74 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2021
    1. Before the use of computers, scientific knowledge was mainly recorded on paper, using three forms of notation: written language, images, and tables. Written text combines plain language, domain-specific vocabulary, and shorthand notation such as mathematical formulas. Images include both drawings and observations captured in photographs, radiographs, etc. Tables represent datasets, which are most often numerical.

      On the relationship between media, representation, communication and thinking, this part remembers me of Bret's Victor Media for Thinking the Unthinkable

      In some talk, I don't remember if this one, Victor says that using printing media as the main medium for communication is kind of an historical accident. It could be sound, or other media as main representation/communication vehicle.

      On my own memories, I remember thinking the relationship between representation and processing/cognition in my early undergrad years as a freshmen, when I saw the two notations for derivates (Leibnitz's and Newton's) and how both make some kind of operations easier (or not). The example I came with, to explain such insight to my postgrad education sciences students later, without appealing to calculus was multiplying in roman numbers versus in arabic ones (and example I would find years later is also employed by Victor)

  2. Sep 2021
    1. it is telling that the top two picks are the fairest skinned

      Sad, but true. Boston might be a liberal city that aims to welcome all, however the reputation of being a racist city has left many POC feeling left out and not welcomed in the city.

    2. One of the most heartbreaking realizations of the mayoral campaign was learning why she didn’t run until she took office. As a daughter of Roxbury, she didn’t believe it was possible

      Kim Janey, City Council President & Acting Mayor, didn't believe it was possible for her to run for mayor of Boston. "I just didn't think I could. You can't be what you can't see."

    1. Creating a community network ontology is therefore about much more than just knowledge representation. It also requires us to think about how this conceptual knowledge model affects real-world knowledge creation and application processes, in our case concerning participatory community network mapping. Its participatory nature means that we need to think hard about how to explicitly involve the community in the construction, evolution, and use of the ontology.
    1. Before beginning this piece I'm reminded to note some advice given to me by Rick Kurtzman at Creative Artists Agency (CAA) on reading scripts: If you're not going to act on having read (a script), then why bother having read it in the first place?

      He meant to make notes, write coverage, create writer lists for rewriting, producer lists for selling, director list for directing, casting lists. One should tell people about the (good) things one read. Make your reading produce something.

  3. Aug 2021
    1. The Attack on "Critical Race Theory": What's Going on?

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P35YrabkpGk

      Lately, a lot of people have been very upset about “critical race theory.” Back in September 2020, the former president directed federal agencies to cut funding for training programs that refer to “white privilege” or “critical race theory, declaring such programs “un-American propaganda” and “a sickness that cannot be allowed to continue.” In the last few months, at least eight states have passed legislation banning the teaching of CRT in schools and some 20 more have similar bills in the pipeline or plans to introduce them. What’s going on?

      Join us for a conversation that situates the current battle about “critical race theory” in the context of a much longer war over the relationship between our racial present and racial past, and the role of culture, institutions, laws, policies and “systems” in shaping both. As members of families and communities, as adults in the lives of the children who will have to live with the consequences of these struggles, how do we understand what's at stake and how we can usefully weigh in?

      Hosts: Melissa Giraud & Andrew Grant-Thomas

      Guests: Shee Covarrubias, Kerry-Ann Escayg,

      Some core ideas of critical race theory:

      • racial realism
        • racism is normal
      • interest convergence
        • racial equity only occurs when white self interest is being considered (Brown v. Board of Education as an example to portray US in a better light with respect to the Cold War)
      • Whiteness as property
        • Cheryl Harris' work
        • White people have privilege in the law
        • myth of meritocracy
      • Intersectionality

      People would rather be spoon fed rather than do the work themselves. Sadly this is being encouraged in the media.

      Short summary of CRT: How laws have been written to institutionalize racism.

      Culturally Responsive Teaching (also has the initials CRT).

      KAE tries to use an anti-racist critical pedagogy in her teaching.

      SC: Story about a book Something Happened in Our Town (book).

      • Law enforcement got upset and the school district
      • Response video of threat, intimidation, emotional blackmail by local sheriff's department.
      • Intent versus impact - the superintendent may not have had a bad intent when providing an apology, but the impact was painful

      It's not really a battle about or against CRT, it's an attempt to further whitewash American history. (synopsis of SC)

      What are you afraid of?

  4. Jul 2021
  5. Mar 2021
  6. Feb 2021
    1. Using a terminus to indicate a certain outcome - in turn - allows for much stronger interfaces across nested activities and less guessing! For example, in the new endpoint gem, the not_found terminus is then wired to a special “404 track” that handles the case of “model not found”. The beautiful thing here is: there is no guessing by inspecting ctx[:model] or the like - the not_found end has only one meaning!
    2. A major improvement here is the ability to maintain more than two explicit termini. In 2.0, you had the success and the failure termini (or “ends” as we used to call them). Now, additional ends such as not_found can be leveraged to communicate a non-binary outcome of your activity or operation.
  7. Jan 2021
    1. Weingarten. E., Chen. Q., McAdams., Yi. J., (2016). From Primed Concepts to Action: A Meta-Analysis of the BehavioralEffects of Incidentally Presented Words. Psychological Bulletin 2016 (142) pp 472-497.

  8. Nov 2020
  9. Oct 2020
    1. In 2018, according to the Pew Research Center, ninety-seven per cent of all tweets posted by American adults about national politics were posted by ten per cent of tweeters. A disproportionate number of the people in Twitter’s town hall are the sorts of people who were eligible to vote in 1820, before the first, Jackson-era expansion of the electorate: the wealthy, the educated, and the hyperpartisan. Twitter isn’t the future of American democracy; it’s the past.

      Wow! This is a damning statement. It certainly makes me rethink staying on the platform.

    1. James Bronterre O’Brien, told the people:‘Knaves will tell you that it is because you have no property, you are unrepresented. I tell you on the contrary, it is because you are unrepresented that you have no property …’16

      great quote

  10. Sep 2020
    1. Access and representation in tech isn't a pipeline or qualification problem. It's a white supremacy problem.
  11. Aug 2020
  12. Jul 2020
  13. Jun 2020
  14. Dec 2019
    1. This led to the motivation of learning distributed representations of words existing in low-dimensional space (Bengio et al., 2003).

      Sobre maldição da dimensionalidade. Agora, o que seria representações distribuídas das palavras em espaços de menor dimensão? Isso me lembra de PCA e afins.

  15. Apr 2019
  16. Mar 2019
    1. UDL guidelines. As I post this, I do not know whether this website will be included in our future course readings or not. This website practices what it preaches and provides the same content in multiple forms. The viewer can select/choose the manner in which items are displayed. This has essential information, such as the need to provide "multiple means" of engagement, representation, action, and expression when teaching. Rating 5/5

  17. Feb 2019
    1. Defining social role as the enactment of rights and duties attached to a given status, 'We can say that a social role will involve one or more parts and that each of these different parts may be presented by the performer on a series of occasions to the same kinds of audience or to an audience of the same persons

      So there is not one performance of self; there are many performances of self, playing out in tandem with others.

    2. I shall be concerned only with the participant’s dramaturgical problems of presenting the activity before others.

      Only concerned with the presentation of self and not with self itself as we may define it internally. Goffman's definition of self relies upon the reception of another interactant.

    3. e may also note that an intense interest in these disruptions comes to play a signifi cant role in the social life of the group

      Are we then more defined by what bends or breaks our barriers than the barriers themselves?

    4. The individual’s initial projection commits him to what he is proposing to be and requires him to drop all p re te n c e s of being other things

      You must follow-through, it seems or else the whole charade falls through.

    5. In Ichheiser’s term s1, the indi vidual will have to act so that he intentionally or unintention ally expresses himself, and the others will in turn have to be impressed in some way by him

      Self, then, lies not only in one individual; an interaction seems to be required an and impression made in order for a conception of self to exist. At least, according to Goffman.

    1. Years of metrics-driven growth, lucrative manipulative systems, and unregulated platform marketplaces, have created an environment where it makes more sense to be fake online — to be disingenuous and cynical, to lie and cheat, to misrepresent and distort — than it does to be real.

      I'm not sure I wholly agree with his statement but I do believe it is important to consider. To me, I believe different environments enhance aspects of ourselves already present. I don't believe these sites are fully responsible for our own actions. That said, I agree, in some ways, that we are being incredibly manipulated into being the worst versions of ourselves in online spaces. It's more profitable to bring out the worst in us than the best--at least, that's what Big Business seems to believe. I find it hard to believe, though, that we can be all that much more fake online than in-person--if you really think about it. We are always modulating ourselves and our reactions to accommodate those around us. We are constantly being told not to be ourselves through social, academic, professional, etc. conditioning. Does anybody really know who they are? Do you? I just don't think it's apt or fair to say that we are being anymore fake online when there's no proof we were ever being real before.

    1. he names of simple ideas tlie least doubtful. c8. Fr

      So, Locke is trying to establish somewhat of a hierarchy of language based in clarity. Names of simple substances are closest to the Truth of the substance. "Philosophical" words are furthest from Truth because what the concepts/things they represent are most difficult to nail down. I wonder, then, if we can translate this to exploring the human--do we have a hierarchy of understanding? Or a hierarchy of Truest representation?

    1. Locke argues that all ideas arc mental combinations of sense perceptions and 1hat words refer not directly to things but to menial phenomena, the ideas we retain and build from sense impressions.

      Like Locke, Karen Barad is pushing against the idea of words as representational of things, with her performative model?

      "A performative understanding of discursive practices challenges the representationalist belief in the power of words to represent preexisting things" (Barad 802).

      In what ways does performance differ from "mental phenomena"? Mental = internal only where performance = internal and external?

      Side note: every time someone says phenomena, I hear this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ytei6bu7kQ

  18. Jan 2019
    1. epresentations and entities to be represented.

      Cf. Muckelbauer's Future of Invention, where the Model is an entity to be represented and representations are Copies or Simulacra.

      Muckelbauer points out that a Copy, while true (or truer) to the Model to a certain extent, does less than a Simulacrum, which is just 'off' enough from the Model to have a distinct existence, to function in a different way. When Barad (a few lines below) questions whether these representations function accurately, she's questioning the purpose of the Copy, where its only role is to emulate the original. To me, it seems that an inaccurate representation might prove more interesting, to take on life of its own, separate from the Model.

    2. likeness

      Likeness: The external form or outward appearance of something; esp. a shape, form, or appearance which resembles that of a particular thing; a guise, a semblance.

      http://www.oed.com.ezp.slu.edu/view/Entry/108318?redirectedFrom=likeness#eid

      ...as opposed to...

      Real: Having an objective existence; actually existing physically as a thing, substantial; not imaginary.

      http://www.oed.com.ezp.slu.edu/view/Entry/158926?rskey=pC6mXz&result=3&isAdvanced=false#eid

      Interesting that "objective existence" requires separation, removal from others, where likeness requires a subject to be modeled after.

    3. For ex-ample, does scientific knowledge accurately represent an independentlyexisting reality? Does language accurately represent its referent? Does agiven political representative, legal counsel, or piece of legislation accu-rately represent the interests of the people allegedly represented?

      I love the triple-slam here. Science, language, the law (specifically representative democracy, in this case): all of these rely on representations to communicate, therefore all are suspect.

    1. For ex-ample, does scientific knowledge accurately represent an independentlyexisting reality? Does language accurately represent its referent? Does agiven political representative, legal counsel, or piece of legislation accu-rately represent the interests of the people allegedly represented?

      I love the triple-slam here. Science, language, the law (specifically representative democracy, in this case): all of these rely on representations to communicate, therefore all are suspect.

    2. epresentations and entities to be represented

      Cf. Muckelbauer's Future of Invention, where the Model is an entity to be represented and representations are Copies or Simulacra.

      Muckelbauer points out that a Copy, while true (or truer) to the Model to a certain extent, does less than a Simulacrum, which is just 'off' enough from the Model to have a distinct existence, to function in a different way. When Barad (a few lines below) questions whether these representations function accurately, she's questioning the purpose of the Copy, where its only role is to emulate the original. To me, it seems that an inaccurate representation might prove more interesting, to take on life of its own, separate from the Model.

    1. epresentational.

      Maybe not in complex patterns or language, but would the fact that they were using colors at all make it representational on some level?

    2. They either represent someaspect of the shaman’s vision or are enculturated versions of that vision

      Similarly stated on pg. 11 how images are just a representation of our conception: "Thus, with the cave art, a drawing of a bison is understood to be a representation of the artist’s conception of a bison."

  19. Dec 2018
  20. Nov 2018
    1. For tech firms, he argued in one interview, a goal should be to “have positive content pushed out about your company and negative content that’s being pushed out about your competitor.”

      Reminds me a bit of an old adage within CAA, but this one is far more toxic than the positive version that CAA used. Theirs amounted to occupying executives with CAA client meetings and material so they just didn't have time to handle other talent.

  21. Aug 2018
    1. Car le fait numérique aura à tout le moins fait émerger un nouveau rapport à l’image : sceptiques même à l’égard de la posture du sceptique — celle que favorisent notamment les discours complotistes qui pullulent à l’ère de la postvérité — les artistes et les écrivains explorent les potentialités d’un fait photographique qui ne peut avoir, par nature, de statut ontologique pur. Travaillant l’objectivité comme un effet rhétorique, ils déploient des mécanismes de détournement dont la valeur heuristique est essentielle : mythomanie n’est pas mensonge. Certes, la notion de vérité est en crise (bien plus que l’image), mais toute exigence heuristique n’a pas disparu, bien au contraire : si « réel » il y a, c’est bien celui que l’on a construit par nos récits et nos images. C’est ainsi que l’on se détourne d’un régime de la représentation pour s’orienter vers un régime métaréflexif dans lequel il s’agit de faire sens avec nos différents référents culturels — qu’ils soient photographiques, littéraires ou picturaux.
    1. Recognizing the mediating role of the digital work environment in enabling users to meaningfully collaborate is a critical step to ensuring the success of these systems.

      "Activities are collaborative"

      Activity representations are also crucial here, as is the "mediating role of the digital work environment" for collaboration.

      Flag this to connect to the Goffman reading (Presentation of Self in Everyday Life) and crowdsourcing/collective intelligence readings.

  22. Jul 2018
    1. ast. Moving from a quantitative time to a qualitative one, the Printer Clock tells time through the activities of others and the variety of pictures reveals the multiplicity of rhythms within that

      Qualitative time as a way to express a new present in some one else's past.

  23. May 2018
  24. Nov 2017
    1. representation of race and gender in our culture
    2. having students do a basic Google image search for terms like “doctor” “teacher” “baby”

      It may sound obvious but it actually works. Just did it with each of these three words (on DuckDuckGo) and the results, though unsurprising, bring home the point. Tried switching on the Canadian filter, to check if their might be a difference, and it mostly reorders the results, for some reason. Also tried “student” and “musician” which provide an interesting contrast. Doing this exercise in class, would probably start by asking learners to write down what they expect to get. (Might even do it in my applied anthro class, tomorrow.)

  25. Oct 2017
    1. TarletonGillespiearguesthattensionsbetweenusersandthedesignersoftheTwitteralgorithmarepartoflargerstakesinthe‘politicsofrepresentation.’Itisatensionunderscoredbyaconflictbetweenpeople’swilltoknowandbevisibletoothersandTwitter’simperativetodrawnewusersintonewconversations.Butsignificantly,Gillespienotesthatsuchalgorithmsnotonlyarebasedonassumptionsabouttheimageofapublictheyseektorepresentbutalsohelpconstructpublicsinthatimage.Thesamecouldbesaidofotherplatforms

      En el caso de los Data Selfies, lo que queremos hacer es presentar otra idea sobre nosotros mismos, nuestros gobernantes e instituciones públicas (principalmente). Particularmente por la sensación de no ser representados apropiadamente por la línea de tiempo de Twitter.

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  26. Jan 2017
    1. Thisistheideathateachinputtoasystemshouldberepresentedbymanyfeatures,andeachfeatureshouldbeinvolvedintherepresentationofmanypossibleinputs.

      Sounds confusing, but think about the previous example of the picture with the woman and the different layers.

      Think of the input as the picture, and it being represented by may features, like edges, shades, shape, etc.

      Then those generalized concepts or features, being reused across different aspects of the photo, say for different parts where edges exist, or shapes. A very loose comparison is a reusable class that occurs throughout the program .

  27. Sep 2016
  28. Aug 2016
    1. le paradigme de la représentation, il devient impossible de distinguer le réel de l'irréel, la vérité de la fiction. La définition logique de la vérité (Tarsky) est basée sur l'idée selon laquelle il existe une correspondance entre le signifiant et le signifié.

      paradigme performatif : plus de distinction entre réel et irréel, entre vérité et fiction.

  29. Jul 2016
  30. Jan 2016
  31. Sep 2015
    1. we must either distinguish or be hopelessly fuzzy. And is this bad, is it an inhibition to have to work our way though documents before we can talk about whatever we desire? I would argue not, because it is very important not to lose track of the reasons for our taking and processing any piece of information. The process of publishing and reading is a real social process between social entities, not mechanical agents. To be socially responsible, to be able to handle trust, and so on, we must be aware of these operations. The difference between a car and what some web page says about it is crucial - not only when you are buying a car. Some have opined that the abstraction of the document is nonsense, and all that exists, when a web page describes a car, is the car and various representations of it, the HTML, PNG and GIF bit streams. This is however very weak in my opinion. The various representations have much more in common than simply the car. And the relationship to the car can be many and varied: home page, picture, catalog entry, invoice, remote control panel, weblog, and so on. The document itself is an important part of society - to dismiss its existence is to prevent us being aware of human and aspects of information without which we are impoverished. By contrast, the difference between different representations of the document (GIF or PNG image for example) is very small, and the relationship between versions of a document which changes through time a very strong one.
  32. Feb 2014
    1. The other important part of our "language" is the way in which concepts are represented--the symbols and symbol structures. Words structured into phrases, sentences, paragraphs, monographs--charts, lists, diagrams, tables, etc. A given structure of concepts can be represented by any of an infinite number of different symbol structures, some of which would be much better than others for enabling the human perceptual and cognitive apparatus to search out and comprehend the conceptual matter of significance and/or interest to the human. For instance, a concept structure involving many numerical data would generally be much better represented with Arabic rather than Roman numerals and quite likely a graphic structure would be better than a tabular structure.

      Unfortunately as an industry we're stuck here.

  33. Nov 2013
    1. your use of the Website will not infringe or misappropriate the intellectual property rights of any third party

      Once again, Automattic is asking for your assurances that any content you post on your WordPress site either belongs to you or was posted with the permission of the owner.

      See the “Indemnification," "Copyright Infringement," and “Termination” sections to learn about what could happen if you violate this part of the agreement.