262 Matching Annotations
  1. Nov 2020
    1. ow-SES people,

      I think this evidence is a result of the the main claim of the government not being able to help low income families and students, leading to discrimination from society and fits well into the essay.

    2. e “concentrated disadvantage” of living in low-income communities—whereconditions such as unhealthy air and water, overpopulated living arrangements, a lack of healthyfood, and few play areas are common—contributes to the strugg

      I think this piece of evidence provides a good backing point to the main claim of the essay and plays really well with the analysis and the source being used in this paragraph.

    3. Baker and Johnston examine the evidence that low-incomeschools tend to have “teachers with significantly fewer years at the school and lower levels ofcertification” (195)

      I like this use of a source. The author elaborates on it and this argument came up earlier as well so it ties the essay together nicely.

    4. While this study focused on the divide between high- and low-incomeschools, Gorski elaborates that children from low-income families are more likely to attendlow-income schools in the first place

      I'm not sure what exactly this is talking about. It seems a bit out of place. It seems like it may have been stuck in there as an after thought.

    5. Gorski goes into detailabout the nature of American classism, using common myths about the poor to demonstrate theidea that the poor as a whole have “​monolithic and predictable beliefs, values, and behaviors”(32). He explains that these myths lead to a social system where people in power are reluctant tofix or are ignorant of social institutions (including public education) which perpetuate poverty.Without acknowledging the classism that these stereotypes promote, proposed remedies toeducation inequality will continue to be ineffective, band-aid solutions.

      I think in this paragraph, the author could've incorporated education more into their argument. Here it appears that they're talking about poverty in general and not education specifically.

    6. iter Tori DeAngelis defines

      I like how the author gives some background to the main issue of her work, but I feel like they could have done more explaining on the "government side" of the issue as stated in her essay.

    7. Says US Civil Rights Commission,” National Public Radio writer CoryTurner says the commission found that funding varies too much among different schools,districts, and states, “especially when research shows that students living in poverty often showup to school needing extra help and extra resources.”

      I like how the author uses this source to prove her claim that the US government has not done enough to close the gap between low and high income schools and further explains that the issue is much more complex than just equal funding because of the discrepancy of the resources presented to the two scenarios.

    1. A novel theoretical development in recent years is the analysis of the consequences of stereotyped reasoning or statistical discrimina- tion (see Phelps 1972; Arrow 1973). This analysis suggests that the beliefs of employers, teachers, and other influential groups that minor- ity members are less productive can be self-fulfilling, for these beliefs may cause minorities to underinvest in education, training, and work skills, such as punctuality. The underinvestment does make them less productive (see a good recent analysis by Loury [1992])

      Uses theoretical evidence of others to support his theory.

    1. “Do I remember this bright little face?” he said softly. “Is it known to me of yore?”

      This is suggestive of of the old man's rich experience attending balls. The questions the man asked implies the man's awareness that it is Leila's first ball at this point since he did not see Leila before in any ball he attended.

    1. The films are thus better understood as copies whose originals are often lost or little known” (Dika, 10-11)

      This is a great way the writer used to defend their claim. Just by including evidence that nostalgia in films are just copies whose originals are lost. In fact it's giving justice to the originals because they're reviving the original lost film instead of it being lost forever.

    2. Those who regularly were in a nostalgic state were considered to be unhealthy, as they were ‘stuck’ in the past, ignoring their present lives. (“Anticipatory Nostalgia”, 75).

      I like the way the writer expresses the counter argument using their evidence smoothly providing a nice transition. Then later connects the evidence with nostalgia in films.

    3. Repurposing, however, occurs when filmmakers choose to re-contextualize an actor’s likeness with the goal of completing a project that the performer had never been a part of when he or she was living (“No Longer Themselves?”, 50-51). In most cases, digital resurrection done in the case of film completion is morally permissible, while repurposing a deceased actor is mostly an unethical endeavor.

      Author explains with annotation because directors/producers will disregard moral/ethics if they really want a dead actor/actress to appear in their film

    4. “Digital Heroes in Contemporary Hollywood: Exertion, Identification, and the Virtual Action Body”, the rise of CGI is resulting in the “death” of the live actor, who now is being taken over by the “synthespians” of the modern age (5). This reasoning explains why so many living actors are strongly against the rise of CGI and digital resurrection;

      Explains why CGI,de-aging, and resurrection aren't taken in light by critics or actors, but it does offer a reason to why it is on the rise because there is a sense of demand when it comes to possibly "bringing back" dead actors

    1. There is also another issue that Rogue One presents in its resurrection of Cushing, as touched on by Edwards in an interview with CNN Entertainment: “We spoke to Peter Cushing’s estate and asked them, ‘how do you feel about this?’ and they were okay with it. And then the real challenge became: can you do it?” (2017)

      I really liked this evidence because is from an interview about Peter Cushing.

    2. It is for this reason why digital resurrection in the scenario of film completion is generally accepted positively: it is viewed as a means for an actor to complete his or her final performance, something that could be tragically lost if the film is not finished (“No Longer Themselves?”, 50).

      giving the pros of why digital resurrections is seeing in a positive way by people.

  2. Oct 2020
    1. Gorski warns that the nature of American classism oftencauses ​well-intentioned teachers to stereotype poor students. In “Accuracy and Inaccuracy inTeachers’ Perceptions of Young Children’s Cognitive Abilities,” Columbia University professorsDouglas D. Ready and David L. Wright explain their study of teacher biases, which indicatedthat “students’ skills come to reflect teachers’ initial perceptions” (356).

      I believe the author could've done better here in eliminating the amount of background information on the source in an effort to get to the point. A possible option would've been to state "A study done by Columbia University indicated ... about the accuracy and inaccuracy of teachers' perceptions of young children cognitive abilities." Then proceed with the commentary or further source evidence if needed.

    2. testing does “not significantly [narrow] national andstate level achievement gaps between white students and non-white students or gaps betweenrich and poor students”

      The way that the source is used here in the flow of the essay is a style choice that I believe increases the readability of the piece. Having the quote embedded into the flow of the authors own words instead of making a separate statement that houses the quote not only bodes well for transitions, but decreasing the need for drawn out subclaims.

    1. There is also another issue that Rogue One presents in its resurrection of Cushing, as touched on by Edwards in an interview with CNN Entertainment:

      I like that the author actually hyperlinked this source. It makes it a lot easier to access the quote they used and be able to verify it. This shows very good ethos!

    2. “Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could, they didn’t stop to think if they should.” – Ian Malcolm, Jurassic Park.

      I like this use of sources. The quote directly ties into the piece but the author makes sure it stands out. He also properly cites the quote.

    1. use of an extended metaphor, using “financial lingo”

      Evidence- the writer points out specific evidence supporting his point that the purpose of the article is to convey the significance of emotionally investing in your children.

    1. participatory production processes are often subsumed under capital interest.

      Social media - participatory/alternative - is being used to further the production of wealth through the exploitation of participants' who become advertising targets. quotes sources who thing the same.

    2. But not only conservatives, also far right groups make use ofparticipatory tools on the internet. One example is the online forum of the National Democratic Party of Germany

      Author supports the alternative theory that alt media may also be alt right.

    3. alternative media as participatory media often also include non-commercial financing

      The author introduces evidence and then criticizes the lack of financing of alt media as exploitative. Without resources, the alternative media extract talent and money from the very people who create it.

    4. Some representatives of the participatory media approach like

      Provides support from other theorists about the dangers of remaining isolated. Unless its about community building on a small geographic scale. There's limited value to being separated and having a small projection to ones voice.

    5. mar-ginalization or abandonment of radical content in order to reach broader audience

      To make it more commercial, alt media covers topics that have a broad appeal and can therefore appeal to economic interests.

    6. confronted with the antagonism between dominative structures and emancipatory goals. It isimpossible to act outside of these structures within a capitalist society.

      Paraphrases Knoche - Capitalist constructs constrain alt media.

    7. alternativemedia should recognize that ‘‘capitalist skills as marketing and promotion can be used to further their political goals”

      Authors sites other author to support their case.

    8. In the 1980s, the Comedia research group criticized approaches that define alternative media as participatory med-ia. According to Comedia, the public marginality of many alternative media projects stems from a lack of professionalorganization structures

      Evidence to support the author's position that access as a participant in the creation of alt media doesn't define what alt media is.

    9. According to them

      Using "alternative media scholars" to support the thesis - illustrating their observations about the characteristics of alternative.

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  3. Sep 2020
    1. Hennessy, E. A., Acabchuk, R., Arnold, P. A., Dunn, A. G., Foo, Y. Z., Johnson, B. T., Geange, S. R., Haddaway, N. R., Nakagawa, S., Mapanga, W., Mengersen, K., Page, M. J., Sánchez-Tójar, A., Welch, V., & McGuinness, L. A. (2020). Ensuring Prevention Science Research is Synthesis-Ready for Immediate and Lasting Scientific Impact [Preprint]. MetaArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31222/osf.io/ptg9j

  4. Aug 2020
  5. Jul 2020
  6. Jun 2020
    1. Empiricism emphasizes the role of empirical evidence in the formation of ideas, rather than innate ideas or traditions.