329 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
    1. Howard, J., Huang, A., Li, Z., Tufekci, Z., Zdimal, V., Westhuizen, H.-M. van der, Delft, A. von, Price, A., Fridman, L., Tang, L.-H., Tang, V., Watson, G. L., Bax, C. E., Shaikh, R., Questier, F., Hernandez, D., Chu, L. F., Ramirez, C. M., & Rimoin, A. W. (2021). An evidence review of face masks against COVID-19. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(4). https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2014564118

    1. The Last Crusidual. (2021, February 2). @SciBeh @MichaelPaulEdw1 @ToddHorowitz3 @richarddmorey you can’t have any form of evidence. If you concider any form of evidence, than what is talked about than isn’t anymore what the falacy sais. [Tweet]. @islaut1. https://twitter.com/islaut1/status/1356529266519924736

    1. Jonathan Rothberg 🦋. (2021, March 2). Testing works. I test daily. Insist on HOME testing. @michaelmina_lab @JoeBiden Research suggests B.1.526 needs to be closely watched “for its ability to evade both monoclonal antibody and, to a certain extent, the vaccine-induced antibody,” said Fauci [Tweet]. @JMRothberg. https://twitter.com/JMRothberg/status/1366755339912306688

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). Great list, but I think one of the main problems with “absence of evidence fallacy” is its phrasing: “absence of evid. Is not the same as evidence of absence” is a true statement, “absence of evidence is not evidence of absence” is literally false @richarddmorey [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356172673651503104

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 2). @MichaelPaulEdw1 @islaut1 @ToddHorowitz3 @richarddmorey @MaartenvSmeden as I just said to @islaut1 if you want to force the logical contradiction you move away entirely from all of the interesting cases of inference from absence in everyday life, including the interesting statistical cases of, for example, null findings—So I think we now agree? [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356530759016792064

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). @MaartenvSmeden @richarddmorey you absolutely did (and I would have been disappointed if you hadn’t ;-)! It was a general comment prompted by the fact that the title of the article you linked to doesn’t (as is widespread), and I actually genuinely think this is part of the “problem” in pedagogical terms. 1/2 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356227423067664384

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). @islaut1 @richarddmorey I think of strength of inference resting on P(not E|not H) (for coronavirus case). Search determines the conditional probability (and by total probability of course prob of evidence) but it isn’t itself the evidence. So, was siding with R. against what I thought you meant ;-) [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356216290847944706

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2020, November 25). @ToddHorowitz3 @sciam do you mean the specific article is bad, or the wider claim/argument? Because as someone who does research on collective intelligence, I’d say there is some reason to believe it is true that there can be “too much” communication in science. See e.g. The work of Kevin Zollman [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1331672900550725634

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 1). @islaut1 @richarddmorey I think diff. Is that your first response seemed to indicate the evidence was the search itself (contra Richard) so turning an inference from absence of something into a kind of positive evidence ('the search’). Let’s call absence of evidence “not E”. 1/2 [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356215051238191104

    1. ReconfigBehSci. (2021, February 2). @MichaelPaulEdw1 @islaut1 @ToddHorowitz3 @richarddmorey as this account is focussed on COVID, maybe time to move the discussion elsewhere- happy to discuss further if you want to get in touch by email—U.hahn" "https://t.co/HOGwHragEb [Tweet]. @SciBeh. https://twitter.com/SciBeh/status/1356529368630239232

    1. Dr. Jonathan N. Stea. (2021, January 25). Covid-19 misinformation? We’re over it. Pseudoscience? Over it. Conspiracies? Over it. Want to do your part to amplify scientific expertise and evidence-based health information? Join us. 🇨🇦 Follow us @ScienceUpFirst. #ScienceUpFirst https://t.co/81iPxXXn4q. Https://t.co/mIcyJEsPXe [Tweet]. @jonathanstea. https://twitter.com/jonathanstea/status/1353705111671869440

    1. Dr Nisreen Alwan 🌻. (2021, March 14). Exactly a year ago we wrote this letter in the Times. We were gobsmacked! We just didn’t understand what the government was basing all its decisions on including stopping testing and the herd immunity by natural infection stuff. We wanted to see the evidence backing them. [Tweet]. @Dr2NisreenAlwan. https://twitter.com/Dr2NisreenAlwan/status/1371168531669258242

    1. Maarten van Smeden. (2021, February 1). Personal top 10 fallacies and paradoxes in statistics 1. Absence of evidence fallacy 2. Ecological fallacy 3. Stein’s paradox 4. Lord’s paradox 5. Simpson’s paradox 6. Berkson’s paradox 7. Prosecutors fallacy 8. Gambler’s fallacy 9. Lindsey’s paradox 10. Low birthweight paradox [Tweet]. @MaartenvSmeden. https://twitter.com/MaartenvSmeden/status/1356147552362639366

    1. Dr Nisreen Alwan 🌻. (2020, March 14). Our letter in the Times. ‘We request that the government urgently and openly share the scientific evidence, data and modelling it is using to inform its decision on the #Covid_19 public health interventions’ @richardhorton1 @miriamorcutt @devisridhar @drannewilson @PWGTennant https://t.co/YZamKCheXH [Tweet]. @Dr2NisreenAlwan. https://twitter.com/Dr2NisreenAlwan/status/1238726765469749248

    1. Chen, X., Chen, Z., Azman, A. S., Deng, X., Sun, R., Zhao, Z., Zheng, N., Chen, X., Lu, W., Zhuang, T., Yang, J., Viboud, C., Ajelli, M., Leung, D. T., & Yu, H. (2021). Serological evidence of human infection with SARS-CoV-2: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(21)00026-7

  2. May 2021
  3. Apr 2021
    1. Mehdi Hasan. (2021, April 12). ‘Given you acknowledged...in March 2020 that Asian countries were masking up at the time, saying we shouldn’t mask up as well was a mistake, wasn’t it... At the time, not just in hindsight?’ My question to Dr Fauci. Listen to his very passionate response: Https://t.co/BAf4qp0m6G [Tweet]. @mehdirhasan. https://twitter.com/mehdirhasan/status/1381405233360814085

  4. Mar 2021
    1. We found that a much higher percentage(17/38, or 44.7%) ofKdm4dmRNA-injected SCNT embryosderived from fetal monkey fibroblasts were able to develop intoFigure 1. Procedure for Monkey SCNTUsing Fetal Monkey Fibroblasts(A) Fetal monkey fibroblasts in primary culture.(B and C) Spindle-chromosome complex (arrow-head) in a monkey MII oocyte before (B) and after(C) removal.(D–F) An oocyte with a slit in the zona pellucida (D,arrowhead) induced by laser irradiation, and theHVJ-E-incubated fibroblast (arrowhead) before (E)and after (F) injection into the perivitelline space.(G) Spindle-like structure formed by the donorfibroblast nucleus after fibroblast-cytoplast fusion.(H) Single nucleus formed after embryo activationwith ionomycin and DMAP.(I) Blastocysts developed fromKdm4dmRNA-injected embryos, which were produced by SCNTusing fetal fibroblasts (arrowheads: ICM).(J–L) Example images of blastocysts with andwithout normal development of ICM shown at ahigher resolution. Blastocysts with a prominentICM (arrowhead) obtained by SCNT (J), blasto-cysts with a prominent ICM (arrowhead) obtainedby ICSI (K), and poor-quality blastocysts withoutclear ICM obtained by SCNT (L).All scale bars, 60mm.blastocysts, among which a large fraction(11/17, or 64.7%) showed prominent ICMsimilar to the ICM in embryos obtained byintracytoplasmic sperm injection (Figures1I–1L,2A, and 2B). We also tested theeffect ofKdm4dmRNA injection onSCNT embryos derived from cumuluscells of adult female monkeys (from which the oocytes wereobtained) and found that all SCNT embryos showed a singlepronucleus after activation under I/D/T condition (Figures S2A–S2D). The majority of them (24/33, or 72.7%) developed intoblastocysts, most of which (15/24, or 62.5%) showed prominentICM. By contrast, in the absence ofKdm4dmRNA injection, only5% (1/20) of SCNT embryos derived from cumulus cellsdeveloped into blastocysts, none of which showed prominentICM
    2. Analysis of RNA-seq datasets of monkeyICSI embryos at 4- and 8-cell stage (n = 4 embryos each) ledto identification of 3,997 regions (20–160 kb) that were ex-pressed at least 5-fold higher (FC > 5) in 8-cell embryos ascompared to 4-cell embryos (Data S1), indicating massive up-regulation of genes during early embryonic development.
    3. Clear spindle-like structure was detected after thefusion of the fetal monkey fibroblast with the enucleated oocyte(Figures 1G andS1A). About 1–2 hr after the fusion, ‘‘recon-structed’’ oocytes were activated with ionomycin and 6-dime-thylaminopurine (I/D). All activated embryos showed a singlepronucleus (Figures 1H andS1B) and were further cultured forin vitrodevelopment

      Evidence showing success with the fusion of the fibroblasts with the enucleated oocyte.

    4. trans-planted SCNT embryos in surrogate monkeys. ForSCNT using fetal monkey fibroblasts, 6 pregnancieswere confirmed in 21 surrogates and yielded2 healthy babies. For SCNT using adult monkeycumulus cells, 22 pregnancies were confirmed in42 surrogates and yielded 2 babies that were short-lived

      SCNT using fetal monkey fibroblasts vs. SCNT using adult monkey cumulus cells

    1. In recent years, the U.S. federal government has invested approximately $463 billion annually in interventions that affect the overall health and well-being of children and youth, while state and local budgets have devoted almost double that amount. The potential returns on these investments may not only be substantial but also have long-lasting effects for individuals and succeeding generations of their families.

      Ideally, those tasked with making these investments would have available to them the evidence needed to determine the cost of all required resources to fully implement and sustain each intervention, the expected returns of the investment, to what extent these returns can be measured in monetary or nonmonetary terms, and who will receive the returns and when. As a result of a number of challenges, however, such evidence may not be effectively produced or applied. Low-quality evidence and/or a failure to consider the context in which the evidence will be used may weaken society's ability to invest wisely, and also reduce future demand for this and other types of evidence.

      Advancing the Power of Economic Evidence to Inform Investments in Children, Youth, and Families highlights the potential for economic evidence to inform investment decisions for interventions that support the overall health and well-being of children, youth, and families. This report describes challenges to the optimal use of economic evidence, and offers recommendations to stakeholders to promote a lasting improvement in its quality, utility, and use.

    1. Ashish K. Jha, MD, MPH. (2020, November 20). Today was a very, very odd day I testified before @senatehomeland They held a hearing on hydroxychloroquine. Yup, HCQ In the middle of the worst surge of pandemic HCQ It was clear how our information architecture shapes questions of science and medicine of COVID A thread [Tweet]. @ashishkjha. https://twitter.com/ashishkjha/status/1329646432958156801

  5. Feb 2021
    1. Trump posted the hashtag on Facebook, this time without any misspelling. Since Facebook wasn’t suppressing the hashtag, there was no need to typosquat around it. That night, Trump used the slogan at a campaign rally in Wisconsin.
    2. Finally, Mr. Trump tweeted the typosquatted hashtag the Friday before Election Day.
    3. A hallmark of a successful disinformation campaign is adaptation — when proponents of the campaign adjust their tactics to get around efforts that journalists, government officials or tech companies have taken to stem its spread. On Oct. 16, campaign operators began adapting to Twitter’s curbs.
    4. On Oct. 16, The Daily Beast reported that these Himalaya accounts were a connected network affiliated with Mr. Bannon. Twitter confirmed to Foreign Policy magazine that it had taken down a network of connected accounts pushing Hunter Biden disinformation.
    5. In early October, Rudy Giuliani, the president’s personal lawyer, used the hashtag repeatedly, hinting at what would later be revealed by The Post: that the F.B.I. had seized a computer that purportedly belonged to Hunter Biden.
    6. And Mr. Trump’s typo? It was surely not accidental. That extra “i” circumvented Twitter’s efforts to hide the hashtag in search results. Called #typosquatting, this tactic is often used by trolls and media manipulators to get around the rules of social media platforms.
    7. In the last month, on Facebook alone, posts with the hashtag had about 277,000 “interactions” like reactions and comments, according to the data analytics tool CrowdTangle — and that’s only on non-private pages. Without the hashtag, the slogan has had more than a million public interactions this month on Facebook.
    8. Mr. Trump tweeted the typosquatted hashtag


    9. Twitter accounts with “Himalaya” in the handle used the #BidenCrimeFamily hashtag to spread those photos across Twitter.


    10. In the last month, on Facebook alone, posts with the hashtag had about 277,000 “interactions”

      evidence - specific details

    1. Tang, J. W., Bahnfleth, W. P., Bluyssen, P. M., Buonanno, G., Jimenez, J. L., Kurnitski, J., Li, Y., Miller, S., Sekhar, C., Morawska, L., Marr, L. C., Melikov, A. K., Nazaroff, W. W., Nielsen, P. V., Tellier, R., Wargocki, P., & Dancer, S. J. (2021). Dismantling myths on the airborne transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Journal of Hospital Infection, 0(0). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2020.12.022

  6. Jan 2021
    1. The courses span a suite of synthesis methods, including systematic review and systematic mapping, stakeholder engagement in evidence synthesis, and evidence synthesis technology.
    1. IRT methods constitute another set of procedures for examining the degree to which test items conform to a hypothesized structure.



    1. Researchers looked at a group of 143 Penn undergraduates, using baseline monitoring and randomly assigning each to either a group limiting Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat use to 10 minutes per platform per day, or to one told to use social media as usual for three weeks. The results, published in the Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, showed significant reductions in loneliness and depression over three weeks in the group limiting use compared to the control group.
    2. Yildirim
    3. In 2018, 42% of those surveyed in a Pew Research Center survey said they had taken a break from checking the platform for a period of several weeks or more, while 26% said they had deleted the Facebook app from their cellphone.
    4. Recently in the realm of commerce, Facebook faced skepticism in its testimony to the Senate Banking Committee on Libra, its proposed cryptocurrency and alternative financial system. In politics, heartthrob Justin Bieber tweeted the President of the United States, imploring him to “let those kids out of cages.” In law enforcement, the Philadelphia police department moved to terminate more than a dozen police officers after their racist comments on social media were revealed.

      examples of social media's integration in our lives

  7. Dec 2020
  8. Nov 2020
    1. The Trump team (and much of the GOP) is working backwards, desperately trying to find something, anything to support the president’s aggrieved feelings, rather than objectively considering the evidence and reacting as warranted.

      What do you expect after they've spent four years doing the same thing day in and day out?

    1. ow-SES people,

      I think this evidence is a result of the the main claim of the government not being able to help low income families and students, leading to discrimination from society and fits well into the essay.

    2. e “concentrated disadvantage” of living in low-income communities—whereconditions such as unhealthy air and water, overpopulated living arrangements, a lack of healthyfood, and few play areas are common—contributes to the strugg

      I think this piece of evidence provides a good backing point to the main claim of the essay and plays really well with the analysis and the source being used in this paragraph.

    3. Baker and Johnston examine the evidence that low-incomeschools tend to have “teachers with significantly fewer years at the school and lower levels ofcertification” (195)

      I like this use of a source. The author elaborates on it and this argument came up earlier as well so it ties the essay together nicely.

    4. While this study focused on the divide between high- and low-incomeschools, Gorski elaborates that children from low-income families are more likely to attendlow-income schools in the first place

      I'm not sure what exactly this is talking about. It seems a bit out of place. It seems like it may have been stuck in there as an after thought.

    5. Gorski goes into detailabout the nature of American classism, using common myths about the poor to demonstrate theidea that the poor as a whole have “​monolithic and predictable beliefs, values, and behaviors”(32). He explains that these myths lead to a social system where people in power are reluctant tofix or are ignorant of social institutions (including public education) which perpetuate poverty.Without acknowledging the classism that these stereotypes promote, proposed remedies toeducation inequality will continue to be ineffective, band-aid solutions.

      I think in this paragraph, the author could've incorporated education more into their argument. Here it appears that they're talking about poverty in general and not education specifically.

    6. iter Tori DeAngelis defines

      I like how the author gives some background to the main issue of her work, but I feel like they could have done more explaining on the "government side" of the issue as stated in her essay.

    7. Says US Civil Rights Commission,” National Public Radio writer CoryTurner says the commission found that funding varies too much among different schools,districts, and states, “especially when research shows that students living in poverty often showup to school needing extra help and extra resources.”

      I like how the author uses this source to prove her claim that the US government has not done enough to close the gap between low and high income schools and further explains that the issue is much more complex than just equal funding because of the discrepancy of the resources presented to the two scenarios.

    1. A novel theoretical development in recent years is the analysis of the consequences of stereotyped reasoning or statistical discrimina- tion (see Phelps 1972; Arrow 1973). This analysis suggests that the beliefs of employers, teachers, and other influential groups that minor- ity members are less productive can be self-fulfilling, for these beliefs may cause minorities to underinvest in education, training, and work skills, such as punctuality. The underinvestment does make them less productive (see a good recent analysis by Loury [1992])

      Uses theoretical evidence of others to support his theory.

    1. “Do I remember this bright little face?” he said softly. “Is it known to me of yore?”

      This is suggestive of of the old man's rich experience attending balls. The questions the man asked implies the man's awareness that it is Leila's first ball at this point since he did not see Leila before in any ball he attended.

    1. The films are thus better understood as copies whose originals are often lost or little known” (Dika, 10-11)

      This is a great way the writer used to defend their claim. Just by including evidence that nostalgia in films are just copies whose originals are lost. In fact it's giving justice to the originals because they're reviving the original lost film instead of it being lost forever.

    2. Those who regularly were in a nostalgic state were considered to be unhealthy, as they were ‘stuck’ in the past, ignoring their present lives. (“Anticipatory Nostalgia”, 75).

      I like the way the writer expresses the counter argument using their evidence smoothly providing a nice transition. Then later connects the evidence with nostalgia in films.

    3. Repurposing, however, occurs when filmmakers choose to re-contextualize an actor’s likeness with the goal of completing a project that the performer had never been a part of when he or she was living (“No Longer Themselves?”, 50-51). In most cases, digital resurrection done in the case of film completion is morally permissible, while repurposing a deceased actor is mostly an unethical endeavor.

      Author explains with annotation because directors/producers will disregard moral/ethics if they really want a dead actor/actress to appear in their film

    4. “Digital Heroes in Contemporary Hollywood: Exertion, Identification, and the Virtual Action Body”, the rise of CGI is resulting in the “death” of the live actor, who now is being taken over by the “synthespians” of the modern age (5). This reasoning explains why so many living actors are strongly against the rise of CGI and digital resurrection;

      Explains why CGI,de-aging, and resurrection aren't taken in light by critics or actors, but it does offer a reason to why it is on the rise because there is a sense of demand when it comes to possibly "bringing back" dead actors

    1. There is also another issue that Rogue One presents in its resurrection of Cushing, as touched on by Edwards in an interview with CNN Entertainment: “We spoke to Peter Cushing’s estate and asked them, ‘how do you feel about this?’ and they were okay with it. And then the real challenge became: can you do it?” (2017)

      I really liked this evidence because is from an interview about Peter Cushing.

    2. It is for this reason why digital resurrection in the scenario of film completion is generally accepted positively: it is viewed as a means for an actor to complete his or her final performance, something that could be tragically lost if the film is not finished (“No Longer Themselves?”, 50).

      giving the pros of why digital resurrections is seeing in a positive way by people.

  9. Oct 2020
    1. Gorski warns that the nature of American classism oftencauses ​well-intentioned teachers to stereotype poor students. In “Accuracy and Inaccuracy inTeachers’ Perceptions of Young Children’s Cognitive Abilities,” Columbia University professorsDouglas D. Ready and David L. Wright explain their study of teacher biases, which indicatedthat “students’ skills come to reflect teachers’ initial perceptions” (356).

      I believe the author could've done better here in eliminating the amount of background information on the source in an effort to get to the point. A possible option would've been to state "A study done by Columbia University indicated ... about the accuracy and inaccuracy of teachers' perceptions of young children cognitive abilities." Then proceed with the commentary or further source evidence if needed.

    2. testing does “not significantly [narrow] national andstate level achievement gaps between white students and non-white students or gaps betweenrich and poor students”

      The way that the source is used here in the flow of the essay is a style choice that I believe increases the readability of the piece. Having the quote embedded into the flow of the authors own words instead of making a separate statement that houses the quote not only bodes well for transitions, but decreasing the need for drawn out subclaims.

    1. There is also another issue that Rogue One presents in its resurrection of Cushing, as touched on by Edwards in an interview with CNN Entertainment:

      I like that the author actually hyperlinked this source. It makes it a lot easier to access the quote they used and be able to verify it. This shows very good ethos!

    2. “Your scientists were so preoccupied with whether or not they could, they didn’t stop to think if they should.” – Ian Malcolm, Jurassic Park.

      I like this use of sources. The quote directly ties into the piece but the author makes sure it stands out. He also properly cites the quote.

    1. use of an extended metaphor, using “financial lingo”

      Evidence- the writer points out specific evidence supporting his point that the purpose of the article is to convey the significance of emotionally investing in your children.

    1. participatory production processes are often subsumed under capital interest.

      Social media - participatory/alternative - is being used to further the production of wealth through the exploitation of participants' who become advertising targets. quotes sources who thing the same.

    2. But not only conservatives, also far right groups make use ofparticipatory tools on the internet. One example is the online forum of the National Democratic Party of Germany

      Author supports the alternative theory that alt media may also be alt right.

    3. alternative media as participatory media often also include non-commercial financing

      The author introduces evidence and then criticizes the lack of financing of alt media as exploitative. Without resources, the alternative media extract talent and money from the very people who create it.

    4. Some representatives of the participatory media approach like

      Provides support from other theorists about the dangers of remaining isolated. Unless its about community building on a small geographic scale. There's limited value to being separated and having a small projection to ones voice.

    5. mar-ginalization or abandonment of radical content in order to reach broader audience

      To make it more commercial, alt media covers topics that have a broad appeal and can therefore appeal to economic interests.

    6. confronted with the antagonism between dominative structures and emancipatory goals. It isimpossible to act outside of these structures within a capitalist society.

      Paraphrases Knoche - Capitalist constructs constrain alt media.

    7. alternativemedia should recognize that ‘‘capitalist skills as marketing and promotion can be used to further their political goals”

      Authors sites other author to support their case.

    8. In the 1980s, the Comedia research group criticized approaches that define alternative media as participatory med-ia. According to Comedia, the public marginality of many alternative media projects stems from a lack of professionalorganization structures

      Evidence to support the author's position that access as a participant in the creation of alt media doesn't define what alt media is.

    9. According to them

      Using "alternative media scholars" to support the thesis - illustrating their observations about the characteristics of alternative.



  10. Sep 2020
    1. Hennessy, E. A., Acabchuk, R., Arnold, P. A., Dunn, A. G., Foo, Y. Z., Johnson, B. T., Geange, S. R., Haddaway, N. R., Nakagawa, S., Mapanga, W., Mengersen, K., Page, M. J., Sánchez-Tójar, A., Welch, V., & McGuinness, L. A. (2020). Ensuring Prevention Science Research is Synthesis-Ready for Immediate and Lasting Scientific Impact [Preprint]. MetaArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31222/osf.io/ptg9j