enterprise data centers, server cupboards and machine rooms that are largely hidden.

      John mentioned to me the the CCA notes from 2017 might be a little out. It's worth sanity checking that.

    1. What’s left are two options, but only one for the WWW. To capture the most internet users, the best option is to use a .is TLD; however, for true anonimity and control, a .onion is superior.

      The 2 most liberal domains: .is (Iceland) and .onion (world)

  14. Aug 2021
    1. The Internet, to dateboth a repository of information that could be useful for acting in the worldand an instrument of fantasy escape, has expanded potentiality. We do not yetknow to what end.
    2. What the Internet has done to date is expand the potentiality formore widespread, instantaneous awareness of activity and consequences on aglobal scale. This means that verifiability need not be personal—so long asreliable information can be retrieved from information systems. But havingretrieved the information or having it instantaneously available does not meanthat we have the capacity to act upon it.
  15. Jul 2021
  16. datatracker.ietf.org datatracker.ietf.org
    1. It is similarly intended to fail to establish a connection when data from other protocols, especially HTTP, is sent to a WebSocket server, for example, as might happen if an HTML "form" were submitted to a WebSocket server. This is primarily achieved by requiring that the server prove that it read the handshake, which it can only do if the handshake contains the appropriate parts, which can only be sent by a WebSocket client. In particular, at the time of writing of this specification, fields starting with |Sec-| cannot be set by an attacker from a web browser using only HTML and JavaScript APIs such as XMLHttpRequest [XMLHttpRequest].
    2. The WebSocket Protocol is designed on the principle that there should be minimal framing (the only framing that exists is to make the protocol frame-based instead of stream-based and to support a distinction between Unicode text and binary frames). It is expected that metadata would be layered on top of WebSocket by the application Fette & Melnikov Standards Track [Page 9] RFC 6455 The WebSocket Protocol December 2011 layer, in the same way that metadata is layered on top of TCP by the application layer (e.g., HTTP). Conceptually, WebSocket is really just a layer on top of TCP that does the following: o adds a web origin-based security model for browsers o adds an addressing and protocol naming mechanism to support multiple services on one port and multiple host names on one IP address o layers a framing mechanism on top of TCP to get back to the IP packet mechanism that TCP is built on, but without length limits o includes an additional closing handshake in-band that is designed to work in the presence of proxies and other intermediaries Other than that, WebSocket adds nothing. Basically it is intended to be as close to just exposing raw TCP to script as possible given the constraints of the Web. It's also designed in such a way that its servers can share a port with HTTP servers, by having its handshake be a valid HTTP Upgrade request. One could conceptually use other protocols to establish client-server messaging, but the intent of WebSockets is to provide a relatively simple protocol that can coexist with HTTP and deployed HTTP infrastructure (such as proxies) and that is as close to TCP as is safe for use with such infrastructure given security considerations, with targeted additions to simplify usage and keep simple things simple (such as the addition of message semantics).
    1. By making the storage and organization of information everyone’s responsibility and no one’s, the internet and web could grow, unprecedentedly expanding access, while making any and all of it fragile rather than robust in many instances in which we depend on it.
    2. A solid overview article about the architectural deficiencies of the web for long term archival and access as well as some ideas for fixing the issue and a plea to attempt to make things better for the future.

    3. Suppose Google were to change what’s on that page, or reorganize its website anytime between when I’m writing this article and when you’re reading it, eliminating it entirely. Changing what’s there would be an example of content drift; eliminating it entirely is known as link rot.

      We don't talk about content drift very much. I like that some sites, particularly wiki sites, actually document their content drift in diffs and surface that information directly to the user. Why don't we do this for more websites? The Wayback machine also has this sort of feature.

    1. It’s a familiar trick in the privatisation-happy US – like, say, underfunding public education and then criticising the institution for struggling.

      This same thing is being seen in the U.S. Post Office now too. Underfund it into failure rather than provide a public good.

      Capitalism definitely hasn't solved the issue, and certainly without government regulation. See also the last mile problem for internet service, telephone service, and cable service.

      UPS and FedEx apparently rely on the USPS for last mile delivery in remote areas. (Source for this?)

      The poor and the remote are inordinately effected in almost all these cases. What other things do these examples have in common? How can we compare and contrast the public service/government versions with the private capitalistic ones to make the issues more apparent. Which might be the better solution: capitalism with tight government regulation to ensure service at the low end or a government monopoly of the area? or something in between?

    1. Another interpretation of the “Small Web” concept is that it refers to the use of alternative protocols to the dominant HTTP(S), lightweight ones like the older Gopher and newer Gemini. For example, the blog post Introduction to Gemini describes these collectively as “the Small Internet”.

      Maybe the idea of a "personal internet" is what we're all really looking for? Something with some humanity? Something that's fun? Something that has some serendipity?

  17. Jun 2021
    1. For example, the Wikipedia article on Martin Luther King, Jr cites the book To Redeem the Soul of America, by Adam Fairclough. That citation now links directly to page 299 inside the digital version of the book provided by the Internet Archive. There are 66 cited and linked books on that article alone. 

      I'd love to have a commonplace book robot that would do this sort of linking process within it for me. In the meanwhile, I continue to plod along.

      This article was referenced today at [[I Annotate 2021]] by [[Mark Graham]].

    1. Betsch, C., & Sachse, K. (2013). Debunking vaccination myths: Strong risk negations can increase perceived vaccination risks. Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association, 32(2), 146–155. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027387

    1. Once I was a scuba diver in the sea of words. Now I zip along the surface like a guy on a Jet Ski.

      A great metaphor for the Internet.

    1. IoT in retail works in multiple channels to let retail operators reach out to new customers, and enhance the experience of existing customers. Here are some key areas of retail wherein the Internet of Things impacts.
  18. May 2021
    1. Recently, Apple released a seemingly innocuous software update: a new privacy feature that would explicitly ask iPhone users whether an app should be allowed to track them across the other apps and sites that they use.

      Apple privacy feature

    1. My assertion is based on the observation that a great deal of learning does take place in connective environments on the world wide web, that these have scaled to large numbers, and that often they do not require any institutional or instructional support.
  19. Apr 2021
    1. I like the metaphors of Dark Forrest and Cozy Web, but I'm not sure that this visualization of it really works for me.

    1. Binstock: You once referred to computing as pop culture. Kay: It is. Complete pop culture. I’m not against pop culture. Developed music, for instance, needs a pop culture. There’s a tendency to over-develop. Brahms and Dvorak needed gypsy music badly by the end of the nineteenth century. The big problem with our culture is that it’s being dominated, because the electronic media we have is so much better suited for transmitting pop-culture content than it is for high-culture content. I consider jazz to be a developed part of high culture. Anything that’s been worked on and developed and you [can] go to the next couple levels. Binstock: One thing about jazz aficionados is that they take deep pleasure in knowing the history of jazz. Kay: Yes! Classical music is like that, too. But pop culture holds a disdain for history. Pop culture is all about identity and feeling like you’re participating. It has nothing to do with cooperation, the past or the future—it’s living in the present. I think the same is true of most people who write code for money. They have no idea where [their culture came from]—and the Internet was done so well that most people think of it as a natural resource like the Pacific Ocean, rather than something that was man-made. When was the last time a technology with a scale like that was so error-free? The Web, in comparison, is a joke. The Web was done by amateurs.

      This is a great definition of pop culture and a good contrast to high-culture.

      Here's the link to the entire interview: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/bbm%3A978-3-319-90008-7%2F1.pdf

    1. a keyword could get you to encyclopedia entries, travel information, weather, and even soap opera summaries of the week.

      A keyword could get you to encyclopedia entries, travel information, weather, and even soap opera summaries of the week.

  20. Mar 2021
    1. . Barbrook shows how this futurist prophecy is borrowed from America’s defunct Cold War enemy: Stalinist Russia. Technological progress was the catalyst of social transformation. With copyright weakening, intellectual commodities were mutating into gifts. Invented in capitalist America, the Net in the late-1990s had become the first working model of communism in human history.

      Amzing mix of stalinism, gift-economy, less copyrights & social progress in one paragraph.

    1. There's a reasonably good overview of some ideas about fixing the harms social media is doing to democracy here and it's well framed by history.

      Much of it appears to be a synopsis from the perspective of one who's only managed to attend Pariser and Stround's recent Civic Signals/New_Public Festival.

      There could have been some touches of other research in the social space including those in the Activity Streams and IndieWeb spaces to provide some alternate viewpoints.

    1. his environment of uncontrolled information is not all bliss, however. Some critics point out that the same giant media companies that dominated the older forms of media produce much of the content available on the internet.

      Tada! And major companies also own most of the infrastructure on which the internet runs.

    1. internet being used as the screening venue

      Add this to a growing list I call "Internet as..."

      Internet as human right Internet as film screening venue Internet as public square Internet as digital library Internet as tool/instrument for creative expression Internet as....

    2. “The Internet is a diverse set of independent networks, interlinked to provide its users with the appearance ofa single, uniform network.”

      I prefer this definition from former Google CEO Eric Schmidt, "The Internet is the first thing that humanity has built that humanity doesn't understand, the largest experiment in anarchy that we have ever had" at Internet World Trade Show, New York, 18 November 1999