332 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2023
    1. The LibNFT Project: Leveraging Blockchain-Based Digital Asset Technology to Sustainably Preserve Distinctive Collections and Archives

      CNI Fall 2022 Project Briefings

      YouTube recording

      K. Matthew Dames, Edward H. Arnold Dean, Hesburgh Libraries and University of Notre Dame Press, University of Notre Dame, President, Association of Research Libraries

      Meredith Evans, President, Society of American Archivists

      Michael Meth, University Library Dean, San Jose State University

      Nearly 12 months ago, celebrities relentlessly touted cryptocurrency during Super Bowl television ads, urging viewers to buy now instead of missing out. Now, digital currency assets like Bitcoin and Ethereum are worth half what they were this time last year. We believe, however, that the broader public attention on cryptocurrency’s volatility obscures the relevance and applicability of non-fungible tokens (NFTs) within the academy. For example, Ingram has announced plans to invest in Book.io, a company that makes e-books available on the blockchain where they can be sold as NFTs. The famed auction house Christie’s launched Christie’s 3.0, a blockchain auction platform that is dedicated to selling NFT-based art, and Washington University in St. Louis and the University of Wyoming have invested in Strike, a digital payment provider built on Bitcoin’s Lightning Network. Seeking to advance innovation in the academy and to find ways to mitigate the costs of digitizing and digitally preserving distinctive collections and archives, the discussants have formed the LibNFT collaboration. The LibNFT project seeks to work with universities to answer a fundamental question: can blockchain technology generally, and NFTs specifically, facilitate the economically sustainable use, storage, long-term preservation, and accessibility of a library’s special collections and archives? Following up on a January 2022 Twitter Spaces conversation on the role of blockchain in the academy, this session will introduce LibNFT, discuss the project’s early institutional partners, and address the risks academic leaders face by ignoring blockchain, digital assets, and the metaverse.

    1. Depuis plusieurs années, c’est notammentsur le terrain de la communication entrel’administration et l’usager que surgissent,en nombre, les atteintes aux droits. Absencede réponse, délais déraisonnables, difficultéà joindre l’agent responsable du dossier,impossibilité de prendre rendez-vous à unguichet, et, quand on y arrive, de faire aboutirune démarche...
    1. These may occur on rock walls, but were commonly engraved onto robust bones since at least the beginning of the European Upper Palaeolithic and African Late Stone Age, where it is obvious they served as artificial memory systems (AMS) or external memory systems (EMS) to coin the terms used in Palaeolithic archaeology and cognitive science respectively, exosomatic devices in which number sense is clearly evident (for definitions see d’Errico Reference d'Errico1989; Reference d'Errico1995a,Reference d'Erricob; d'Errico & Cacho Reference d'Errico and Cacho1994; d'Errico et al. Reference d'Errico, Doyon and Colage2017; Hayden Reference Hayden2021).

      Abstract marks have appeared on rock walls and engraved into robust bones as artificial memory systems (AMS) and external memory systems (EMS).

    2. We also demonstrate that the <Y> sign, one of the most frequently occurring signs in Palaeolithic non-figurative art, has the meaning <To Give Birth>. The position of the <Y> within a sequence of marks denotes month of parturition, an ordinal representation of number in contrast to the cardinal representation used in tallies.

      parturition<br /> the action of giving birth to young

      <Y> potentially one of the first written "words"

    1. crypto kitties was probably one of the  first nft projects to make it into the spotlight

      Crypto kitties as the first NFT project

      Each kitty image was a token—a "non fungible" token. It was traded as an asset; people bought them expecting them to go up in value. The supply outgrew demand and the market crashed.

  2. Dec 2022
    1. What that amounted to for Einstein, according to a 2006 paper, was a “cosmic religious feeling” that required no “anthropomorphic conception of God.” He explained this view in the New York Times Magazine: “The religious geniuses of all ages have been distinguished by this kind of religious feeling, which knows no dogma and no God conceived in man’s image; so that there can be no church whose central teachings are based on it. Hence it is precisely among the heretics of every age that we find men who were filled with this highest kind of religious feeling and were in many cases regarded by their contemporaries as atheists, sometimes also as saints. Looked at in this light, men like Democritus, Francis of Assisi, and Spinoza are closely akin to one another.”

      !- interpretation of God : cosmic religious feeling without anthropomorphic conception of God" - Einstein, Democritus, Francis of Assisi and Spinoza all had this kind of view when using the word "God"

  3. Nov 2022
    1. https://www.reddit.com/r/antinet/comments/z3f8kb/oblique_strategies_a_custom_zettelkasten_for/

      Brian Eno and Peter Schmidt published a card index of un-numbered and purposefully unordered ideas in 1975 as a tool for increasing creativity. They called it "Oblique Strategies". Each card contained an aphorism for helping one to reframe their approach to problems or questions they faced.

      Black box with cards containing aphorisms to help increase creativity. Photo by V&A Images from the David Bowie Archive.

      Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oblique_Strategies<br /> Canonical site with complete list of versions: http://www.rtqe.net/ObliqueStrategies/OSintro.html

      ZK practitioners might profitably have a subsection in their box with these strategies to help themselves randomly increase their own creativity while working either inside or outside of their boxes. Potentially useful for writing, music, art, etc.

  4. Oct 2022
    1. In the past whenwe attempted to share it, we foundourselves spending more time gettingoutsiders up to speed than on our ownresearch. So I finally had to establishthe policy that we will not provide thesource code outside the group
    1. Kyle McCann has always prided himself in his ability to make the best of any situation. So when his boss fired him from the job he started just eight weeks earlier, McCann held back tears and decided to focus on the bright side. 
  5. Sep 2022
    1. Such schemas cannot easily be refactored without removing the benefits of sharing. Refactoring would require forking a local copy, which for schemas intended to be treated as an opaque validation interface with internal details that may change, eliminates the benefit of referencing a separately maintained schema in the first place.
    1. The discussion here can get very fast-paced. I am trying to periodically pause it to allow new folks, or people who don't have quite as much time, to catch up. Please feel free to comment requesting such a pause if you would like to contribute but are having trouble following it all.

      Why is it necessary to pause Can't new person post their question/comment even if it's in reply to comment #10 and the latest comment happens to be comment #56? There's no rule against replying/discussing something that is not the very latest thing to be posted in a discussion!

      Possibly due to lack of a threaded discussion feature in GitHub? I think so.

      Threads would allow replies to "quick person" A to go under their comment, without flooding the top level with comments... thus alowing "new person" B to post a new comment, which in so doing creates a new thread, which can have its own discussion.

  6. Aug 2022
    1. Another thing I’ll do when I’m King of the World is declare that executable code will always be inseparable from it’s source code. Using a script language solves that, of course, because a script is it’s source. For compiled code a second-best solution is the executable always contain pointers to where the source originated, but since that source may disappear the better solution is for language compilers to simply tack the original source code (and related make files and resources) onto the end of the executable in a way that can be commonly extracted. The law will be known as the “All boots shall contain their own bootstraps” decree.
    1. In getting my books, I have been always solicitous of an ample margin; this not so much through any love of the thing in itself, however agreeable, as for the facility it affords me of penciling suggested thoughts, agreements and differences of opinion, or brief critical comments in general. Where what I have to note is too much to be included within the narrow limits of a margin, I commit it to a slip of paper, and deposit it between the leaves; taking care to secure it by an imperceptible portion of gum tragacanth paste. — Edgar Allen Poe on marginalia

      Poe used the book itself as his "slip box".

  7. Jul 2022
    1. readable

      Readable how? I think the better approach over what we do now, where we run source code through what are essentially compilers for making websites and then treat the output similar to object files—i.e. opaque blobs that are unsuitable for anything other than either (a) executing/experiencing, or (b) publishing to others—would be to pursue non-destructive compilation. So after the Markdown is compiled (if there is any compilation step at all), you don't have to keep the original sources around. The tooling should be sufficiently advanced to work with the publishable form as input, too, and not demand only Markdown. In instances where the Markdown files are kept around because the spartan experience of opening a plain text file where the content is almost entirely unadorned by formatting concerns is the preferred way to get things done, the tooling should be able to derive the original Markdown (or a good enough rendition) from the output itself. HTML is rich enough to be able to encode the necessary structure for this on the first Markdown-to-HTML pass. Systems that implement this kind of thing could be said to support a sort of "reversible Markdown", making the publishable form a suitable source of truth—a treatment that is right now reserved only for the originals that are collected and kept off-site.

      Make the writing and editing experience more like Word or Google Docs and less like LaTeX.

    1. While we are in the process of updating our Minecraft Usage Guidelines to offer more precise guidance on new technologies, we wanted to take the opportunity to share our view that integrations of NFTs with Minecraft are generally not something we will support or allow. Let’s have a closer look!

      Above-the-fold statement on NFTs in Minecraft

    1. Both types of inauthentic existence involve running away from the awareness of death, not allowing the fact of death to penetrate into consciousness, not facing up to the human situation, and not undergoing the crucial moral catharsis. So Kierkegaard, Becker, and Socrates all agree: the denial of death is indeed at the center of human inauthenticity. Kierkegaard and Socrates would further insist that authentic human living–the open embrace of life structured by death–can only be rejected or embraced to begin with, because perishing meaning and non-perishing meaning co-constitute conscious existence.

      Here we find Kierkegaard, Becker and Socrates all in agreement. Both types of inauthentic existence involves running away from death and disallowing the fact of our own death from penetrating into consciousness, and avoiding our human existential condition.

      This also prevents us from reaching the next stage of moral catharsis. Denial of death lay at the center of human inauthenticity.

      Hughes closes by saying that an open embrace of life structured by death is embraced when perishing and non-perishing meaning co-constitute our conscious existence. This is similar to the Buddhist principle of the middle way and the Stop Reset Go maxim:

      To be or not to be, that is the question To be AND not to be that is the answer

  8. Jun 2022
  9. May 2022
    1. over the past decade and change a dynamic ecosystem has developed around cryptocurrencies and blockchains. And it’s constantly getting more complicated. We’ve now got non-fungible tokens, or NFTs, unique digital bits purchased with crypto that have mostly been associated with weird pieces of digital art and are an arena that looks very much like a bubble. There are stablecoins, cryptocurrencies that are supposed to be less volatile, pegged to something like the US dollar. There’s also the burgeoning world of decentralized finance, or DeFi, which tries to replicate a lot of the financial system but without intermediaries, and there are decentralized autonomous organizations, or DAOs, essentially internet collectives. Now, much of this is falling under the still-nascent umbrella of Web3, a relatively fuzzy reimagining of the internet on blockchains.

      Putting it all together.

    1. in an ideal LP system, the (or at least a) source format would just simply be valid files in the target language, with any LP-related markup or whatever in the comments. The reason is so that LP programs can get contributions from "mainstream" programmers. (It's ok if the LP users have an alternative format they can write in, as long as edits to the source file can be incorporated back.)

      (NB: the compilation "object" format here would, much like triple scripts, be another form of human readable source.)

    1. Why should the reader have to read every citation or trust that an author is not taking a citation out of context, when hyperlinks are available?

      How do hyperlinks neutralize the ability for people to take things out of context? I see it all the time. The backchannels of Wikipedia are rife with it.

    1. Individuals who harbor germline pathogenic variants in DICER1 (MIM #601200) have an increased risk for a variety of benign and malignant tumors.

      Gene name: DICER1 PMID: 31952842 HGNCID: none found Inheritance pattern: autosomal dominant Disease entity: cervical embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and ovarian sex-cord stromal tumors Mutation: Germline Zygosity: heterozygous Variant: none found Family info: personal or family history of ovarian sex-cord stromal tumor Case: 64 females aged 2 to 72 years; non-Hispanic white families CasePresentingHPOs: benign/malignant tumors CasePreviousTesting: physical examination, hormone testing, pelvic ultrasound gnomAD: N/A mutation type: germline pathogenic variation

  10. Apr 2022
    1. connection, contact and sense of reality, and immediate social presence are strong influences as well as the sense of community (Melrose & Bergeron, 2006; Rettie, 2003, Sallnäs, 2004).

  11. Mar 2022
    1. Article L223-1-3Création LOI n°2022-140 du 7 février 2022 - art. 17Le mineur peut désigner une personne de confiance majeure, qui peut être un parent ou toute autre personne de son choix. La désignation de cette personne de confiance est effectuée en concertation avec l'éducateur référent du mineur. Les modalités de cette désignation sont définies par décret. Si le mineur le souhaite, la personne de confiance l'accompagne dans ses démarches, notamment en vue de préparer son autonomie, et assiste à l'entretien prévu à l'article L. 222-5-1.
    1. I used to maintain a small patch set of issues that affected me and were fixed on the GNOME bugzilla but ignored by main devs. This is was a motivating factor in my switch to to Unity years ago. Sad to hear this situation hasn't improved.
    2. I don't want to agree with you, but I tried to make a few polishing contributions to GNOME games and they got ignored after the first developer response (they told me what to fix, I fixed it). They've been stagnant for over 3 years now.
    3. Submitting changes and having them accepted by GNOME is an exercise in futility if you aren't a GNOME dev.
    1. L’autisme est un trouble neuro-développemental caractérisé par des anomalies dans l’interaction sociale, dans la communication et dans le comportement (activités répétitives et stéréotypées). Ces anomalies causent, pour la personne atteinte d’autisme, de grandes difficultés cognitives : d’attention, d’apprentissage, de mémorisation et  de décodification de l’information.

      L’autisme est un trouble neuro-développemental caractérisé par des anomalies ==>problème de définition du champ dans l’interaction sociale, dans la communication et dans le comportement (activités répétitives et stéréotypées). Ces anomalies causent, pour la personne atteinte d’autisme, de grandes difficultés cognitives ==>elles ne sont pas conséquence des interactions sociales ni des stéréotypies mais liées au développent du cerveau

      Qu’est-ce que le trouble du spectre de l’autisme : Jadhav, M., & Schaepper, M. A. (2021, août). What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? American Psychiatric Association. Consulté le 11 mars 2022, à l’adresse https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/autism/what-is-autism-spectrum-disorderDiagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders : signs and symptoms on Social communication & Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors

  12. Feb 2022
    1. Jef is my official legal name, it's not a nickname.

      This response is pretty evasive. It's true, but (a) Raskin's name was changed from his original birthname, and (b) it doesn't answer the question that was asked. (It's a response to a question/statement that wasn't asked.)

  13. Jan 2022
  14. Dec 2021
    1. most people trained in our subjects are aware of is the 00:28:22 phenomenon of slavery among non farming populations and actually the classic example is precisely that of the the indigenous societies of the Northwest Coast who are known to have kept slaves 00:28:36 who were actually hereditary slaves in their households which were organized on these highly stratified aristocratic sort of lines what nobody seems to have 00:28:48 been interested up to now is why this practice of keeping slaves seems to sort of fizzle out and stop as you head south into what is now broadly speaking the 00:29:00 area of coastal California

      How many non-agricultural societies practiced slavery?

      Apparently some indigenous societies on the American Northwest Coast did down into coastal California.

  15. Nov 2021
    1. Having actual functions here is a non-goal. This package is for types only, meaning nothing ends up compiled into actual JS code.
  16. Oct 2021
    1. Another option is the use the functional library Ramda, while the syntax may be a bit different from the Ruby and Pure JS version, I find it to be more declarive: list = [null, "say", "kenglish", "co", null] R.reject(R.isNil, list) // return new array [ 'say', 'kenglish', 'co' ]
    1. DAOstack imagines thousands of organizations and applications utilizing the stack in the near future. And the intention is not just to serve each use case individually. It’s easy to imagine how, with a scalable solution for decentralized governance in place, decision-making can become more frictionless not only within collectives but also between collectives.Indeed, this is the broader vision of DAOstack. The platform is designed to underpin an entire ecosystem of decentralized organizations — a community of interoperable DAOs, able to share talent, ideas, and learnings with one another. DAOs will even be able to act as members of other DAOs, creating a fluid “DAO mesh” or “internet of work” in which collectives of collectives are commonplace, and in which any given individual might participate in dozens of different DAOs.

      This is an idealof stigmergic collaboration, to move away from azero sum game and towards a positive sum game.

    2. Imagine tens or hundreds of millions of people participating in this kind of collaborative economy — one in which no one wields a disproportionate amount of power, all are rewarded in proportion to the value they contribute, and everyone is incentivized to act in alignment with the common good.

      The aim of stigmergic collaboration.

    1. B · D e s d i f f i c u lt é s r é c u r r e n t e s d e s c o l a r i s at i o n : d e s s a i s i n e s d u D é f e n s e u r d e s d r o i t s t r o p p e u n o m b r e u s e s Lors des consultations et des échanges avec les « Gens du voyage » et les associations les représentant, la Défenseure des droits a pu constater les difficultés rencontrées quant à la scolarisation des enfants « du voyage » et à sa continuité. Le Défenseur des droits est parfois saisi de refus d’inscription scolaire, ou d’interruption de scolarisation, par des maires et services de municipalités, d’enfants « du voyage » ou de familles itinérantes installées dans des aires d’accueil ou de grands passages63, ou sur des terrains « occupés illégalement »
    2. 1 · D e s r e c o u r s t r o p p e u n o m b r e u x Le « non-recours » est un enjeu majeur de la lutte contre les discriminations pour les « Gens du voyage ».
    1. Businesses established and launched in the market without a technical base are called non-tech startups. This also means that the internal resources of the startup are not equipped with the technical knowledge. They often hire external help.
  17. Sep 2021
    1. Note: This paper is based on a keynote paper delivered by the authors at the WILUconference held in Guelph, Canada, in May 2005 (http://dis.shef.ac.uk/literacy/adelaide-webber-johnston.pdf)

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  18. Aug 2021
    1. I have a rule that I won't allow Capybara to be monkey-patched in Poltergeist. This gives some indication to users about whether something is non-standard. So basically all non-standard stuff must be on page.driver rather than page (or a node).
    2. What seems more problematic is divergence between drivers. For example, capybara-webkit and poltergeist support several of the same things. Let's take resizing the window as an example. In capybara-webkit this is page.driver.resize_window(x, y) and in poltergeist it's page.driver.resize(x, y). This means that if a user wants to switch from one to the other they have to change their code. Now I don't know if selenium does or doesn't support resizing the window, but supposing it doesn't I think there's still a lot of value in the capybara project deciding what the blessed API is, because then all the drivers that support that feature can implement it using the same API, increasing portability.
  19. Jul 2021
    1. This is one of the more-satisfying ruby expressions I've seen in a long time. I can't say that it also has prosaic transparency, but I think seeing it teaches important things.
    2. x = -3 "++-"[x <=> 0] # => "-" x = 0 "++-"[x <=> 0] # => "+" x = 3 "++-"[x <=> 0] # => "+"
  20. Jun 2021
    1. History of Computer Aided Language Learning Infographic by E-learning Infographics is included on the basis of fair use as described in the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Open Education 

      Attributions for non original content can be handled many ways - due to the brevity and simulated nature of this example, I managed them this way. But as in the original OER, a full attributions page would eventually become necessary for clean attribution and decluttered document layout.

    2. Consider the following infographic

      This would have been selected with SME. I wanted to demonstrate multiple means of representation and use an insert to demonstrate use of Code of Best Practices for Fair Use in OER.

    1. Chapter 4 Revision by Colleen Sanders is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

      This is where I would work out, with instructor, what license this revision should bear. I opted for CC BY for now, but that could change depending up on whether the instructor wanted to move into remixing more copyrighted/openly licensed content.

    2. Reference List

      I culled the in-text citations to create a structured reference list, then placed it with the conclusions. Students are one click away from the extensively cited works while reading.

    3. Attribution

      Providing attribution for source material

    1. References

      Full list of sources cited in this chapter. In real life, these would all be properly formatted citations with links to articles.

    1. CMC gives language learners access to more knowledgeable individuals, either native speakers of the target language or more advanced nonnative speakers, than they might be able to encounter in a face-to-face environment, thus increasing their potential ability to learn. Indeed, in some environments, CMC provides the only possibility for access to NSs. (p. 12)

      Indented and italicized to offset the quote for navigability and readability.

    1. In general, top-level errors should only be used for exceptional circumstances when a developer should be made aware that the system had some kind of problem. For example, the GraphQL specification says that when a non-null field returns nil, an error should be added to the "errors" key. This kind of error is not recoverable by the client. Instead, something on the server should be fixed to handle this case. When you want to notify a client some kind of recoverable issue, consider making error messages part of the schema, for example, as in mutation errors.
    1. With GraphQL-Ruby, it’s possible to hide parts of your schema from some users. This isn’t exactly part of the GraphQL spec, but it’s roughly within the bounds of the spec.
    1. Because ISO code lists were not always free and because they change over time, a key idea was to create a permanent, stable registry for all of the subtags valid in a language tag.

      Why was it not free???

    1. KV is used in 8 of the overlay locales at the moment (CS, DE, HI, JA, PL, PT, SK, and CN). I don't agree with this and believe that Carmen should only reflect country codes that are part of the actual ISO standard.
  21. May 2021
  22. Apr 2021
    1. The main difference is in the flow of how messages are ultimately sent to devices for output. The standard library Logger logic converts the log entries to strings and then sends the string to the device to be written to a stream. Lumberjack, on the other hand, sends structured data in the form of a Lumberjack::LogEntry to the device and lets the device worry about how to format it. The reason for this flip is to better support structured data logging. Devices (even ones that write to streams) can format the entire payload including non-string objects and tags however they need to.
    1. What will you do if your country would be under attack by bandits? You will surely transform into a super robot , isn't it?
    1. We are are continuing our commitment to creating our games that are free and widely accessible anyone that is curious by making our game files available under Creative Commons license BY–NC–SA 4.0. That means we will continue offering a full, free print-and-play kit for Pax Pamir, and later this campaign, John Company! Anyone can use, remix, and share the game, so long as they do not use it for commercial purposes. 
    1. Going through different search systems brings us some fruits in the form of indistinct mumbling about the untimely closed I/O data streams, TTYs and PTYs (pseudoterminals) and all the rest of it.
    2. Apart from some dodgy English (‘let’s don’t’ for example)
    3. Pretty good writing for what seems evident to be a non-native speaker of English

  23. Mar 2021
    1. CONSEQUENCES JURIDIQUES DU DEFAUT D’ACCUSE DE RECEPTION. Article L112-6 CRPASi l’administration n’accuse pas réception de la demande, ou le fait demanière incorrecte (mentions incomplètes ou erronées), les délais derecours ne sont pas opposables à l’auteur de la demande.L’usager pourra donc contester votre décision implicite à tout momentdevant la juridiction administrative.Il est donc important pour la sécurité juridique de vos décisions, derespecter les règles tant sur la forme que sur le fond.
    1. As to opinions about the shortcomings of the language itself, or the standard run-times, it’s important to realize that every developer has a different background, different experience, different needs, temperament, values, and a slew of other cultural motivations and concerns — individual opinions will always be largely personal and, to some degree, non-technical in nature.