286 Matching Annotations
  1. Last 7 days
  2. Jan 2022
  3. Dec 2021
    1. most people trained in our subjects are aware of is the 00:28:22 phenomenon of slavery among non farming populations and actually the classic example is precisely that of the the indigenous societies of the Northwest Coast who are known to have kept slaves 00:28:36 who were actually hereditary slaves in their households which were organized on these highly stratified aristocratic sort of lines what nobody seems to have 00:28:48 been interested up to now is why this practice of keeping slaves seems to sort of fizzle out and stop as you head south into what is now broadly speaking the 00:29:00 area of coastal California

      How many non-agricultural societies practiced slavery?

      Apparently some indigenous societies on the American Northwest Coast did down into coastal California.

  4. Nov 2021
    1. Having actual functions here is a non-goal. This package is for types only, meaning nothing ends up compiled into actual JS code.
  5. Oct 2021
    1. Another option is the use the functional library Ramda, while the syntax may be a bit different from the Ruby and Pure JS version, I find it to be more declarive: list = [null, "say", "kenglish", "co", null] R.reject(R.isNil, list) // return new array [ 'say', 'kenglish', 'co' ]
    1. DAOstack imagines thousands of organizations and applications utilizing the stack in the near future. And the intention is not just to serve each use case individually. It’s easy to imagine how, with a scalable solution for decentralized governance in place, decision-making can become more frictionless not only within collectives but also between collectives.Indeed, this is the broader vision of DAOstack. The platform is designed to underpin an entire ecosystem of decentralized organizations — a community of interoperable DAOs, able to share talent, ideas, and learnings with one another. DAOs will even be able to act as members of other DAOs, creating a fluid “DAO mesh” or “internet of work” in which collectives of collectives are commonplace, and in which any given individual might participate in dozens of different DAOs.

      This is an idealof stigmergic collaboration, to move away from azero sum game and towards a positive sum game.

    2. Imagine tens or hundreds of millions of people participating in this kind of collaborative economy — one in which no one wields a disproportionate amount of power, all are rewarded in proportion to the value they contribute, and everyone is incentivized to act in alignment with the common good.

      The aim of stigmergic collaboration.

    1. B · D e s d i f f i c u lt é s r é c u r r e n t e s d e s c o l a r i s at i o n : d e s s a i s i n e s d u D é f e n s e u r d e s d r o i t s t r o p p e u n o m b r e u s e s Lors des consultations et des échanges avec les « Gens du voyage » et les associations les représentant, la Défenseure des droits a pu constater les difficultés rencontrées quant à la scolarisation des enfants « du voyage » et à sa continuité. Le Défenseur des droits est parfois saisi de refus d’inscription scolaire, ou d’interruption de scolarisation, par des maires et services de municipalités, d’enfants « du voyage » ou de familles itinérantes installées dans des aires d’accueil ou de grands passages63, ou sur des terrains « occupés illégalement »
    2. 1 · D e s r e c o u r s t r o p p e u n o m b r e u x Le « non-recours » est un enjeu majeur de la lutte contre les discriminations pour les « Gens du voyage ».
    1. Businesses established and launched in the market without a technical base are called non-tech startups. This also means that the internal resources of the startup are not equipped with the technical knowledge. They often hire external help.
  6. Sep 2021
    1. Note: This paper is based on a keynote paper delivered by the authors at the WILUconference held in Guelph, Canada, in May 2005 (http://dis.shef.ac.uk/literacy/adelaide-webber-johnston.pdf)

    Tags

    Annotators

  7. Aug 2021
    1. I have a rule that I won't allow Capybara to be monkey-patched in Poltergeist. This gives some indication to users about whether something is non-standard. So basically all non-standard stuff must be on page.driver rather than page (or a node).
    2. What seems more problematic is divergence between drivers. For example, capybara-webkit and poltergeist support several of the same things. Let's take resizing the window as an example. In capybara-webkit this is page.driver.resize_window(x, y) and in poltergeist it's page.driver.resize(x, y). This means that if a user wants to switch from one to the other they have to change their code. Now I don't know if selenium does or doesn't support resizing the window, but supposing it doesn't I think there's still a lot of value in the capybara project deciding what the blessed API is, because then all the drivers that support that feature can implement it using the same API, increasing portability.
  8. Jul 2021
    1. This is one of the more-satisfying ruby expressions I've seen in a long time. I can't say that it also has prosaic transparency, but I think seeing it teaches important things.
    2. x = -3 "++-"[x <=> 0] # => "-" x = 0 "++-"[x <=> 0] # => "+" x = 3 "++-"[x <=> 0] # => "+"
  9. Jun 2021
    1. History of Computer Aided Language Learning Infographic by E-learning Infographics is included on the basis of fair use as described in the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Open Education 

      Attributions for non original content can be handled many ways - due to the brevity and simulated nature of this example, I managed them this way. But as in the original OER, a full attributions page would eventually become necessary for clean attribution and decluttered document layout.

    2. Consider the following infographic

      This would have been selected with SME. I wanted to demonstrate multiple means of representation and use an insert to demonstrate use of Code of Best Practices for Fair Use in OER.

    1. Chapter 4 Revision by Colleen Sanders is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

      This is where I would work out, with instructor, what license this revision should bear. I opted for CC BY for now, but that could change depending up on whether the instructor wanted to move into remixing more copyrighted/openly licensed content.

    2. Reference List

      I culled the in-text citations to create a structured reference list, then placed it with the conclusions. Students are one click away from the extensively cited works while reading.

    3. Attribution

      Providing attribution for source material

    1. References

      Full list of sources cited in this chapter. In real life, these would all be properly formatted citations with links to articles.

    1. CMC gives language learners access to more knowledgeable individuals, either native speakers of the target language or more advanced nonnative speakers, than they might be able to encounter in a face-to-face environment, thus increasing their potential ability to learn. Indeed, in some environments, CMC provides the only possibility for access to NSs. (p. 12)

      Indented and italicized to offset the quote for navigability and readability.

    1. In general, top-level errors should only be used for exceptional circumstances when a developer should be made aware that the system had some kind of problem. For example, the GraphQL specification says that when a non-null field returns nil, an error should be added to the "errors" key. This kind of error is not recoverable by the client. Instead, something on the server should be fixed to handle this case. When you want to notify a client some kind of recoverable issue, consider making error messages part of the schema, for example, as in mutation errors.
    1. With GraphQL-Ruby, it’s possible to hide parts of your schema from some users. This isn’t exactly part of the GraphQL spec, but it’s roughly within the bounds of the spec.
    1. Because ISO code lists were not always free and because they change over time, a key idea was to create a permanent, stable registry for all of the subtags valid in a language tag.

      Why was it not free???

    1. KV is used in 8 of the overlay locales at the moment (CS, DE, HI, JA, PL, PT, SK, and CN). I don't agree with this and believe that Carmen should only reflect country codes that are part of the actual ISO standard.
  10. May 2021
  11. Apr 2021
    1. The main difference is in the flow of how messages are ultimately sent to devices for output. The standard library Logger logic converts the log entries to strings and then sends the string to the device to be written to a stream. Lumberjack, on the other hand, sends structured data in the form of a Lumberjack::LogEntry to the device and lets the device worry about how to format it. The reason for this flip is to better support structured data logging. Devices (even ones that write to streams) can format the entire payload including non-string objects and tags however they need to.
    1. What will you do if your country would be under attack by bandits? You will surely transform into a super robot , isn't it?
    1. We are are continuing our commitment to creating our games that are free and widely accessible anyone that is curious by making our game files available under Creative Commons license BY–NC–SA 4.0. That means we will continue offering a full, free print-and-play kit for Pax Pamir, and later this campaign, John Company! Anyone can use, remix, and share the game, so long as they do not use it for commercial purposes. 
    1. Going through different search systems brings us some fruits in the form of indistinct mumbling about the untimely closed I/O data streams, TTYs and PTYs (pseudoterminals) and all the rest of it.
    2. Apart from some dodgy English (‘let’s don’t’ for example)
    3. Pretty good writing for what seems evident to be a non-native speaker of English

  12. Mar 2021
    1. CONSEQUENCES JURIDIQUES DU DEFAUT D’ACCUSE DE RECEPTION. Article L112-6 CRPASi l’administration n’accuse pas réception de la demande, ou le fait demanière incorrecte (mentions incomplètes ou erronées), les délais derecours ne sont pas opposables à l’auteur de la demande.L’usager pourra donc contester votre décision implicite à tout momentdevant la juridiction administrative.Il est donc important pour la sécurité juridique de vos décisions, derespecter les règles tant sur la forme que sur le fond.
    1. You may communicate more than a binary outcome of an activity. For instance, a controller endpoint activity could have end events for success and failure, but also for “not authorized”, or “validation failed”. You’re not limited to a binary setup here.
  13. Feb 2021
    1. A nested activity doesn’t have to have two ends, only.
    2. Adding ends to an activity is a beautiful way to communicate more than two outcomes to the outer world without having to use a state field in the ctx. It also allows wiring those outcomes to different tracks in the container activity.
    1. Good intentions, but I doubt there's any relation of the origin of the terms blacklist/whitelist to race. There are many idioms and phrases in the English language that make use of colours without any racial backstories. I haven't met any black person (myself included) who was ever offended by the use of "blacklist".
    1. What is the opposite of free content?

      The opposite of free/open-source software is proprietary software or non-free software (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proprietary_software).

      So should we call the opposite of free content "non-free content"? Or "proprietary content"?

      Seems likes either would be fine.

      Looks like https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Non-free_content prefers the term "non-free content".

      Couldn't find anyone contrasting these 2 terms (like I could no doubt find for software):

      Not to be confused with:

      • paid content ... just like:
      • free content should not be confused with gratis content (?)
      • free software should not be confused with freeware
    1. What this means is: I better refrain from writing a new book and we rather focus on more and better docs.

      I'm glad. I didn't like that the book (which is essentially a form of documentation/tutorial) was proprietary.

      I think it's better to make documentation and tutorials be community-driven free content

    2. Using a terminus to indicate a certain outcome - in turn - allows for much stronger interfaces across nested activities and less guessing! For example, in the new endpoint gem, the not_found terminus is then wired to a special “404 track” that handles the case of “model not found”. The beautiful thing here is: there is no guessing by inspecting ctx[:model] or the like - the not_found end has only one meaning!
    3. A major improvement here is the ability to maintain more than two explicit termini. In 2.0, you had the success and the failure termini (or “ends” as we used to call them). Now, additional ends such as not_found can be leveraged to communicate a non-binary outcome of your activity or operation.
    1. Programming to an interface means that when you are presented with some programming interface (be it a class library, a set of functions, a network protocol or anything else) that you keep to using only things guaranteed by the interface. You may have knowledge about the underlying implementation (you may have written it), but you should not ever use that knowledge.
  14. parsejournal.com parsejournal.com
    1. non-representationalist understanding of thinking as proposed by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in their What is Philosophy? (1994). Point of connection is the notion of mise en scène
    1. provide information for the following call type ONLY: New Enrollment Card Not Received
    2. you may proceed with standard verification
    3. If the full SSN provides an account
    4. the caller is a Conduent CH and the Conduent Calls call type should be used for the remainder of the call
    5. If the full SSN does not populate an account
    6. refer to the New Enrollment Card Not Received call type in the DCFC
    7. advise the CH they will need to be routed back to the IVR to complete verification of their PIN before we can proceed with the call
    8. Mr./Mrs. Cardholder, please note that we’ll not be able to assist you if you have not entered your card information using the right prompts in our Automated Telephone System/IVR. Therefore, I am going to have to transfer you to the Automated Telephone System so you can enter your card information using the relevant prompts and, if needed, press the right option to talk to one of our customer service representatives.
    9. select IVR State and Card Verification
    10. select the transfer option in Intello
    11. do not put the caller on hold
    12. I apologize for any inconvenience this may cause you; however, your PIN must be verified in the automated system before I am able to share account specific information for your security.
    13. If the cardholder refuses to be transferred to the IVR
    14. you have confirmed the card is Active
    15. If Yes
    16. If No
    17. Ask the cardholder if they have received their Direct Express Card
  15. Jan 2021
    1. I’m not a dev either, so no Ubuntu fork, but I will perhaps be forced to look at Debian testing, without some advantages of Ubuntu - but now that Unity is gone (and I deeply regret it), gap would not be so huge anymore…
  16. Dec 2020
    1. Is motivated partisan cognition bipartisan?The extent to which each side exhibits motivated partisan (or biased) cognition is a focus of ongoing debate. Some scholars argue for symmetry (SM). For example, a recent meta-analysis demonstrates equivalent levels of motivated partisan cognition across 51 experiments investigating the tenden cy to evaluate otherwise identical in-formation more favorably when it supports versus challenges one’s political beliefs or allegiances (14). In an illu strative experiment, liberals and conservatives viewed a film clip of a political demonstration in which protestors clashed with police. Despite view-ing the identical clip, liberals rated the protesters as more violent when they believed it was an anti-abortion protest (a conservative cause) rather than a gay-rights protest (a liberal cause), whereas conservatives exhibited the opposite pattern (SM). Other scholars argue for asymmetry. For example, some evidence suggests that, relative to Democrats, Republicans have a higher need for order and greater trust in their gut-level intuitions. Such tendencies appear to motivate them to favor explana-tions that are straightforward and intuitive rather than complex and abstract, even when the latter types of explanation might be more accurate (15) (SM). Such findings are representative of the existing evidence, but conclusions remain tentative.

      This is classic material to add to that which i dug up in 2016 about non-attachment to views.

    1. 2 - La règle « non bis in idem »Aucun élève ne peut faire l'objet de plusieurs sanctions au sein de l'établissement à raison des mêmes faits. Pour autant, cette règle ne fait pas obstacle à la prise en compte de faits antérieurs pour apprécier le degré de la sanction qui doit être infligée en cas de nouvelle faute, en particulier en cas de harcèlement.
    1. C) ) ) ) La règle du «La règle du «La règle du «La règle du « non bis in idemnon bis in idemnon bis in idemnon bis in idem »»»» (pas de double sanction)(pas de double sanction)(pas de double sanction)(pas de double sanction) Il est impossible de sanctionner un élève deux fois pour le ou les même(s) fait(s). Pour autant, cette règle ne fait pas obstacle à la prise en compte de faits antérieurs pour apprécier le degré de la sanction qui doit être infligée en cas de nouvelle faute, plus particulièrement en cas de harcèlement
  17. www.education.gouv.fr www.education.gouv.fr