208 Matching Annotations
  1. Oct 2021
  2. Sep 2021
    1. So do all manner of other peculiarities of form, including notations of editions on the verso (the flip side) of the full title page and the running headers all throughout that rename the book you are already reading.

      I do dislike the running headers of digital copies of books as most annotation tools want to capture those headers in the annotation.

      It would be nice if they were marked up in an Aria-like method so that annotation software would semantically know to ignore them.

    1. making more accessible our bewildering store of knowledge.

      Perhaps a task as daunting as this felt unachievable in 1945 (unless through some form of library systems) however I would argue that nowadays, knowledge is more accessible than ever before and with each passing day, the accessibility only augments from that of the day before. The WWW has created a global and open source store of knowledge that can be read and written by all.

  3. Aug 2021
    1. building software visualization tools as web ap-plications can help in making them available to a larger audi-ence
  4. Jul 2021
    1. Live Caption

      I went to Google Accessibility and played with the Live Caption feature it has. I didn't even know this was a thing. It may be another option for captioning videos. Technology is such a beautiful thing!

  5. Jun 2021
  6. oeidsanders.pressbooks.com oeidsanders.pressbooks.com
    1. Padlet

      By including these learning checks within Pressbooks, I'm overlapping with LMS functions. This would be another decision to work out with SME. The purpose is not to have course activities in 10 different places or to overextend the Pressbooks format, but simply to show the committee some range in my interactivity options.

    2. Some

      Again, a video insert to illustrate content in a new format to engage diverse learning styles. The selection would be worked out with SME.

    3. Tools

      Inserted section title & heading structure

    4. Facebook Messenger, Google Hangouts, and Skype). There are also 3D chat rooms that can be found in VWs (see chapter 3) such as Second Life and Twinity.

      Revised links by linking text with the URLs so they are intelligible to screen readers.

    1. Consider the following infographic

      This would have been selected with SME. I wanted to demonstrate multiple means of representation and use an insert to demonstrate use of Code of Best Practices for Fair Use in OER.

    2. following video

      Video embed to illustrate content & address diverse learning styles. Handy that I found one from the author, but as with all media inserts I've added, these would be chosen with the SME!

    3. Figure 4.1. A computer classroom at Washington State University.

      Inserted images with captions and added alt text

    4. Provide opportunities for learners to be active.

      Applied formal heading structure

    1. take advantage of modeling gain new, comprehensible language input use language creatively work together to understand new experiences and derive meaning from them solve language and content problems gain control of a situation or person learn to use language appropriately transfer information focus on language structure and use

      Created formal bulleted list for easier navigability and accessibility.

    2. STE Standards for Students

      Revised link

    3. TESOL Technology Standards

      Heavy references to standards in this chapter could be represented in a table format in addition to text for UDL reasons.

    1. Explain

      Applied formal structure to lists to enable keyboard/assistive technology readability

    2. Chapter 4: Communication and Collaboration

      Applied heading structure for accessibility & navigability

  7. May 2021
    1. Canvas has an accessibility checker option that provides an evaluation of how well the instructor sets up their site for overall accessibility. It also provides tips on how to improve the site. 

      I was not aware of this feature and I'll definitely be checking it out in the future!

  8. Apr 2021
    1. Email Accessibility

      • Subject lines: Simple, No-nonsense
      • Preheaders (i.e., the snippet that shows up in the inbox view) need to clearly state the purpose of the email
      • Use alt text for images (even for logos, "unimportant" information. Blind and low-vision folks don't want to "miss out" on information. If you've decided it's important enough to include in your email, it's important enough for alt text)
        • Buttons should be large, bold color, obvious, and should have ARIA labels
      • Software like Salesforce, Constant Contact, and Mailchimp allow you to paste HTML code, which allows you to add ARIA roles, alt text, etc
      • Will continue to use A, AA, and AAA to indicate 1st priority, 2nd priority, and 3rd priority
      • 2.2 Guidelines will be more technically prescriptive, but will offer multiple ways to meet guidelines so designers still have control over look and feel of content
      • New AA requirement: All functionality that uses dragging movement can be operated by a single pointer without dragging, unless dragging is essential (might have implications for creating highlights/annotations?)
      • Requirement that users can find help for completing tasks (having a "Contact us" link meets this requirement, so Hypothesis will be covered)
      • Accessible authentication: don't require users to remember an email/password or complete a CAPTCHA. Allow for social login, or provide "Email a login link" option.
    1. CSS-generated content is not included in the DOM. Because of this, it will not be represented in the accessibility tree and certain assistive technology/browser combinations will not announce it. If the content conveys information that is critical to understanding the page's purpose, it is better to include it in the main document.
    1. Resources associated with a Canvas by an Annotation that has the motivation value painting must be presented to the user as the representation of the Canvas.

      If a motivation has the value of painting, it MUST be present on the canvas. You cannot have this be optional. Therefore, if a transcript is painted on the canvas, the client should always render the transcription and should not allow the user to disable it.

  9. Mar 2021
    1. Unfortunately, so many of our tutorials (and media in general) only comes in one form. When our teachings are only provided in one media, in one language, in one form, it is inherently inaccessible to some subset of our students.
    1. A Low Bar to Entry, and then What?There is an interesting tension between making something accessible and making it boring. Lowering the barrier of entry is a good thing, but if all you do is low-bar stuff, you end up losing the people again that you managed to attract. There needs to be a path forward beyond the entry level.
    1. Screen readers for the blind can help them fill out a form more easily if the logical sections are broken into fieldsets with one legend for each one. A blind user can hear the legend text and decide, "oh, I can skip this section," just as a sighted user might do by reading it.
  10. Feb 2021
    1. What challenges do your students face in their learning environments, and how does your pedagogy address them?

      My students experience a number of accessibility challenges. These can range from paying for materials, viewing materials in different modalities, accessing the materials at different times etc. My hope is that Open Pedagogy can help lower those barriers to increase educational outcomes.

      I also (esp in the age of COVID) want to use resources that help build community within my classrooms and across the university environment.

  11. Jan 2021
    1. We talked, for example, about how stores and governments were adding new rules and social distancing guidelines, often communicated through purely visual means, like stickers on the floor and printed signs. Mr. Johnston acknowledged that it was a tough new time for businesses, but shared that he faces new types of exclusion as a result.

      this just makes me wonder how society in general will cope with this. Companies nay be more sensitive to all these challenges COVID has pushed in fast forward mode.

      This is not only about designers being in the front seat of the business development plan, is about we as users setting-up these expectations!

    1. The trouble with leaving the verb off is that if a user experiencing low or no vision is browsing with the aid of a screen reader, they may not be able to determine what the noun is for. Screen readers can scrape the current page and create lists by content type (headings, links, buttons, etc.) for easer navigation. Static text that is placed in visual proximity to the download links will not come along for the ride if accessed via this method. While it might seem redundant to show the word “download” over and over again, including it can go a long way to providing context for users navigating without visual aids, or who have zoomed the page’s content to the point where the layout may not communicate the visual relationship.
    2. In cases where there’s multiple download links on a page, the presence of the noun will help users navigating via screen reader. Here’s what it would sound like if you were browsing a page that had eight noun-less download links: Do you know which one of those eight links gets you what you want? No? That’s not great. Similarly, the presence of the download attribute on an <a> element won’t be announced by screen readers, so the verb is equally vital. It’s important to provide context!
    1. Content for alternatives: Having a basic alternative, whether it's alt text, a transcript, audio description, or sign language, makes the content accessible but to be equivalent it needs to capture the essence of the original.
  12. Nov 2020
    1. Make sure the label colour stands out against the button fill. You can check using http://accessible-colors.com/. Always make sure that your colours meet the AAA requirements.
    1. Becca Monteleone, a professor of disability studies at the University of Toledo. Monteleone says, historically, when people have written about individuals with intellectual and development disabilities, they’ve been “writing about rather than for or with.”

      And isn't this how we should be writing about most?

    1. many modes matter in representing academic knowledge.

      multi modal not only matters in representing academic knowledge, but is also a method of ensuring accessibility

  13. Oct 2020
    1. Interaction strategies are a type of accommodation that typically go unnamed and unwritten

      How many times do we use "accommodations" which dance around the relational issues, instead of dealing directly with them?

  14. react-spectrum.adobe.com react-spectrum.adobe.com
    1. Sometimes you might need to use an element other than a native <button>. useButton supports this via the elementType prop. When used with an element other than a native button, useButton automatically applies the necessary ARIA roles and attributes to ensure that the element is exposed to assistive technology as a button.
    1. Workplace Learning: The Roles of Knowledge Accessibility and Management

      Li, J., Brake, G., Champion, A., Fuller, T., Gabel, S., & Hatcher-Busch, L. (2009). Workplace Learning: The Roles of Knowledge Accessibility and Management. Journal of Workplace Learning, 21(4), 347–364.

      https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=shib&db=eric&AN=EJ842625&site=eds-live&scope=site&custid=uphoenix

      Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine how knowledge management systems have been used by the studied organizations to improve knowledge accessibility and knowledge sharing in order to increase workplace learning. Design/methodology/approach: The study relies on a qualitative multisite case study method. Data were obtained from five organizations at a southern state in the USA. Multiple interviews, onsite observation, and documentation analyses were conducted at each studied organization. Data analysis used open coding and thematic analysis. Results were triangulated based on multiple data sources. Findings: The findings revealed that the learning environment of an organization is important for workplace learning. All studied organizations share a need for a conversion of tacit to explicit knowledge in order to facilitate effective informal learning in the workplace. This research concludes that engineering the learning environment through effective knowledge management should be a cohesive effort of the entire organization and demands congruent support from all levels of the organization. Originality/value: The study expands the understanding of issues related to workplace learning through knowledge accessibility in both business and academic settings. To improve workplace learning, one should not just stipulate technology interventions; other factors, such as the organization's design, work design, and the culture/vision of the organization, all play important roles in the creation of a learning organization that will induce informal learning in the workplace.

      6/10

    1. Once you have selected text on the page and used our a keyboard shortcut, your browser’s focus will shift to a text box in the Hypothesis sidebar. Here you’ll be able to type a note to accompany your text selection.

      Testing out making annotations in the browser with Hypothes.is by only using my keyboard.

      • F7 to turn on Carrot browsing extension
      • Ctrl+Shift+H to turn on Hypothesis
      • Use Ctrl and arrow keys to move about the page
      • Shift + arrow keys to highlight section
      • Alternately Shift+Ctrl+ arrow keys to go by word
      • Tap a or h to open up an annotation or highlight respectively
      • For annotations, type the note, tab to add tags, and then post.
  15. Sep 2020
    1. The fully styleable primitives that the web offers (e.g. <div>) are quite powerful, but they lack semantic meaning. This means that accessibility is often missing because assistive technology cannot make sense of the div soup that we use to implement our components.
  16. Aug 2020
    1. Accessibility without inclusion is not real accessibility.
    2. If you work in government, food supply, healthcare, or utilities, there is no excuse for not providing offline options. In doing so you are excluding some of the most marginalized people. The internet is amazing, but it is not the only way to share information.
    3. Digital exclusion is when someone is unable or unwilling to access information and services online.
    1. Vogels, C. B. F., Brackney, D., Wang, J., Kalinich, C. C., Ott, I., Kudo, E., Lu, P., Venkataraman, A., Tokuyama, M., Moore, A. J., Muenker, M. C., Casanovas-Massana, A., Fournier, J., Bermejo, S., Campbell, M., Datta, R., Nelson, A., Team, Y. I. R., Cruz, C. D., … Grubaugh, N. (2020). SalivaDirect: Simple and sensitive molecular diagnostic test for SARS-CoV-2 surveillance. MedRxiv, 2020.08.03.20167791. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.08.03.20167791

  17. Jul 2020
  18. Jun 2020
  19. May 2020
    1. Also, with more design styles and choices, many websites opt to not use an underlining style for an embedded link in text, nor will they use a traditional blue color to indicate an embedded link.

      Fortunately Google's ranking algorithm penalizes against this in addition to requirements for better online accessibility that help to encourage against these sorts of dark patterns of web design. Users still need to be aware that they exist however.

  20. Apr 2020
    1. I got way too many emails from people about API requests being blocked to respond to. Often this was due to simply not meeting the API requirements, for example providing a descriptive UA string. Other times it was because they were on the same network as abusive users. There were also those who simply smashed through the rate limit too quickly and got themselves banned for a day. Other times, there were genuine API users in that West African country who found themselves unable to use the service. I was constantly balancing the desire to make the API easily accessible whilst simultaneously trying to ensure it wasn't taken advantage of.
  21. Mar 2020
  22. Feb 2020
    1. MIT, one of the most celebrated academic research institutes in the world, has agreed to provide industry standard captioning for publicly-available online content, including video and audio content posted on MIT.edu as well as MIT’s YouTube, Vimeo, and Soundcloud pages, certain live-streaming events and online courses such as Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs), MITx and MIT OpenCourseWare. 

      everything publicly facing and once has to assume it will be privately facing as well as this point. The need for live transcription, natural language processing, and all sorts of things to convert such massive outputs should be through the roof!

    1. Safari Settings: Advanced > Accessibility > Press Tab to highlight each item on a webpage

      In Safari 13.0.5 on macOS 10.15:

    2. System Settings: Keyboard > Shortcuts > Full Keyboard Access > All controls

      I think this may be out of date. On macOS 10.15 (Catalina) I see no such option. However there is an option to enable keyboard navigation with a different label ("Use keyboard navigation...").

      System settings in macOS 10.15

    1. Ruelas_C_OIP

      Implementing Accessibility in a Digital Print

      LO

      Address the design of a variety of instructional media while effectively designing and testing for accessibility

      Types of Impairments and Disabilities

      Preview of a digital print

      Developing a design plan

      Give me some specifics on Dyslexia, cognitive disabilities, etc.

      recommending listing Step 1 of X, Why is this easier for a person with disabilities?

      cool cool i know how to add alt text

      Designing Plan Considerations:

      Visual - images with alt text

      Motor/Mobility - use mouse-free

      Auditory - add close captioning

      Learning - Add visual cues and dyslexic font

  23. Dec 2019
    1. Remarkably, studies receiving mainly public funding can, a quarter of a century on, still survive without making their data available in a useful way. In the UK a series of studies—the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (100), UK Biobank (101), and Born in Bradford (102), among others—have surely been exemplary in promoting data accessibility.

      Critical points!

  24. Nov 2019
    1. article circulating that claims accessibility and aesthetics are at odds with each other

      Oh, you mean this one? https://uxmovement.com/thinking/the-aesthetic-accessibility-paradox/ I'll just go ahead and link it to make it ... accessible ... for everyone. :)

    1. This is to say, the ingredients and the quantities thereof are indicated by pictures which most illiterate persons can understand and persons with poor vision can see; and which are readily grasped by the minds of those who are not in the above classes.

      an early example of accessibility UI in a cook book.

    1. public money isnot used to create or perpetuate disability-related barriers, and regarding training of front-linepersonnel.

      This component of the Bill may help other disciplines other than our own to take this seriously.

  25. Aug 2019
    1. And they have largely moved beyond the mental model of universal design (UD) in the physical environment, which is static, bounded, and predictable—instead designing interactions according to UDL, which sees interactions as dynamic, open, and emergent.

      Really interesting point here about the limit of the "curb cut" metaphor.

    2. They typically chop off the end of the word "accessibility," focusing their efforts on expanding access, regardless of the ability profiles of their learners

      Great pull quote.

  26. Apr 2019
  27. learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com learn-us-east-1-prod-fleet01-xythos.s3.us-east-1.amazonaws.com
    1. Since online learning has a different setting from the conventional classroom,online educators need to use some special techniques and perceptions to leadto success. Moreover, adults have special needs and requirements as learnerscompared with children and adolescents, thus online educators should knowhow adults can learn best because of their special characteristics. Philosophicaland methodological shifts also affect instruction. Many researchers havesuggested that constructivism should be applied in distance education. Thus,this paper attempts to examine the impact of constructivism in online learningenvironments when focusing on adult learners. The author develops the con-nection between constructivism and adult learning theory. In addition, thepaper proposes instructional guidelines using the constructivist approach inonline learning for adults.
  28. Mar 2019
    1. The Accessibility Guide

      Arizona State University has a public webpage i nregards to accessibility and instructional design. The web page links to multiple online resources that outline accessibility standards across the United States. Additionally, this webpage provides an accessibility guide for anyone to download for instructional design related projects. Rating 9/10 for being a helpful resource that is easily accessible.

    1. Online is clearly where the growth is, especially when it comes to enrolling adults.

      This article is based around the idea that online education increases access for learners but lacks in completion data. This article provides data around the United States from a study conducted over a few years. Generally speaking this article encourages blended learning rather than all online to obtain better outcomes for adult learners. Rating 7/10 for use of graphs and evidence from data.

    1. Adult students have a higher incidence of disability and are less likely to seek accommodations than the general student population, so it is critical that institutions of higher education anticipate their needs, especially in online classes.

      This article provides statistics about the number of adult learners who learn online with a disability and how these numbers need to be addressed. The author observes that adult learning are least likely to ask for help and it's the designers job to assess their work to make it more accessible. This article provides recommendations on how to become more familiar with technology and what guidelines people should be following. Rating: 10/10 for addressing accessibility among adult learners and providing recommendations.

    1. The project reported here aimed to highlight the advantages and weaknesses of web‐based learning for adults with learning disability, and to suggest improvements.

      This article reviews challenges faced by adult learners with learning disabilities as it related to online learning. This article discusses how adults with learning disabilities might not adopt new technologies in a productive way and highlights positive and negative aspects of this scenario. Additionally the author provides solutions to identify advantages and disadvantages of online learning for adults. Rating: 9/10 for addressing accessibility and disability concerns among adult learners.

    1. This is here in part to make sure that one of my bookmarks is the E-learning Guild. They offer an executive summary on 'creating accessible eLearning: practitioner perspectives" for free at this page. The entire document is available to members. Rating 3/5

  29. Feb 2019
    1. A new set of quality indicators for accessible educational materials aims to help institutions ensure at scale that all students have the same learning opportunities in face-to-face classrooms and digital learning environments.

      set of quality indicators for accessible materials - can we measure these? Are we measuring these?

  30. Jan 2019
    1. if packages and their elements are essential tools, then it makes a considerable difference that some are more readily available than others. Making sense of the world requires an effort, and those tools that are developed, spotlighted, and made readily accessible have a higher probability of being used

      i.e. the most available and accessible frames are the most likely to influence public opinion

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  31. Dec 2018
    1. without opening a separate tab)

      "In general, it is better not to open new windows and tabs since they can be disorienting for people, especially people who have difficulty perceiving visual content."

      https://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20-TECHS/G200.html

  32. Nov 2018
    1. This article brings up the important issue of accessibility as a barrier to technology integration. It is suggested that accessibility should be a much more pressing concern than technological relevance to a lesson plan. First it is important to know whether or not all students will still have equal access and ability to reach mastery with the deliver method provided.

      Rating: 7/10

  33. Oct 2018
    1. Making Bulb More Accessible Heydon Pickering
    2. The Imitation Game Job van Achterberg

      Simulation alone might have opposite of intended effect— participants might end up feeling negatively about the disability being simulated.

      However, if framed with an appropriate conversation, the simulation can have positive effects and build empathy

    3. Three Lessons from Co-designing in a Large Corporation Alwar Pillai

      Co-design: empowering users to make design decisions

      Challenges

      • Timing: a11y often not considered until too late in the design process
      • Budget: when retrofitting for a11y, creates cost issues

      Perception

      • Calling co-design sessions "meetings" appealed to the company culture & made it seem more casual. Team was more open to the idea this way.

      Measuring success

      • Scope & compliance: how much of product is compliant?
      • Shared responsibility: does everyone in the product lifecycle feel a sense of responsibility for a11y?
      • Open lines of communication between designers and devs & users with disabilities
    4. [Dog Barking in Distance] Vanessa Wells
      • Remember that subtitles and captions are not the same! Subtitles = just transposing spoken parts. Captions include sound effects.
      • Lack of QA for captions is ableism

      How to make captions better

      • Special training is required - not just anyone can do this -Captioning should be a discipline within media & comms studies
      • For sounds: it's significant if it contributes to the purpose of the scene. Background sounds, even if loud, are not always necessary!
      • Also, sometimes silence is necessary to point out to create appropriate atmosphere
      • Pay attention to idioms and make sure they're spelled / punctuated properly, otherwise it'll trip up the reader
      • Fact checking is necessary to make sure sounds are being described properly (sirens vs factory whistles, as an example)
      • Be exact about music playing - include song title, artist, and lyrics
      • Make sure captions aren't obscured by background
    5. Creating Accessible React Apps Scott Vinkle

      How to set page titles with React

      • default behavior: page title not updated and not announced to screen reader
      • use document.title property to display name after load (Note: this might be useful info for Hypothesis to provide to publishers / page owners once we had support for SPAs)

      Managing focus during page load

      • don't use document.getElementById because it doesn't work reliably
      • use React Ref API, set focus on the div after the page is fully loaded
    6. The Dark Side of the Grid Manuel Matuzović
      • Both tab order and screen reader order follows DOM order. Changing visual order with CSS grid has no effect on DOM and therefore screenreader. Can make things confusing for keyboard users, users of screen magnifiers.
      • Change source order, not visual order
      • Test all layouts with keyboard to make sure focus order is as expected
      • Don't compromise on semantics for visual order
    7. SC 1.3.5: More than just autocomplete John Foliot

      WCAG 2.1 Requirements:

      • 5 examples of websites meeting the requirement, at least 2 meeting AA and 1 meeting AAA
      • For each criterion, there needed to be at least 2 examples of how to implement
      • Documenting and testing procedures

      History of Success Criterion 1.3.5

      • Personalization: tailoring aspects of UX to meet preferences or needs of user
      • Buttons, controls, links, inputs, can be modified/personalized by user --> First, identify purpose

      Technical needs:

      • publicly published metadata schema
      • means of attaching metadata at the element level
      • demonstrate value of attaching the metadata

      Personalization task force formed to work on:

      • taxonomies for semantics, help & support, and tools
      • in the future: implement a "numbers-free" mode for users with dyscalculia
      • work is being tracked in personalization-semantics repo
      • Seeking feedback on vocab list
      • HTML5 autocomplete attribute can be used to hint to user how to or whether to provide information --> provided a taxonomy for 2.1

      Extensions for SC 1.3.5

      • One that adds commonly used pictograms for certain words
      • One that presents a compact list of all autocomplete fields on the page (could help with security concerns re: off-screen inputs)
    8. Game Accessibility In 2018 Ian Hamilton
      • AT: single switch. Anything with just a simple on/off switch. Could be a button, tube to blow into, etc (like what Steven Hawking would use!)
      • Consider that cognitive disabilities might be present in addition to physical ones.
      • “Games represent access to recreation, culture, and socializing. The difference between existing and living.”

      Recent advancements:

      • Nintendo Switch introduced color inverting and greyscale options. First time in history every major gaming system has some level of a11y integration!
      • Xbox has adaptive controller which allows you to completely remap controls in any way you want.
      • GameCritic now includes screenshot of what subtitles look like and screenshot of game controls. Allows someone to know whether they’ll be able to play the game.
      • Ubisoft now does FAQs for a11y features in games.
      • EA Sports also surfacing a11y info and publishing manuals in screen reader accessible format
      • Publish a11y info in advance of game release so AT users can decide whether they’ll buy the game ahead of time.
      • Consider addition of “stress free mode” where users can play without worrying about failure (see: Barbarian)
      • Madden 18 added haptics (in addition to preexisting announcer feature) to make the game accessible to blind users
      • Auto camera tracking removes need to use right joystick when walking
      • Customizable subtitles!!!!
    9. A Primer on the Designer's a11y Responsibility Hala Anwar
      • Wireframes are only visual, meaning devs are responsible for figuring out how the product behaves for all non-sighted users
      • Designers need to create comparable experience for everyone who uses the product
      • Include WCAG-compliant guidelines re: color, contrast, focus states, etc in your design system
      • For wireframes, mark up header, main, and footer sections so devs know to use appropriate semantic roles
      • Focus order: designers should draw the path of focus order for devs
      • Tip: get the NVDA list of elements to see links and buttons out of order, see if it still makes sense
      • WAI-ARIA cheat sheet by Karl Groves
      • Create a table where each element of the page is listed. Create columns for role, properties, and any state changes