298 Matching Annotations
  1. Jan 2021
  2. Dec 2020
    1. Types of Structure Outliners take advantage of what may be the most primitive of relationships, probably the first one you learned as an infant: in. Things can be in or contained by other things; alternatively, things can be superior to other things in a pecking order. Whatever the cognitive mechanics, trees/hierarchies are a preferred way of structuring things. But it is not the only way. Computer users also encounter: links, relationships, attributes, spatial/tabular arrangements, and metaphoric content. Links are what we know from the Web, but they can be so much more. The simplest ones are a sort of ad hoc spaghetti connecting pieces of text to text containers (like Web pages), but we will see many interesting kinds that have names, programs attached, and even work two-way. Relationships are what databases do, most easily imagined as “is-a” statements which are simple types of rules: Ted is a supervisor, supervisors are employees, all employees have employee numbers. Attributes are adjectives or tags that help characterize or locate things. Finder labels and playlists are good examples of these. Spatial/tabular arrangements are obvious: the very existence of the personal computer sprang from the power of the spreadsheet. Metaphors are a complex and powerful technique of inheriting structure from something familiar. The Mac desktop is a good example. Photoshop is another, where all the common tools had a darkroom tool or technique as their predecessor.

      Structuring Information

      Ted Goranson holds that there are only a couple of ways to structure information.

      In — Possibly the most primitive of relationships. Things can be in other things and things can be superior to other things.

      Links —Links are what we know from the web, but these types of links or only one implementation. There are others, like bi-directional linking.

      Relationships — This is what we typically use databases for and is most easily conceived as "is-a" statements.

      Attributes — Adjectives or tags that help characterize or locate things.

      Metaphors — A technique for inheriting structure from something familiar.

  3. Nov 2020
    1. example of poor target accessibility, manifested by the significant number of mid-level amplitude droplets (that is, rain), which is resolved by performing a restriction digestion on the DNA before ddPCR
  4. Oct 2020
    1. The results of a DEXA scan are most often reported as T-scores. A T-score compares a person’s bone density to the average peak bone density of a healthy 30-year-old population of the same gender. A T-score of −1.0 or above indicates normal bone density. A person with a T-score between −1.0 and −2.5 has low bone density, which is a condition referred to as osteopenia. A person with a T-score of −2.5 or below is diagnosed with osteoporosis.

      T score levels for bone density.

    1. La distinction entre les mondes marchand et non marchand sépare moins deux populations différentes qu’elle ne traverse chaque internaute publiant en quête de réputation et de visibilité. Beaucoup d’entre eux ne cessent de calculer, cherchent à se faire voir et sont en compétition pour obtenir une place de choix dans les résultats « organiques » du moteur de recherche. Et pour cela, ils vont entreprendre de déformer à leur profit la structure des liens de la Toile, afin de capturer un surcroît de l’autorité dispensée par le PageRank.

      Non seulement ça, mais l'Internet encourage de plus en plus la culture du hustling, qui encourage chacun (en particulier les millénaux qui peinent à joindre les deux bouts) à tenter de capitaliser sur le moindre de ses talents.

    2. Car la condition essentielle de son fonctionnement est que les internautes n’aient pas agi en fonction du PageRank, mais que leur choix de liens distribue de façon « naturelle » les honneurs et les oublis. Si les jugements qu’ils s’échangent à travers les liens ont été produits en fonction du méta-coordinateur qui les agrège, la pertinence épistémique du résultat en sera profondément altérée.

      Un peu de la même manière que l'observateur d'une population influence toujours les observations anthropologique, ou que les études cliniques peuvent être biaisées si les participants connaissent à l'avance l'hypothèse exacte que les chercheurs veulent vérifier.

    3. PageRank est un champion de la démocratie […] : tout lien pointant de la page A à la page B est considéré comme un vote de la page A en faveur de la page B.

      D'où la pertinence de sites comme donotlink.com (aujourd'hui désuet) et la propriété rel="nofollow" sur les hyperliens. Article de blog intéressant à ce sujet: https://skeptools.wordpress.com/2015/02/16/nofollow-donotlink-best-practice-skeptic/

    1. In the third step of bone remodeling, the site is prepared for building. In this stage, sugars and proteins accumulate along the bone’s surface, forming a cement line which acts to form a strong bond between the old bone and the new bone that will be made. These first three steps take approximately two to three weeks to complete.

      Bone remodeling process.

    2. In adulthood, our bones stop growing and modeling, but continue to go through a process of bone remodeling.

      I would challenge that fact.

    3. Bone tissue cells include osteoprogenitor cells, osteoblasts, osteoclasts, and osteocytes. The osteoprogenitor cells are cells that have not matured yet. Once they are stimulated, some will become osteoblasts, the bone builders, and others will become osteoclasts, the cells that break bone down. Osteocytes are the most abundant cells in bone tissue. Osteocytes are star-shaped cells that are connected throughout the bone and exchange nutrients from bones to the blood and lymph.

      The Asteo Class of Bone Tissue

    4. Your bones are stronger than reinforced concrete. Bone tissue is a composite of fibrous collagen strands that resemble the steel rebar in concrete and a hardened mineralized matrix that contains large amounts of calcium, just like concrete.

      What Is Bone?

    1. Doctoral programs are often highly unstructured learning and training environments, where individual autonomy and freedom are highly valued. Decisions as to what counts as a good idea, a worthwhile project, or adequate progress are often left to the discretion of professors, and criteria for success can be opaque for students. This is even more so for those who are not already “in the know.”
    1. in E

      An example to reinforce the statement made in the previous paragraph

    2. 2-3). This article proposes to take up where Frank furt left off and to address the question of bullshit in a way that is especially pertinent to academics, even more pertinent to people in the humanities and social sciences, and most pertinent of all to those who specialize in rhetoric and writin


    3. Philip Eubanks and John D. Schaeffe


    1. I call it the detective-fever; and I first caught it in the company of Sergeant Cuff

      For some reason this little section is so funny to me. It almost reads like a Buddy Comedy or something. I also think that it's sort of supposed to feel like a bit like things are starting to come full circle as we get near to the end of the story. The same setting is back, the same jokes are back, we're back with Betteredge and encouraged to feel comforted by that through Franklin's narrative.

  5. Sep 2020
  6. Aug 2020
    1. Walls, A. C., Fiala, B., Schäfer, A., Wrenn, S., Pham, M. N., Murphy, M., Tse, L. V., Shehata, L., O’Connor, M. A., Chen, C., Navarro, M. J., Miranda, M. C., Pettie, D., Ravichandran, R., Kraft, J. C., Ogohara, C., Palser, A., Chalk, S., Lee, E.-C., … King, N. P. (2020). Elicitation of potent neutralizing antibody responses by designed protein nanoparticle vaccines for SARS-CoV-2. BioRxiv, 2020.08.11.247395. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.08.11.247395

    1. Kreye, J., Reincke, S. M., Kornau, H.-C., Sánchez-Sendin, E., Corman, V. M., Liu, H., Yuan, M., Wu, N. C., Zhu, X., Lee, C.-C. D., Trimpert, J., Höltje, M., Dietert, K., Stöffler, L., Wardenburg, N. von, Hoof, S. van, Homeyer, M. A., Hoffmann, J., Abdelgawad, A., … Prüss, H. (2020). A SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody protects from lung pathology in a COVID-19 hamster model. BioRxiv, 2020.08.15.252320. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.08.15.252320

    1. Hsieh, C.-L., Goldsmith, J. A., Schaub, J. M., DiVenere, A. M., Kuo, H.-C., Javanmardi, K., Le, K. C., Wrapp, D., Lee, A. G., Liu, Y., Chou, C.-W., Byrne, P. O., Hjorth, C. K., Johnson, N. V., Ludes-Meyers, J., Nguyen, A. W., Park, J., Wang, N., Amengor, D., … McLellan, J. S. (2020). Structure-based design of prefusion-stabilized SARS-CoV-2 spikes. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abd0826

    1. Equivalent to role="region". Content that needs extra context from its parent sectioning element to make sense. This is a generic sectioning element that is used whenever it doesn’t make sense to use the other more semantic ones.
    2. Content that is self-contained in that it makes sense on its own when taken out of context. That could mean a widget, a blog post or even a comment within a blog post.
  7. Jul 2020
  8. Jun 2020
    1. Oh, and to be absolutely clear, every example that I know of a company trying to adopt the "pioneer - settler - town planner" structure without first getting their principles in a decent state has ... failed. Principles first. Org structure later. Culture, later still.

      Thinking on this with respect to Colin Woodard's book American Nations, makes me realize why America is in such horrible shape today.

    1. normalizing our dabatase will help us. What means normalize? Well, it simply means to separate our information as much as we can

      directly contradicts firebase's official advice: denormalize the structure by duplicating some of the data: https://youtu.be/lW7DWV2jST0?t=378

  9. May 2020
    1. We believe everyone deserves to report to exactly one person that knows and understands what you do day to day. The benefit of having a technically competent manager is easily the largest positive influence on a typical worker’s level of job satisfaction. We have a simple functional hierarchy, everyone has one manager that is experienced in their subject matter.
    2. We don't want a matrix organization where you work with a lead day to day but formally report to someone else.
  10. Apr 2020
    1. Par inhumain, nous entendons deux choses : premièrement, ce qui, par définition d’ordre épistémologique, n’est pas humain, soit du préfixe privatif in-, signifiant « sans » ;

      il manque une transition ici : je placerai ce paragraphe, un paragraphe avant, pour suivre l'idée d'un épuisement de l'anthropocentrisme et introduire Lautréamont

  11. Jan 2020
  12. www.c3l.uni-oldenburg.de www.c3l.uni-oldenburg.de
    1. Structuring instructional processes

      Examples below

      Amazing list!

    2. PROGRAMME STRUCTUREThe second set of variables that determine transactional distance are the elements in the course design, or the ways inwhich the teaching programme is structured so that it can be delivered through the various communications media.Programmes are structured in different ways to take into account the need to produce, copy, deliver, and controlthese mediated messages. Structure expresses the rigidity or flexibility of the programme's educational objectives,teaching strategies, and evaluation methods.
  13. Dec 2019
    1. I lost my mother's watch. And look! my last, or next-to-last, of three loved houses went.

      There is a subtle change from the third to the fourth stanza, a perfect split in keeping with the poem’s rigid structure. Almost imperceptibly, the speaker switches from addressing the reader to drawing on her own experience. It is here that Bishop begins to undermine her meticulous structural details and carefully impassive tone. “I lost my mother’s watch”, she states, an admission that seems to come from nowhere. However, the casual tone is disappearing; the inexplicable mention of this personal aspect of the speaker’s life has upped the emotional stakes. As the stanza continues, it becomes clear that this is a further attempt to demonstrate the universality of loss. The picture becomes bigger and the distance larger. The exclamation: “And look!” betrays yet more emotion, despite it’s apparent offhand tone. Now Bishop tells us to look at our losses on a bigger scale: the houses we lived in – not so disastrous except for the use of the word “loved” here. Indeed, these were just places we lived in, but we nonetheless also loved in them.

    2. —Even losing you (the joking voice, a gesture I love) I shan't have lied. It's evident the art of losing's not too hard to master though it may look like (Write it!) like disaster.

      he fifth stanza leads us to a brief look at the structure of the poem. The villanelle allows for a break in its pattern of tercets and tight rhyme, giving away to one quatrain with a repeated rhyme. Just as the structure cracks, as does the poetic voice. The final stanza opens with a dash, which could perhaps be seen as an attempt at a casual tone but in fact serves to slow the poem down here, allowing for yet more emotion to permeate the final words. The reader is forced to consider this “you”, and we see how the poem has taken a journey: starting with the little objects, going through thought and memory, to houses, places and continents forming one huge picture until at the end, zooming in on and pinpointing this “you”. A “you” with, as we infer from the parentheses, a personality, a memorable tone of voice and gestures. A person lost; an irreplaceable entity, in fact.

    1. Sec.??,

      Fix reference.

    2. Pass one of two single leptonb-performance triggers that require:444–An online reconstructed medium muon withpT> 26 GeV445–Or an online reconstructed electron with withpT> 26 GeV446•Contain an offline medium muon withpT> 30 GeV and no jet within∆R of 0.4.447•Contain an offline medium electron withpT> 30 GeV448•Contain at least two offline b-tagged jets defined as:449–Offline R=0.4 anti-kT jets.450–pT> 35 GeV and |η|< 2.5.451–Offline b-tagged at the 85% operating point.452–The offline jet must be matched to an online jet.

      In the bullet list, use semi-colons for the end of list items. Use periods only when completing a thought or sequence.

    3. Events are required are pass to the following selection

      "Events must pass the following selection:"

    4. The set of triggers with an electron or muon in it441withb-taggingalgorithm run on all online jets is called ‘b-performance trigger’ specifically used to study442b-jet trigger performance.

      This sentence is awkward. I recommend: "The set of trigger including an electron or muon along with the b-tagging algorithm is referred to as the 'b-performance trigger'. It is dedicated to the study of flavour-tagging performance in the HLT."

    5. electron plus a neutrino,

      "... electron and neutrino..." (and similarly in a few words, "... muon and neutrino ..."

    6. an internal documentation of flavour tagging note, [25],

      "... in an internal flavour tagging note (Ref.~\cite{})..."

    7. e,

      No comma - dependent clause follows.

    8. Event selection, data, and simulated samples are common to both methods.

      Avoid 1-sentence paragraphs. Combine this with the following text.

    9. representative combination

      "... representative combinations..."

    10. bTrig

      This notation ,with a capital "T" in the subscript, is clumsy. I recommend we just simplify this to $\epsilon_{\mathrm{trig}}$, since we are only talking about b-jet triggers here.

    11. spot

      "identify" ("spot" is too casual)

    12. A handy

      Too colloquial. "A guide to decoding..."

    13. denoted∗

      "... marked by a * ..." (this appears in a number of places - correct them all)

    14. denoted∗

      "... marked by a * ..."

    15. Tables??

      Fix broken reference.

    16. ≈40%

      Use $\sim$, not $\approx$, in this context.

    17. 70% 77%

      Missing comma in list.

    18. Further details of the performance and usage of the muon-jet chains inPbPbcollisions are detailed in365Appendix H and will be summarised here for the paper once we better understand from the HI experts366what plots they would like to have made public, how much detail they need us to cover here etc

      Do we have more information about what is desired for this part of the paper? It feels highly unfinished.

    19. HI r

      Was "HI" defined?

    20. to face the very

      "... were required to be robust against the high-multiplicity environment..."

    21. es, th

      "... small angles; this is the so-called..."

    22. so called


    23. golden probe

      This is a colloquial phrase. Define it, or use a more general term.

    24. muon jet

      Hyphenate "muon-jet"

    25. A

      Has "A" been defined? At the very least, cite the paper for this analysis here.

    26. bbb, a

      Missing parenthesis after"bbbb".

    27. s, a

      No comma - dependent clause.

    28. 1TeVand

      Space needed between "TeV" and "and"

    29. and

      Remove comma - a dependent clause follows.

    30. jets, and c

      No comma before "and"

    31. GSC

      ".. or GSC"

    32. Run 1 style

      "Run 1-style" -> hyphenate, since it's used as an adjective.

    33. he exact d

      "The exact" implies you have already discussed a target topology. Perhaps "An exact..." is better.

    34. , plus

      Replace ", plus" with " and ".

    35. anti-Kt


    36. volume that the tracking must be run o

      "... the volume on which tracking must be run ... "

    37. GeVwere

      Put a space after "GeV".

    38. Mean: 0.000098 +/- 0.000074RMS: 0.006637 +/- 0.000053Non-SplitMean: -0.000016 +/- 0.000090RMS: 0.007982 +/- 0.00006

      These font margins should be improved, so the text doesn't run into the right bounding box. This goes for all of these plots in Figure 4.

    39. and which follows closely the offline primary vertex finding strategy

      Make this phrase parenthetical

    40. weighted by found relative

      This phrase, "weighted by found relative," makes no sense. Please rephrase.

    41. inηandφ.

      "... in both eta and phi."

    42. downside of wasting

      How about "...inefficient use of CPU resources..." instead?

    43. selected

      "selected" or "produced"? Not sure what the intent is here for the underlying verb. ROIs would normally result (be produced) from the L1 trigger, then be used in the HLT. So is "produced" the right word?

    44. processed

      "Process" appears twice, once in the first two sentences. It has an over-use feel to it here. Replace one instance of "process" with an appropriate synonym.

    45. < μ >

      This looks like $<\mu>$. Instead, use $\langle \mu \rangle$. I recommend defining this in LATEX to simplify:

      \def\avgmu{\ensuremath{\langle \mu \rangle}}

    46. secondary

      Place secondary in quotes.

    1. He then showed you how he could make a few strokes on the keyset to designate the type of link he wanted established, and pick the two symbol structures that were to be linked by means of the light pen. He said that most links possessed a direction, i.e., they were like an arrow pointing from one substructure to another, so that in setting up a link he must specify the two substructures in a given order.
    2. "Most of the structuring forms I'll show you stem from the simple capability of being able to establish arbitrary linkages between different substructures, and of directing the computer subsequently to display a set of linked substructures with any relative positioning we might designate among the different substructures. You can designate as many different kinds of links as you wish, so that you can specify different display or manipulative treatment for the different types."
    3. "You usually think of an argument as a serial sequence of steps of reason, beginning with known facts, assumptions, etc., and progressing toward a conclusion. Well, we do have to think through these steps serially, and we usually do list the steps serially when we write them out because that is pretty much the way our papers and books have to present them—they are pretty limiting in the symbol structuring they enable us to use. Have you even seen a 'scrambled-text' programmed instruction book? That is an interesting example of a deviation from straight serial presentation of steps.3b6b "Conceptually speaking, however, an argument is not a serial affair. It is sequential, I grant you, because some statements have to follow others, but this doesn't imply that its nature is necessarily serial. We usually string Statement B after Statement A, with Statements C, D, E, F, and so on following in that order—this is a serial structuring of our symbols. Perhaps each statement logically followed from all those which preceded it on the serial list, and if so, then the conceptual structuring would also be serial in nature, and it would be nicely matched for us by the symbol structuring.3b6c "But a more typical case might find A to be an independent statement, B dependent upon A, C and D independent, E depending upon D and B, E dependent upon C, and F dependent upon A, D, and E. See, sequential but not serial? A conceptual network but not a conceptual chain. The old paper and pencil methods of manipulating symbols just weren't very adaptable to making and using symbol structures to match the ways we make and use conceptual structures. With the new symbol-manipulating methods here, we have terrific flexibility for matching the two, and boy, it really pays off in the way you can tie into your work.3b6d This makes you recall dimly the generalizations you had heard previously about process structuring limiting symbol structuring, symbol structuring limiting concept structuring, and concept structuring limiting mental structuring.
    4. As we are currently using it, the term includes the organization, study, modification, and execution of processes and process structures. Whereas concept structuring and symbol structuring together represent the language component of our augmentation means, process structuring represents the methodology component (plus a little more, actually). There has been enough previous discussion of process structures that we need not describe the notion here, beyond perhaps an example or two. The individual processes (or actions) of my hands and fingers have to be cooperatively organized if the typewriter is to do my bidding. My successive actions throughout my working day are meant to cooperate toward a certain over-all professional goal.