643 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
      • We make assumptions and determinations about what is real every moment of every day. Our perception, in other words, is so deeply buried in our “underlying machinery,” our unconscious, that even knowing that it is there makes it difficult, or impossible to see its impact on our thinking and on what we see as real.
      • Unconscious perceptions govern many of the most important decisions we make and have a profound effect on the lives of many people in many ways.
  2. Feb 2024
    1. Résumé de la vidéo [00:00:00][^1^][1] - [02:13:00][^2^][2] :

      Cette vidéo est une conférence organisée par France Stratégie sur le thème des évaluations de politiques publiques et de leur impact. Elle réunit des intervenants de différents horizons, tels que des ministres, des parlementaires, des hauts fonctionnaires, des chercheurs, des experts et des représentants de la société civile. Ils partagent leurs expériences, leurs pratiques et leurs recommandations pour améliorer la qualité, la pertinence et l'utilisation des évaluations dans le processus de décision publique.

      Points forts : + [00:00:00][^3^][3] Introduction de Gilles de Margerie, commissaire général de France Stratégie * Présente le contexte et les enjeux de la conférence * Souligne le rôle de France Stratégie comme producteur et diffuseur d'évaluations * Annonce le programme et les intervenants + [00:01:11][^4^][4] Discours de Bruno Le Maire, ministre de l'Économie, des Finances et de la Relance * Affirme que les évaluations de politiques publiques ont un impact sur les décisions * Cite des exemples de politiques évaluées, comme le plan de relance ou la réforme des retraites * Plaide pour une culture de l'évaluation plus développée en France + [00:07:29][^5^][5] Présentation du rapport "Quelles évaluations de politiques publiques pour quelles utilisations ?" par Adam Baïz, coordinateur de l'évaluation des politiques publiques à la Cour des comptes * Expose la méthodologie et les résultats de l'étude menée par France Stratégie * Analyse l'évolution de la mobilisation, de la production et de l'utilisation des évaluations dans le débat parlementaire * Formule des propositions pour renforcer la qualité et l'impact des évaluations + [00:28:31][^6^][6] Table ronde animée par Emmanuel Cugny, journaliste à France Info, avec Pierre Moscovici, premier président de la Cour des comptes, Isabelle Dechef de Ville, présidente de la Société française de l'évaluation, Amélie Verdier, directrice générale de l'Agence régionale de santé d'Île-de-France, et Gilles de Margerie, commissaire général de France Stratégie * Échange sur les pratiques, les enjeux et les perspectives de l'évaluation des politiques publiques * Aborde des questions telles que la place de l'évaluation dans la décision publique, les critères de qualité et de crédibilité des évaluations, les modalités de coopération entre les acteurs de l'évaluation, ou encore les défis posés par la crise sanitaire * Répond aux questions du public + [02:07:11][^7^][7] Conclusion de Gilles de Margerie, commissaire général de France Stratégie * Fait le bilan de la conférence et remercie les participants * Souligne l'importance de l'évaluation pour la démocratie, la transparence et l'efficacité de l'action publique * Appelle à poursuivre le dialogue et la réflexion sur l'évaluation des politiques publiques

    1. for - 2nd Trump term - 2nd Trump presidency - 2024 U.S. election - existential threat for climate crisis - Title:Trump 2.0: The climate cannot survive another Trump term - Author: Michael Mann - Date: Nov 5, 2023

      Summary - Michael Mann repeats a similiar warning he made before the 2020 U.S. elections. Now the urgency is even greater. - Trump's "Project 2025" fossil-fuel -friendly plan would be a victory for the fossil fuel industry. It would - defund renewable energy research and rollout - decimate the EPA, - encourage drilling and - defund the Loss and Damage Fund, so vital for bringing the rest of the world onboard for rapid decarbonization. - Whoever wins the next U.S. election will be leading the U.S. in the most critical period of the human history because our remaining carbon budget stands at 5 years and 172 days at the current rate we are burning fossil fuels. Most of this time window overlaps with the next term of the U.S. presidency. - While Mann points out that the Inflation Reduction Act only takes us to 40% rather than Paris Climate Agreement 60% less emissions by 2030, it is still a big step in the right direction. - Trump would most definitely take a giant step in the wrong direction. - So Trump could singlehandedly set human civilization on a course of irreversible global devastation.

    2. The GOP has threatened to weaponize a potential second Trump term

      for - 2nd Trump term - regressive climate policy

    3. other nations are wary of what a second Trump presidency could portend,

      for - 2nd Trump presidency - elimination of loss and damage fund - impact on global decarbonization effort

      • While we have seen renewed leadership on climate by the Biden administration,
      • other nations are wary of what a second Trump presidency could portend,
      • particularly on climate
        • where they fear he will refuse to honor our commitments to the rest of the world
      • and derail four years of progress on climate.
    4. That’s what the “loss and damage” agreement does,

      for - loss and damage fund - global impact

      • That’s what the “loss and damage” agreement does,
      • and it could lead to a greater willingness by India and other developing countries
      • to ramp up their own commitments to decarbonization.
  3. Jan 2024
  4. Dec 2023
    1. The potential impact of SoNeC
      • for: SoNeC - SRG/TPF impact

      • comment

        • present the SRG/TPF impact - cosmolocal - so local impact everywhere = global impact
    2. Collective Impact Network
      • for: definition - Collective Impact Network

      • definition: Collective Impact Network

        • a network of well connected organizations and community stakeholders in the same region as the SoNeC who can work synergistically with SoNeCs to achieve common goals
    1. Wegen anhaltendem Wassermangel können im Augenblick nur hab so viele Schiffe den Panama durchqueren wie normalerweise Punkt für die Schleusen des Kanals werden große Mengen Süßwasser benötigt. Die niederschlagsmuster verändern sich deutlich. Es ist aber noch nicht abzusehen, wie die zukünftige Entwicklung aussehen wird. Ein Beispiel für das unkartierte Gelände, in das die globale Erhitzung geführt hat. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/dec/22/changing-climate-casts-a-shadow-over-the-future-of-the-panama-canal-and-global-trade

    1. Not sure how "communities" are going to shut down oil refineries as big as large cities in some cases.
      • for: question - can communities have real impact?

      • question: can communities have real impact?

        • In this discussion, Ross is acting as the devil's advocate questioning whether communities can have real impact. He is consistent and his comments are based on evidence and experience. He challenges everyone else to prove him wrong and makes everyone go deeper to validate their positions.
        • Ross makes valid points that so far, have not been effectively addressed, mainly because nobody has thought further of how to systematically organize communities to the scale required. It's not trivial!
  5. Nov 2023
  6. Oct 2023
    1. The forthcoming 6th IPCC report includes a chapter ondemand-side mitigation solutions, which estimates thatsociobehavioral changes (on top of changes in infra-structure or technology) have the potential to reduceCO 2 emissions by 40% to 70% by 2050
      • for: IPCC - social behavioral change impact, quote, quote - IPCC social behavioral change

      • quote

        • The forthcoming 6th IPCC report includes a chapter on demand-side mitigation solutions, which estimates that
        • sociobehavioral changes (on top of changes in infra- structure or technology) have the potential to reduce CO 2 emissions by 40% to 70% by 2050.
    1. Der bisher schlimmste Ausbruch des Dengue-Fiebers in Bangladesh hat schon über 1000 Todesopfer gefordert, darumter 112 Kinder unter 15. Aufgrund hoher Temperaturen und unregelmäßiger Regenfälle haben sich die Trägermücken stark vermehrt. Für das gesundheitssystem ist der Ausbruch eine zusätzliche große Belastung. https://taz.de/Denguefieber-in-Bangladesch/!5964321/

    1. Doñana

      Die Chancen für eine Erhaltung der Feuchtbiotope des Doñana-Nationalparks in Andalusien sind deutlich gestiegen. Ein Abkommen zwischen der Provinzregierung und der provisorischen Zentralregierung sieht vor, dass keine zusätzliche Bewässerungslandwirtschaft in dieser Region genehmigt wird. Viele NGOs hatten für die Rettung des Gebiets kampagnisiert, das durch die globale Erhitzung und durch Wasserentnahmen für die Agroindustrie bedroht ist. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/oct/04/wetlands-win-reprieve-after-deal-between-spain-and-andalucia

    1. Interview mit dem Agrarwissenschaftler Michael Succow zm Bodenschutz und zur Trinkwasserknappheit in Deutschland. In einigen Gebieten wird inzwschen kein Grundwasser mehr gebildet, fast durchgängig ist es chemisch kontaminiert. Succow plädiert für eine radikale Umstellung auf biologische Landwirtschaft und gegen den Anbau des wasserintensiven Mais zur Verfütterung an Rinder. https://www.derstandard.at/story/3000000187638/biologe-mais-duerfte-hier-ueberhaupt-nicht-angebaut-werden

    1. Die Gruppe A2A, die zweitgrößte Betreiberin von Wasserkraftwerken in Italien, wird in den kommenden 10 Jahren ca. 16 Milliarden Euro in Maßnahmen zur nachhaltigen Energieversorgung investieren. Dabei geht es auch um Anpassung an das Schmelzen der Gletscher und anhaltende Trockenperionen. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2023/09/29 /news/energia_e_clima_idroelettrico-413619371/

  7. Sep 2023
    1. I have no clue like like who you know if anybody reads them or who reads them or or what happens after that I don't know yeah yeah well I 01:21:00 appreciate that and certainly people people you know that people contact me but I I know it's it's very hard to know um you know how these things are are actually spreading or not spreading through the through the community
      • for: Indyweb provenance,
      • comment
        • Indyweb would enable Michael to trace all public interactions with his papers so he WOULD know.
    1. Die jetzt schon übernutzten Grundwasservorräte in Indien werden durch die globale Erhitzung ab etwa 2040 dreimal so schnell abnehmen wie bisher, wenn sich die landwirtschaftlichen Methoden nicht radikal verändern. Die wachsenden Monsunregenfälle können nicht ausgleichen, was durch trockene Winter und mehr Verdunstung verloren geht. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/09/01/climate/india-groundwater-depletion.html

      Studie: https://www.science.org/doi/10.1126/sciadv.adi1401

  8. Aug 2023
    1. The graph shows that ecological awareness does in fact lowers the footprint of high income consumption. They may shift from meat to plant based diet or fly less. Yet, they still consume more, fly more, travel more, buy more items, larger homes, larger cars etc. etc. This problem is why policies that promote circular-responsible-organic-whatever products will not deliver to targets.
      • for: sustainable consumption, individual change, impact of environmental awareness, Custora
      • comment
        • individual consumption choices have an impact, but far from enough
        • system change is also required on policy and structural level
        • voluntarily reducing our income could be one way
  9. Jul 2023
    1. In addition to their high GHG emissions from consumption, high-SES people have disproportionate climate influence through at least four non-consumer roles: as investors, as role models within their social networks and for others who observe their choices, as participants in organizations and as citizens seeking to influence public policies or corporate behaviour
      • for: high-SES, 1%, W2W, inequality, carbon inequality, elites, billionaires, millionaires, leverage point
      • five high carbon emission areas of high-SES, HNWI, VHNWI
        • consumption
        • investor
        • role model within social networks
        • participants in organizations
        • citizens seeking to influence public policies or corporate behavior
    1. Vor allem in afrikanischen Ländern wie Burkina Faso wird eine weitere Erhitzung zu Temperaturen führen, die für Menschen nur durch Klimatisierung zu ertragen sind. Weltweit wird der Energiebedarf für Kühlung so sehr steigen, dass er 2050 dem gesamten Energiebedarf der USA, Europas und Japans im Jahr 2016 entsprechen könnte. Bericht über eine schon im Mai erschienene Studie zum Kühlungsbedarf bis 2050.

      https://burkina24.com/2023/07/21/rechauffement-climatique-le-burkina-faso-parmi-les-pays-les-plus-severement-touches-en-afrique/

      Studie: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-023-01155-z

      (via @Snoro@mastodon.social )

    1. Thermischer Stress bei Hitzewellen gefährdet die Ernten bei vielen Nutzpflanzen im Mittelmeerraum. Anders als Wassermangel lässt er sich nicht ausgleichen. Die Libération hat den Agroökologen Serge Zaka zu den Folgen der globalen Erhitzung für die Landwirtschaft und zur unzureichenden Reaktion der Regierungen befragt. Gefährlich für die Lebensmittelversorgung sei vor allem die Spezialisierung von Ländern und Regionen auf die Produktion einzelner Produkte.

      https://www.liberation.fr/environnement/agriculture/canicule-et-agriculture-lespagne-ne-pourra-plus-etre-le-verger-de-leurope-20230721_EY7ECPTN5JBE3IQRHQFJXMXOWQ/

    1. Die Erhitzung durch Treibhausgase führt zu einer Steigerung von häuslicher und sexueller Gewalt. Eine in Indien Nepal und Pakistan durchgeführte Studie ergibt dass ein Grad Temperaturerhöhung zu etwa 6% mehr Gewalttaten gegen Frauen führt. Hitze führt zu Störungen in der Lebensmittelversorgung, Schäden an der Infrastruktur und dem Zwang, sich mehr in geschlossenen Räumen aufzuhalten Punkt damit vergrößert sich der Stress in Familien besonders betroffen sind Menschen mit niedrigem Einkommen und im ländlichen Gebieten. Untersuchungen zeigen das auch der hitzestress selbst die Bereitschaft zur Gewalt vergrößert. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2023/jun/28/climate-crisis-linked-to-rising-domestic-violence-in-south-asia-study-finds

    1. . The central 2050 estimate indicates that more than 35 per cent of the global cropland used to grow both these critical crops could be subject to damaging hot spells. But this vulnerability could exceed 40 per cent in a plausible worst-case scenario.
    1. Veränderungen des Jetstreams durch die globale Erhitzung können gleichzeitige Missernten in mehreren Regionen bewirken, die für die Weilternährung entscheidend sind. George Monbiot prangert die mangelnde mediale Aufmerksamkeit für eine Studie an, der zufolge das Risiko globaler Ernährungskrise weit größer ist als angenommen. Die politische Macht einer kleinen Gruppe extrem Reicher sei die Ursache für das dramatisch anwachsende Risiko weltweiter Hungerkatastrophen. https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/jul/15/food-systems-collapse-plutocrats-life-on-earth-climate-breakdowntopic: crop fail

    1. The reason, then, for the omission of authors and worksafter 1900 is simply that the Editors did not feel that they oranyone else could accurately judge the merits of contempo-rary writings.

      The idea of the Lindy effect is subtly hiding here. Presumably it also existed before.

      It's often seen in how historians can or can't easily evaluate the impact of recent historical figures without the appropriate amount of additional evaluation with respect to passing time.

    1. Im Verhältnis zur Bevölkerungszahl starben im letzten Jahr in Italien die meisten Menschen an den Folgen der Hitze. Aus den in Nature Medicine publizierten Zahlen zu den Hitzetoten in Europa.geht hervor, dass 2022 auf eine Million Einwohner 295Todesfääe durch Hitze kamen. In Italien war es 2022 im Durchschnitt 2,28° wärmer als im historischen Mittel.

      https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2023/07/10/news/italia_morti_caldo-407264998/

  10. Jun 2023
    1. In Italien ist das West Nil-Virus in Mücken sowohl im Süden wie im Norden des Landes entdeckt worden. Der Errgeger des West Nil-Fiebes breitet sich wegen der globalen Erhitzung auch in Europa aus. Im vergangenen Jahr kam es in Italien und in andeen europäischen Ländern auch zu Infektionen von Menschen. https://www.repubblica.it/salute/2023/06/05/news/west_nile_virus_infezioni-403267260/?ref=RHVS-BG-I387791166-P11-S8-T1

  11. May 2023
    1. Reportage der New York Times über Veränderungen in der reisproduktion, die vor allem durch die globale Erhitzung erzwungen werden. Aber auch die hohen methanemissionen und ökologische Veränderungen durch den Wasserverbrauch für die reiseproduktion wirken sich aus. Insgesamt gefährdet die Klimakatastrophe gerade in Bezug auf Reis die Lebensmittelsicherheit. Konzerne versuchen durch die Entwicklung von Gentechnik von dieser Situation zu profitieren. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2023/05/20/climate/rice-farming-climate-change.html

    1. Auch die Repubblica berichtet über die Studie der Universität Bristol zu zukünftigen extremen Hitzewellen und ihren Folgen. Zwischen 1998 und 2017 sind mehr als 166.000 Menschen an diesen Extremereignissen gestorben. Die Publikation verwendet statistische Methoden der Erforschung extrem unwahrscheinlicher Ergeignisse, um die es sich bei 31% der untersuchten Hitzewellen zwischen 1959 und 2021 gehandelt hat. https://www.repubblica.it/green-and-blue/2023/05/12/news/ondate_di_calore_europa_regioni_a_rischio-399709172/

      Studie: The most at-risk regions in the world for high-impact heatwaves https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-023-37554-1

  12. Apr 2023
    1. Die Biden-Administration will zum ersten Mal in der Geschichte der USA die Anrainer-Staaten eines Flusses zwingen ihren Wasserverbrauch zu gleichen Teilen zu reduzieren. Damit soll gesichert werden, dass der Colorado River, der wegen einer langen Trockenheit und zu großen Entnahmen nur noch wenig Wasser führt, weiter fließt. https://www.nytimes.com/2023/04/11/climate/colorado-river-water-cuts-drought.html

  13. Mar 2023
    1. Sustainable consumption scholars offer several explanations forwhy earth-friendly, justice-supporting consumers falter when itcomes to translating their values into meaningful impact.
      • Paraphrase
      • Claim
        • earth-friendly, justice-supporting consumers cannot translate their values into meaningful impact.
      • Evidence
      • “the shading and distancing of commerce” Princen (1997) is an effect of information assymetry.
        • producers up and down a supply chain can hide the negative social and environmental impacts of their operations, putting conscientious consumers at a disadvantage. //
      • this is a result of the evolution of alienation accelerated by the industrial revolution that created the dualistic abstractions of producers and consumers.
      • Before that, producers and consumers lived often one and the same in small village settings
      • After the Industrial Revolution, producers became manufacturers with imposing factories that were cutoff from the general population
      • This set the conditions for opaqueness that have plagued us ever since. //

      • time constraints, competing values, and everyday routines together thwart the rational intentions of well-meaning consumers (Røpke 1999)

      • assigning primary responsibility for system change to individual consumers is anathema to transformative change (Maniates 2001, 2019)
      • This can be broken down into three broad categories of reasons:

        • Rebound effects
          • https://jonudell.info/h/facet/?max=100&expanded=true&user=stopresetgo&exactTagSearch=true&any=jevon%27s+paradox
          • increases in consumption consistently thwart effciency-driven resource savings across a wide variety of sectors (Stern 2020). -sustainability scholars increasingly critique “effciency” both as:
            • a concept (Shove 2018)
            • as a form of“weak sustainable consumption governance” (Fuchs and Lorek 2005).
          • Many argue that, to be successful, effciency measures must be accompanied by initiatives that limit overall levels of consumption, that is, “strong sustainable consumption governance.
        • Attitude-behavior gap

        • Behavior-impact gap

    1. For instance, we used to think that the main cause of obesity was a poor diet at an individual level, leading to treatments focused on the individual. However, taking a networked thinking approach in a 32-year-long study with over 12,000 people led researchers to discover that the participants’ personal network had a great impact on their likelihood to be obese. “Discernible clusters of obese persons were present in the network at all time points,” write the researchers.

      Another social factor influencing human behaviour. Beware of such factors when it comes to self-improvement and learning.

  14. Feb 2023
    1. The way in which shoppers were presented with practical climate information was repeatedly commented on as a brilliantly simple idea that people felt ought to be the norm in food retail. Plus, we saw repeat visits – parents so impressed by the concept’s educative value that they came back a second time with their children.As one shopper shared: “I didn’t expect this when walking in. The visuals with the three different bags explained everything so well. I learned so much more compared to, say, a lecture.”
      • campaign was highly successfully
      • customers learned so much from the simplicity
  15. Jan 2023
    1. More news organizations will realize they are in the business of impact, not eyeballs

      https://www.niemanlab.org/2022/12/more-news-organizations-will-realize-they-are-in-the-business-of-impact-not-eyeballs/

      Journalistic outlets should be in the business of creating impact and not scrounging merely for eyeballs and exposure.

      Exposure may be useful for advertising revenue with respect to surveillance capitalism, but if you're not informing along the way, not making a measurable impact, then you're not living, not making a change.

  16. Nov 2022
    1. increasing body of research analytically exploresthe consequences of the research impact agenda on academic work,including the risks posed to research quality (Chubb and Reed2018), prioritising of short-term impacts rather than more concep-tual impacts (Greenhalgh and Fahy 2015; Meagher and Martin2017), ethical risks (Smith and Stewart 2017), and a focus on indi-vidual academics rather than on the broader context of research-based policy change (Dunlop 2018)

      Lots of papers write about the effect that the UK's focus on comprehensive impact affects the quality of research and individual researchers

    1. Unsur-prisingly, therefore, existing research documents various ways in which REF impact has becomeembedded within university governance, including via the broadening of career progression criteria(Bandola-Gill 2019)

      REF has become embedded within university governance - including career progression criteria (for researchers presumably)

    2. RANDreport that had been commissioned by HEFCE (Grant et al. 2010)

      interesting ties here between REF and ResearchFish - both came out of RAND

    1. while there aregroups potentially benefiting from the case studies relating to their field of research (egwriters benefiting from studies in Panel D, engineers benefiting from studies in PanelB), there are mentions of these potential beneficiaries across all the panels

      The beneficiaries of research named by REF impact case studies are heterogeneous across all UOAs

    2. With the benefit of hindsight, our analysis would have been much easierif the case studies had greater structure and used standardized definitions. Giventhat the case studies spanned a 20-year period, organization names have changed inthat time and keyword searches were not sophisticated enough to capture some keyinformation.

      I found similar in my 2017 work. I'd guess that modern vector-based analyses and entity linking approaches could help a lot with reconciling these issues now.

    3. Topic modelling was used to determine common topics across the wholecorpus. Sixty-five topics were found (of which 60 were used) using theApache Mallet Toolkit Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm.

      The authors used LDA with k=60 across full text case studies. The Apache Mallet implementation was used.

    4. any effect on, change or benefit to the economy, society,culture, public policy or services, health, the environment or quality of life, beyondacademia’ (REF, 2011).

      the REF definition of impact as it pertains to comprehensive impact (and as opposed to academic impact)

    1. Research funders and providers are having to compete with other public services, and,as such, must be able to advocate the need for funding of research. Leaders within thesector must have compelling arguments to ‘make the case’ for research. For example,the Research Councils each publish an annual impact report which describe the waysin which they are maximising the impacts of their investments. These reports includeillustrations of how their research and training has made a contribution to the economyand society.10 The analysis of Researchfish and other similar data can support thedevelopment of these cases

      For research councils, being able to illustrate how their research impacts the economy and society helps them to compete for and justify their continued funding.

    2. Research outputs (and outcomes and impact) are gathered through a ‘questionset’ developed by funding institutions through a consultative process. This set of16 questions contains 175 sub-questions as illustrated in Figure 3 (the full set ofquestions are available in Annex A). A researcher, or one of their delegates, can add,edit and delete entries, and crucially, attribute entries to research grants and awards

      RF allows researchers to input fine-grained information about the research that they have done and this information is passed back to the funding bodies.

    3. The term ‘impact’ is currently used widely in research, especially with the inclusion ofnon-academic impact as part of the latest Research Excellence Framework (REF)

      RF use similar definition of impact to that of REF

    1. look at the economicimpact of research – taking an area of research(often cardiovascular disease), calculating thetotal investment in research and comparing it tothe total payback in terms of monetarised healthbenefit and other economic effects.

      Interesting to see that the authors considers these macro level economic indicators "broad and shallow" but it does make sense. Ideally we want to understand individual contributions of works to economic impact.

    2. However, knowledge production isnormally only an intermediate aim: the ultimateobjective of most medical research is to improvehealth and prosperity.

      Exactly! Measuring citation counts doesn't help us understand whether research actually helped people

    3. Much broad and shallow evaluation is based onbibliometrics (examining the quality of researchpublications) to assess the amount and quality ofknowledge produced

      here the authors are discussing the fact that a lot of analysis/evaluation of research is done via bibliometrics (citation-based impact metrics) and they consider this kind of evaluation to be "broad and shallow"

  17. Oct 2022
    1. Impact Object – The Impact Object collision data will be sent to. If empty, it will attempt to find an Impact Object on the collider that was hit or one of its parents.

      ? What does it mean for a collision data to be sent to an impact object?

      In the other implementation, we used impact object rigidbody/single material and assigned to it the impact material we created, which would be used in the tags library.

      ? What are the details of the ImpactObjectRigidbody in this case?

    2. Impact Triggers are components that tell Impact Objects when to play interactions and with what data. They are the origin that provides the data which is sent to the object’s Impact Material to ultimately play the interactions defined on the material.

      -~

    1. Impact Object Rigidbody uses FixedUpdate to ensure accurate interactions, especially when sliding and rolling. However, this can cause overhead if there are a lot of objects.

      ^ It seems that FixedUpdate is prone to causing overhead

    2. Any Impact Triggers must be on the root of the object (the same object as the Rigidbody), and should have their Impact Object field empty. Impact Triggers must be on the same component as the Rigidbody,

      ? Must be on the root of the object, the same object as the rigid body? which rigidbody, the parent or the child?

      ? Impact Triggers must be on the same component as the Rigidbody

    3. Impact Object Single Material is the simplest type of Impact Object, with a single material used for the object. It is most suited for static objects and level geometry. You can add this script to your objects by going to

      ? what are static objects and level geometry?

    4. Priority can be used to ensure that certain objects will always play their interactions, even if it requires "stealing" resources that are already in use.

      ~?

    5. Impact Objects are components that you attach to the objects in your game’s world to specify their material, so that other objects (and other parts of your game) know how to interact with them. Impact Objects can also provide physics data such as rigidbody velocity.

      ^ Impact Objects can also provide physics data such as rigidbody velocity.

    1. The Audio Source Template prefab must have an Impact Audio Source component attached to it.

      ^ Creating an Audio Source Template as a singular source for audio management

    2. Pool Size – The size of the object pool created for this audio source.

      ? What is an object pool?

    1. Impact Materials define what interactions will occur when an object interacts with the tags defined in the Impact Tag Library

      -- the Impact Tag Library is where we define the list of tags for our materials.

      i.e.: Plastic, Glass, Concrete...etc

    1. The size of this buffer limits the number of interaction results that can be returned by a single interaction, so make sure this is set appropriately for how many interaction results your materials can return.

      ~? What are interaction results?

      Is it about how many times the object is interacted with in the scene?

      How would one go on about measuring that?

    2. This is a hard limit that will be checked as soon as a collision message is recieved. If the limit has been reached for that fixed update frame, processing will be aborted immediately. Typically you would want to set this to be about the same size as your object pools. Triggers can be set as High Priority to ignore this limit.

      ? what does it mean that processing will be aborted immediately? what is processing in that case?

      Is it meant that the interactions; the sounds emitted would not go through if they were supposed to occur?

    3. Material Mapping works best for static, single material objects. Without an Impact Object component attached, no material composition or velocity data can be obtained

      ~? Are static single material objects, objects without a rigid body?

      ? What does it mean for a material composition or velocity data to be obtained?

    4. Material Mapping allows you to map Unity's Physics Materials to Impact Materials. This is useful so that you don't necessarily have to add an Impact Object component to all of the objects in your scene.

      -~ The impact mapping would include the properties of the physics material by Unity and allows us to use Impact functionality, such as using the material to produce specific sounds on impact with it

    5. For example, if you have a terrain you will probably want to set this to the number of textures your terrain uses.

      Setting Material Composition Buffer Size to the number of textures the terrain uses

    1. The first field is an Impact Tag Library which is used to display a user-friendly dropdown for the tag or tag mask. The second field represents the actual value of the tag or tag Mask

    2. Just remember that under the hood tags are represented only by integers, so using multiple tag libraries with different tag names does not mean you can have more than 32 tags.

      Tags

    1. Impact assessments: Law 25 is broad and requires a PIR to be carried out whenever conditions are met, regardless of the level of risk. The GDPR is less stringent, only requiring assessments in cases where processing is likely to result in a ‘high risk’ to rights and freedoms. Because the CCPA does not specifically focus on accountability-related obligations, it does not mandate impact assessments.
  18. Sep 2022
    1. humanity as not only the source and context for technology and its use, but its ultimate yardstick for the constructive use and impact of technology. This may sound obvious, it certainly does to me, but in practice it needs to be repeated to ensure it is used as such a yardstick from the very first design stage of any new technology.

      Vgl [[Networked Agency 20160818213155]] wrt having a specific issue to address that is shared by the user group wielding a tech / tool, in their own context.

      Vgl [[Open data begint buiten 20200808162905]] wrt the only yardstick for open data stems from its role as policy instrument: impact achieved outside in the aimed for policy domains through the increased agency of the open data users.

      Tech impact is not to be measured in eyeballs, usage, revenue etc. That's (understandably) the corporation's singular and limited view, the rest of us should not adopt it as the only possible one.

  19. Aug 2022
    1. Pritchard, E., Matthews, P. C., Stoesser, N., Eyre, D. W., Gethings, O., Vihta, K.-D., Jones, J., House, T., VanSteenHouse, H., Bell, I., Bell, J. I., Newton, J. N., Farrar, J., Diamond, I., Rourke, E., Studley, R., Crook, D., Peto, T. E. A., Walker, A. S., & Pouwels, K. B. (2021). Impact of vaccination on new SARS-CoV-2 infections in the United Kingdom. Nature Medicine, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41591-021-01410-w